So what are the problems in the transportation structure of Beijing Tianjin Hebei region? What difficult problems do we need to solve at the top priority? How should the next step of the traffic structure be adjusted? The special publication of this edition is related to the readers. The map of cargo demand distribution in Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei is a semi enclosed C layout. Semi surround anti C layout aggravate regional air pollution At the Qinhuangdao port of Hebei Province, a freight train coming from Daqin Railway had to pass through the loading area slowly. Full load of coal passes through the conveyor belt from the wagon to the yard. Finally, the truck is transported from the storage yard to the coal carrier. When a truck is running into the loading and unloading area, the Tianjin port, more than 200 kilometers away, is also faced with the problem of port cargo and railway design unconnected, and the unblocked link chain. Due to the problem of land ownership, the railway extends to the port, it needs to reach a consensus, and the approval is also relatively complex, so there are few railway freight lines directly built to the port. A port leader told the reporter. This difficult problem of last mile convergence reflects the key to the adjustment of transportation structure in Beijing Tianjin Hebei region. After the emission of vehicles has become the primary factor of regional air pollution, the concern of freight transportation in Beijing Tianjin Hebei region is increasing day by day. In 2016, the volume of railway freight transportation in Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei was 2.5 million tons, and the volume of highway freight was 24.3 million tons, and the difference between the two was 9.7 times. And the highway freight in the region was mainly heavy diesel vehicles, and the emission of nitrogen oxides accounted for 1/5 of the total amount of nitrogen oxides in the region. The area of Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei is centered on Beijing (production and life necessities), and the anti C layout of Hebei and Tianjin (coal, iron and steel, ore and other bulk energy and mechanical manufacturing commodities) is characterized by significant aggregation characteristics, which aggravates the exhaust pollution caused by the transportation of the vehicles in the core cities in the region. Under this layout, Beijing, as the core economic city, is surrounded by the surrounding industrial cities and is the main aggregation point for multiple radioactive or surround Cargo channels. Coupled with the characteristics of the central and Shanghai regional heavy trucks, the regional transport structure adjustment is imperative. Liu Ying, director of the energy conservation and emission reduction center of Beijing Transportation Development Research Institute, said in an interview with reporters. Liu Ying said that railway transportation has advantages in terms of energy saving and emission reduction than road. The energy consumption per unit freight turnover of railway transportation is only 1/280 of highway freight. The same volume of freight, railway transport emissions is 1/13 of road transport. Therefore, the increase of railway transport volume is of great significance for improving the atmospheric environment quality in Beijing Tianjin Hebei region. Peng Yingdeng, a researcher of the national urban environmental pollution control technology research center, also believes that the adjustment of traffic structure in Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei can contain the emission of vehicle pollution from the source. In addition, road pollution and dust pollution along the way can also be effectively eliminated. Both the temporary and permanent solutions should be the focus of adjustment in the next two areas. The most urgent task is to transform the kinetic energy of long haul bulk cargo transportation. Theres no making without breakingu3002 At present, the transportation structure of Beijing Tianjin Hebei region has begun to break down, and the public transit railway has become a breakthrough point. Since October 1, 2017, the port of Bohai no longer receives steam transportation, port and port coal. The Tangshan City government has formally signed a strategic cooperation framework agreement with the China Railway Beijing Bureau Group Co., Ltd. to strengthen the railway collection and port transport in Tangshan. Beijing and Tianjin are also taking more and more measures. At the 2018 Tianjin transportation and Transportation Conference, Wang Fushan, the Secretary and director of the Party committee of the Tianjin transportation and Transportation Commission, said that this year Tianjin will focus on building a network of large track patterns, speeding up the construction of Beijing Tianjin Hebei on the track, forming a convenient and efficient railway network and efficient collection system. Yang Bin, vice mayor of Beijing, said that in 2018, we should focus on the management of heavy diesel vehicles, replace them, limit them and check them, and expand the low emission area from the six ring road to the whole city. Moreover, since April 20th, Beijing