The exploration of the universe has never stopped. The launch of rockets, satellites and space shuttles could only be done by the national or military forces until the Marston, who vowed to send human beings to Mars, successfully launched the giant star rocket and detonated the worlds attention to the commercial space field. At the same time, Chinas commercial aviation also started from the ice breaking in 2015, and developed rapidly for 3 years. Some people say that 2018 will be the spring of Chinas commercial aviation, and China is already an aviation power. But experts from aviation have warned that Chinas commercial space is still sprouting, and it is still just a small tree. Compared with the United States, there is a big gap in our country. Chinas space technology is lagging behind at least two digits, decades or even thirty years. But business space is lagging behind only a few years. The expert said. However, with the liberalization of policies, the influx of private capital and the development of market applications, commercial space is considered to be a market of more than ten billion dollars. Although many commercial aerospace applications are more of the 2B market, Dr. Wu Shufan, who has been studying NetEase for many years in the field of aerospace research, says that as long as it is determined to send human beings to space tourism within ten years, because technology has already had, it is only a cost problem. This is the dream that musk and Chinese commercial aerospace enterprises want to achieve. 2018: the spring of commercial space With the rapid development of commercial space, the pace of scientific and technological innovation in the world has speeded up, the cost and cost are greatly reduced, the reuse of the launch vehicle at sea, the repeated use of rocket engines, the commercial manned space station, the low cost lunar exploration and a series of unplanned space programs are becoming a reality, showing the commercial voyage. The power of promoting technological progress and industrial development. In particular, the SpaceX, a star enterprise in commercial space, has successfully broken the speculation and doubt about the commercial space. After all, the launch of the rocket and the space shuttle were limited to the power of the state or the army. Musk SpaceX detonated the worlds attention to the commercial aerospace field. In only 12 years, we have achieved such remarkable achievements, which is worth our reflection and reference. Private rocket development enterprise blue arrow CEO Zhang Changwu said. In fact, Chinas commercial space opened an ice breaking tour in 2015. In 2014, the Chinese government issued some of our policies, that is to say, to encourage private capital into space and make clear the space, so from that time, the door of policy was opened. We also call 2015 the year of commercial space. Dr. Wu Shufan, a professor at Nanjing University of Aeronautics & Astronautics, recalled that he was a member of the middle school group. After nearly three years of development, more than 60 private enterprises have been involved in business space business, especially the enterprises represented by satellite manufacturing, satellite launching and satellite mapping. For example, in 2017, Chinas space science and Astronautics released the commercial space five clouds one car to the world: the commercial space engineering pattern of flying clouds, fast clouds, cloud, rainbow, cloud and high speed flying train. In private enterprises, there are rocket research and development enterprises, such as blue arrow aerospace, satellite launching enterprises, micro satellite, satellite measurement and control enterprise, aerospace intelligence branch and so on. A lot of central enterprises have a layout in the space of commercial space, rocket or satellite. The space development unit in the original system has also set up a lot of new institutions, or companies or platforms, to lay out commercial space. Zhang Changwu said. More and more players are involved in Chinas commercial space. And the palpable market is getting bigger and bigger. Taking the earth orbit satellite constellation as an example, the construction plan has been published. By 2020, a total of 6000 satellites need to be launched, with nearly 50% of US satellites. But a large part is our commercial space market. The scale of the market exceeds US $10 billion, which is an opportunity we can reach for. Zhang Changwu said. Therefore, in 2018, for Chinas commercial space, it will be a year of rapid development and usher in the spring of hundred flowers. Chinas space technology gap is not as good as that of the US in 40s. Although the global threat assessment just released by the US intelligence Commission shows that China and Russia are the main threats to the space field. And by the end of 2017, there were more than 1450 satellites in orbit in the world. China has more than 200 total resources over Russia, making it the second largest country in space resources. Wu Shufan also said that China has become a big space country, but we must move from the space power to the space power. Think about the fact that the technology of the United States in 40s has exceeded what we can do now. India has launched a satellite to Mars, so we still have a distance. Tian Yulong summed up the problems facing Chinas space system: first, the application of short board, strong and weak branches, three to three less. National spaceflight has gone far and far-reaching, but the application of the value chain of the satellite industry is inverted Pyramid, the satellite application is short board, the application of the technology is many, the public service is few, the military application is much, and the civil application is few. Secondly, the international competitiveness is not strong. The scale of the satellite broadcasting and communication industry is about 20 billion yuan, and the application service can only cover 2.5% of the global market in the territory and the surrounding area. In the satellite navigation, the satellite navigation and position service market of 250 billion yuan in China, the Beidou navigation is only about 30%, the leading enterprise is only 3% of the United States, and the satellite remote sensing is applied to the gas. Like, land, ocean, health and other industries, and other industry needs, for a long time, mainly by government investment, service for the government, has not formed a standard market prohibition, the data market size is only 3 billion yuan, the lack of competitive enterprises; finally, the overall quality is not high, the United States rich creation company in 2014 issued the global aviation. The evaluation report shows the government input index, industrial competitiveness index, input-output ratio, 37:37 in the United States, 21:18 in Europe, 24:15 in Russia, and 14:7 in China. As for the commercial aviation now developing vigorously, Tian Yulong reminded us to pay more attention to core competitiveness rather than short, flat and fast. Must be stronger in the core competitiveness, this is the Sino US trade war has rounded the alarm, without the core competitiveness, our commercial space development will not go far, and now the development of science and technology so fast, only to stay in the current vision is very dangerous. Tian Yulong thinks. But experts are still confident about the development of Chinas commercial space in the next 5-10 years. Wu Shufan believes that in the next 5 years there will be larger private enterprises to stand up. And the space travel that people want to achieve will be realized in 10 years. Source: NetEase science and technology report editor: Bai Xin _NT4464 As for the commercial aviation now developing vigorously, Tian Yulong reminded us to pay more attention to core competitiveness rather than short, flat and fast. Must be stronger in the core competitiveness, this is the Sino US trade war has rounded the alarm, without the core competitiveness, our commercial space development will not go far, and now the development of science and technology so fast, only to stay in the current vision is very dangerous. Tian Yulong thinks. But experts are still confident about the development of Chinas commercial space in the next 5-10 years. Wu Shufan believes that in the next 5 years there will be larger private enterprises to stand up. And the space travel that people want to achieve will be realized in 10 years.