Tribal crime and terrorism conspire: Egypt can hardly cope with the dilemma

category:Military
 Tribal crime and terrorism conspire: Egypt can hardly cope with the dilemma


The reference news network reported on April 25th that the British survival bimonthly published the article entitled Israel and the threat of holy war, written by Elizabeth Mateu, a senior researcher at the British Institute of international strategic research, Elizabeth Mateu, which compiles the contents of the situation on the terrorist activities in the border areas of the country as follows: Terrorism and tribesman in the Sinai Peninsula The new wave of terrorism began to sweep Egypt since the beginning of twenty-first Century, after a short break from the terrorist violence that ended from the beginning of 1970s to 1997. This is especially true in the Sinai peninsula. The desert area is 60 thousand square kilometers and has about 500 thousand inhabitants. In 1982, Israel was abandoned by the central government of Egypt after its occupation. Therefore, over the past 15 years, criminal networks and armed groups in the region have increased dramatically. The formation of the gray area in Sinai is the result of decades of economic and political marginalization in the region, which has led to a self-government of tribes and criminals, and the expedient cooperation between tribes and terrorists based on the interests of the terrorists. The large tribal alliance located at the intersection of Sinai, Giza and Israels Negev desert always controls the main smuggling routes in the area. Other reasons for the proliferation of terrorist organizations in the region include the penetration of the sarasy concept since 1990s (an increase in the Islamic tribunal that has led to competition with traditional tribal entities); the link with Gaza Strip was closer after Hamas took over the regime in 2006 (including the flow of arms and combatants between two territories. ); as a result of the conflict between Libya and Syria Iraq, the terrorist organization in the North African region of West Asia has surged; the route to the arms smuggling of Libya was formed after 2011 (the alternative route in Sultan has gone through the 2013). Therefore, in addition to the existing smuggling networks in North Africa, the horn of Africa and the Israeli Palestinian region, terrorist organizations active in the Sinai peninsula have also become an extraordinarily flexible terrorist threat. In early twenty-first Century, the terrorist organization of God supremacy, close to Al Qaeda, launched attacks on the coast of the Red Sea (in TBA in 2004, in Sharm El Sheikh in 2005, and in zahai in 2006), causing severe repression by the Egyptian national security institutions and intelligence agencies. After being weakened for several years, terrorist organizations revived after 2011. The Egyptian regime has since lost control of the Sinai Peninsula, leading to unprecedented chaos. Soon, the Jerusalem supporter Organization (founded in 2011) became the main terrorist force in the region and carried out action to destroy the Egyptian - Israeli natural gas pipeline. The group changed its tactics in 2013, focusing on the triad area of Als, Sheikh Zoe Wade and Rafah. The organization carried out large-scale killing attacks and was sworn to be loyal to the Islamic state organization in November 2014, thus establishing the Sinai province branch of the Islamic state organization. The convert to Islamic organization is the personal relations, economic considerations and simple opportunism between the Sinai and the La Kara fighters, as the Islamic organization is at the peak of success at the end of 2014. Since the end of 2013, the Jerusalem supporter organization, in cooperation with terrorist organizations in central Egypt, has managed to carry out attacks outside the stronghold of northern Sinai. The organizations targets are Egyptian military facilities and checkpoints, intended to kill Egyptian soldiers, steal their weapons and broadcast videos on the Internet. Since 2015, after the oath of allegiance to the Islamic state organization and the efforts of Egypt to increase military operations, the Sinai organization has chosen to launch a large-scale attack on the Egyptian security forces in the northern part of Sinai. In 12 months, it showed that it was capable of occupying a city (Sheikh Zoe Wade in July 2015) for about 10 hours, killing some 60 Egyptian soldiers and forcing the military to use F-16 fighters to protect ground forces. The attacks demonstrated excellent action, intelligence, recruitment and penetration skills, which were fully explained by the Russian aircraft explosion in Sharm El Sheikh in October 2015. Egypt and Israel jointly counter-terrorism but the effect is not good Egypts military operations seek to cut off the organizations arms supply and liaison channels, impose curfew and arm civilians. The actions also benefited from Israeli intelligence and military support, including