In the era of unlimited supply of labor force, what is the key to winning the city?

category:Society
 In the era of unlimited supply of labor force, what is the key to winning the city?


According to reports, from 2017 to date, at least 20 cities have introduced policies to address household registration, provide housing facilities and support entrepreneurship, and attract college students to come to the household. In March of this year, the Xian Public Security Bureau announced that college students could move into more than 8000 people on the same day that student ID card and ID card could be settled online. In June last year, Wuhan issued a policy to retain 1 million college students to settle in Wuhan for 5 years. As if overnight, the city realized that college students are also talented people. Generally speaking, graduates with bachelor degree are talents. Of the total population in China, only 3 out of every 20 people are junior college or above, and only 1 are undergraduates or above. In view of the current gross enrollment rate of higher education in China is only 42.7%, among the newly added college students, among the 10 people of the same age, only 4 are college students and only 2 ordinary undergraduates. Taking into account the fact that education is an important factor in income disparity and class differentiation, it means that 20% of the top talent is caught. From a vertical perspective, college students settle down in cities. In the age of planned economy, college graduates have the status of cadres and are assigned by the state. They can naturally settle down in cities. Then, the market economy became the main body of labor allocation, higher education began to expand the enrollment, and in quantity, the talent was no longer as scarce as before; at the same time, a large number of people were transferred from the countryside to the city, and in the era of unlimited supply of labor, as pointed out by Nobel prize winner Lewis, the city did not feel the general people. The importance of talent is only focused on a handful of intellectual elites. At present, this attitude towards talent has been challenged. From the trend, the era of unlimited supply of labor has ended. A few of the first tier cities can remain calm because of their advantages in location and city status. The second tier cities have clearly felt the pressure of slowing population inflows. The slowdown in population inflows directly affects the balance of the balance of social security, the growth of tax revenue, the income of land leasing, and the long-term development potential of the city. The performance of several cities such as Hangzhou and Wuhan also shows the speed and quality of population inflow, which basically can measure the good or bad development of a city. Second line cities attract talents with the quality of life To attract the inflow of population, we must first understand why people migrate. Some studies have found that there are two main reasons for population migration: one is better employment opportunities and the other is wage income; the two is better quality of life. In China, the greater the size of a city, the better the quality of employment, wages and public services. Therefore, people are also willing to concentrate on big cities. But in a persons life, income is not always the most important, and the quality of life, including compulsory education, pension and other public services and livable urban environment, especially when people are married and born, the role of quality of life in the elements of the alternative city is particularly prominent. Many young people who have worked in the big cities for many years have come to the marriage and have children. After buying a house or having no hope, they will choose to go back to their hometown and go to the city of his hometown, to buy a house in the county town, which is often at the expense of the income. At present, in Chinas cities, the core public services such as compulsory education and old-age security are mainly provided to the household registration population. The second tier cities are used to attract population inflow, which in a sense can be regarded as attracting population by quality of life. This can also be understood as: if income and employment are spelled, the two or three line cities in the Midwest have no way to compete with the frontline and eastern cities, and only the quality of life can be attracted to people, that is to give them citizens treatment. For many people, they can not settle in the first tier cities, nor are they willing to return to small cities. A city with high quality of life is the last winner. The continuous expansion of the city is also an indication that all the cities in the future will be eliminated in a very short period of time for all the students, and the population contention will gradually spread to secondary vocational, high school education and technical labor. At this time, education is no longer the focus of urban competition for the population, and the low degree of service industry will also be very popular. Apart from a few mega cities, settlement may no longer maintain a higher threshold. At this time, how does the city do? We should see that the attraction of the household is the right of the citizens to enjoy the public service of the city behind it, which can effectively improve the quality of life and let the citizens live in the city with dignity. In order to better attract talents to settle down and leave the people settled, they need to improve the quality of life as much as possible. Urban employment opportunities depend on industrial development and location advantages. This has great historical inertia. However, to become a beautiful city with high quality of life is what every city can do. The quality of life involves a lot of content, and there are public services provided by the government, such as compulsory education, public safety, and the atmosphere and environment of the humanities, such as social integration, the quality of air and water, as well as commuter conditions, public image of the government and so on. In the 2040 vision plan published in the New York city of the United States, the important issues of concern to the citizens of New York were described, including education, housing, employment, public safety, health, infrastructure, and the connection with the government. The vast majority of them were related to the quality of life, and New York was also the focus of urban services and investment. These may give inspiration to cities that are working to attract talent. Source: new editor of the Beijing News: Nie Ming Mings editor: Ji Ke _b6492 Urban employment opportunities depend on industrial development and location advantages. This has great historical inertia. However, to become a beautiful city with high quality of life is what every city can do. The quality of life involves a lot of content, and there are public services provided by the government, such as compulsory education, public safety, and the atmosphere and environment of the humanities, such as social integration, the quality of air and water, as well as commuter conditions, public image of the government and so on. In the 2040 vision plan published in the New York city of the United States, the important issues of concern to the citizens of New York were described, including education, housing, employment, public safety, health, infrastructure, and the connection with the government. The vast majority of them were related to the quality of life, and New York was also the focus of urban services and investment. These may give inspiration to cities that are working to attract talent.