air strikes and UAVs. However, Egypt has failed to prevent the continued spread of terrorism on the Sinai peninsula. Egypt has severely damaged the smuggling tunnels of Gaza and controls the border between the West and the Libya in order to reduce the weapons and ammunition transported to its terrorist organization, but it also failed to prevent the Sinai organization to carry out deadly attacks every week. Since the beginning of 2007, the organization has also implemented sectarian attacks against Coptic Christians. In view of the fact that the central government is unable to protect national security, local Bedouin have formed their own militia to attack the Sinai province organization. However, their cooperation with the Egyptian army is always fragile, and it is possible to strengthen tribal military territory and tribal competition. In addition, such cooperation is unable to solve the problem of lack of economic and development policies, which is the foundation of crime management in the region. The article points out that the priority of terrorist activities in Sinai is to overthrow the central government of Egypt. Therefore, Israel is not their primary goal. However, they carried out a deadly terrorist attack near Israeli town in 2011. After that, the Egyptians intercepted a suicide bomber in the Gaza conflict in 2014, and in 2015 and 2017, the group launched a rocket in the direction of her. In addition, after losing the strongholds of Syria and Iraq, the Islamic state organization found an occasional victory in Sinai. In October 2017, the group claimed to have launched a rocket projectile to the Israeli settlements near Gaza, and a few hours later claimed a deadly attack on the Egyptian army near Ali. Since the launch of the Falcon in Sinai in Sinai in 2011, Israel has accepted the de facto militarization of the Sinai Peninsula (the camp David agreement only allows multinational forces and observers and police to be stationed in the C area near the Israeli border). The coup of overthrowing the Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood and Egypts president Sethi (Israel has been dealing with this person for many years) were then elected to speed up the process. The current level of cooperation between Egypt and Israel far exceeds that of President Mubarak. Not only did the Egyptian military operations in the Sinai Peninsula be supported by the Israeli authorities, but Israel itself also carried out intervention in the region, and began to carry out the UAV strike since August 2013. On its own territory, Israel deployed the Iron Dome missile defense system in the vicinity of Gaza and era to intercept rockets and to build a 5 meter high security fence along the Egyptian border. Although the idea of building the 245 kilometer barrier was traced back to 2004 (called the hourglass project, initially to prevent drug smuggling and prevent Hamas from invading after Israels withdrawal from Gaza Strip), the project was restarted in 2010. Finally, Israel strengthened the operation of monitoring the Egyptian border and preventing infiltration. Even so, the Israeli Egyptian border is still very unsafe because the Islamic state organization is trying to prove its influence will persist. The Egyptian army has shown that it can not resist this experienced terrorist organization. Data picture: armored army of the Egyptian army. (the picture comes from the network) Sinai Gaza: Jihad ties and Palestinians The Sinai Peninsula and Gaza Strip have been linked by ancient tribal alliances and ancient trade and smuggling routes. In 1983, the first batch of Sinai Gaza road was completed due to Israels withdrawal from Sinai. After the establishment of the Palestinian national authority in 1997, there was a new wave of genuine construction. As Israel withdrew from Gaza Strip in 2005, Hamas completed its takeover in 2006, and Israel imposed a blockade in 2007. The items transported through the tunnel include the Iran weapons transported through the smuggling route in Sultan. Since 2011, the Libya road has become the main channel to smuggle weapons into the Egyptian continent, Sinai and Gaza, and Gaza is a source of recharge of many organizations in the Sinai peninsula. The Sultan line has no longer passed since 2013, not only because of Israeli military attacks and the political and security situation in Sultan, but also because of Hamass support for anti government forces in Syria, which has forced Iran to reduce its military support to the organization. Most of the smuggling tunnels in Gaza Strip have been destroyed by the Egyptian army in the past 3 years. The surviving tunnels are roughly equivalent to 15% of the original network, and are still controlled by the same Bedouin and Gaza tribes. The Jerusalem supporter organization and the smuggling route used by the Hamas brigades are still linked with the Sinai organization with some armed groups in Gaza, including the salabfield terrorist organization. Despite a substantial reduction in the arms trade with Gaza, the terrorist organization in Sinai has benefited from the input of Gaza combatants, allowing them to find a developing incubator on the Egyptian side of the Egyptian border. Many Islamic extremists decided to move to Sinai after Hamas led the repression of Allahs followers in 2009 (the organization tried to announce the establishment of the Islamic emirate in the Ibn tamiye mosque in Rafael). The holy war Sula conference (which began in 2015), the sarfey group of the peoples resistance organization and the Islamic Army, and the most radical militants of the Kusan brigade remain firmly in touch with the Sinai province. Hamass attitude towards the Sinai terrorist organization is ambiguous. The Sinai provincial organization welcomed the defectors of the castle brigade, who accuse Hamas of being satisfied with Israel. In 2012, Egypt accused 3 former commanders of the former commander of the Sinai command to collaborate in training the terrorists in Gaza, and in Rafah broke through the ambush of the Egyptian army. Two years later in August 2014, two defendants (Raid Attar and Mohamed Abu Samara) were killed in Israeli bombing operations in Gaza. Hamas has also been accused of providing medical assistance to terrorists who live in Gaza hospitals, especially those in Sinai Province, especially in Khan Eunice. General Oav Mordecai, a coordinator of Palestinian activities in the Palestinian territories, said Hamas is willing to provide medical help in exchange for weapons and funds. It seems that the relationship between Hamas and Sinai terrorist organizations is based on traditional smuggling networks and pragmatic needs rather than ideological coherence. Hamas is still an organization closely related to the Muslim Brotherhood, and Mu brothers will develop relations with Turkey, Qatar and Iran. In this sense, both Al Qaeda and Islamic state can be seen as potential competitors by Hamas. The Al Qaeda criticized Hamas for accepting the Western argument about democracy and holding a direct election in early twenty-first Century. Not long ago, the Islamic organization also issued several news, threatening to overthrow the rule of Hamas in Gaza Strip, against the Israeli truce or the Palestine Fatah organization to achieve a reconciliation. However, Hamas has maintained strict control over the terrorist organizations in Gaza since 2011. Therefore, although Hamas has made use of the material opportunities offered by the Bedouin network for the Islamic state, it endeavours to maintain its dominance in the military. This explains why some Sinai terrorists threatened Hamas and demanded that their prisoners be released from prison in Gaza. Some Gaza terrorists even attacked Hamas armed forces: for example, in July 2015, an explosion destroyed a number of Hamas militants, and in August 2017, an armed man exploded a explosive at the Rafah port between Egypt and Gaza, leading to the death of a Hamas police. At present, Hamas (founded in 1979) maintains a similar safe distance from terrorist organizations in Gaza. It refused to establish strong action links with them or provide political support. This is because, first, Hamas is the Palestinian Islamist nationalist movement, not a part of the Global Jihad, and second, because it does not intend to attract the attention of the Israeli army and the international alliance against the Islamic state. Therefore, it maintains a local nationalist view and intends to gain long-term political status in the Palestinian political arena through negotiations. Gazas terrorist activities began to expand in 2011. Because of the expansion of terrorist organizations in Sinai and the Gaza terrorists going to Syria (some of them later returned to Gaza), it reached its peak in 2015. However, in addition to a few deep-rooted movements, the terrorist organizations in Gaza are often turbulent and lacking in organization. Although several organizations have expressed sympathy for the Islamic organization through social networks, the Islamic organization has no formal branches in Gaza. Hamas is still in power and has chosen to implement containment policies, including through executions and other repressive measures, to avoid revolutionary upheaval. So far, this strategy has been effective, explaining why the terrorist organization in Gaza has never been a big worry for the Israeli security forces. However, Israel has always been very interested in the conflict between Hamas and the Sarah Philippine terrorist organization. Some Israeli experts even think that in the framework of preventing the expansion of the influence of the Islamic countries in Gaza Strip and Sinai, there is an indirect secret cooperation between Hamas and Egypt, or between Hamas and Israel. (compiling / Ge Xuelei) Photo: Hamas is organizing a parade. (source from the Internet) the source: Reference News Editor: Lee Ying Ying _NBJS5961 Photo: Hamas is organizing a parade. (the picture comes from the network)