has implemented the closed loop management measures for the heavy duty diesel vehicles in the city. There are also forerunners in the adjustment of transportation structure in Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei. The Beijing Tianjin Hebei express freight train, which was opened by the Beijing Railway Administration, has been large to steel and 10 kilograms of coarse grain for 3 years. A total of 4 million 60 thousand tons of goods are sent to enterprises and individual customers in the region, and 158 million 635 thousand pieces of sporadic express goods are sent to the small and micro enterprises and ordinary citizens along the line. This is a favorable attempt to give full play to the advantages of the railway network, which not only boosts the coordinated development of Beijing Tianjin Hebei region, but also greatly relieves the pressure of highway transportation in the region. However, the high emission of heavy duty diesel trucks, the lack of joint connection between the city and the foreign port freight logistics exchange nodes, the lack of smooth connection between the railway and the port last kilometer is still an unavoidable problem for the adjustment of the transportation structure of Beijing Tianjin Hebei. It is understood that there are cross boundary diesel vehicle pollution problems in Beijing, Shijiazhuang, Baoding and other cities. The data show that the highest number of heavy diesel vehicles passing through and entering Beijing every day in Beijing has reached about 70 thousand, of which twenty thousand are transported to Beijing to transport production, living materials and vehicles, and 40 thousand are transit vehicles. There is a 400 km demarcation line for railway freight transportation, that is, the distance between 400 km and above, and the comprehensive cost performance will be higher than 400 km. And railway suitable freight is a large bulk cargo with low cargo loss rate. This is undoubtedly suitable for the railway transportation capacity of the 86% Beijing Tianjin Hebei region, which mainly serves bulk goods such as coal, ore and oil. Liu Ying said, after the implementation of the policy of prohibiting the transportation of coal in the port, the role of the railway in coal transportation will be significantly improved and good results will be achieved. Li Zuojun, deputy director of the Institute of resources and environmental policy of the National Research Center, also believes that more environmentally friendly railway transportation should be adopted in the transportation of heavy heavy goods, such as coal, cement, sand and stone, especially to reduce the road transport of diesel vehicles. In the adjustment of freight structure, we should pay equal attention to planning and management, and short haul transportation also needs to be optimized. The adjustment of transportation and transportation in Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei is a complex system project, which involves the industrial structure and layout, the development and connection of various modes of transportation. Liu Ying suggested that efforts should be made from the following aspects: At the level of planning, the effective matching of railway and logistics nodes (hub / Park / field station) and channel (road / railway) should be realized to promote the transport of main cargo trunk lines. In addition to optimizing and improving railway freight capacity, we should strictly manage highway transportation by means of meticulous management so as to improve railway transportation volume. Liu Ying said, with the promotion and maturity of information means such as OBD, it is necessary to give full play to the role of information technology in environmental protection management. A large number of micro monitoring information data can be collected so as to form large data, make more detailed analysis, and provide a basis for scientific decision-making. As for the last kilometer problem, Peng Yingdeng believes that it is not difficult to solve this problem at the administrative level. The 13th Five-Year port collection and transportation system construction plan has clearly pointed out that the last kilometer of railway and highway entry should be emphatically broken through, and the construction of the port collection and transportation system should be accelerated. Local governments should strengthen consultation and cooperation among departments, break the interests of all sides and hedge resources and resources, so as to achieve the smooth entry of railways. Although railway freight transportation is green and convenient, the characteristics of small and scattered freight industry determine that there is still a lot of rigid demand for short haul transportation. For example, there are two enterprises in the Beijing bus industry, 4 enterprises in the rail industry, 230 enterprises in the rental industry, and 54 thousand enterprises in the freight industry, and the proportion of Enterprises above the scale is less than 1%. In addition, the flexibility and convenience of highway freight turnover become the necessity of its existence. For short distance transit vehicles to protect peoples livelihood, we must ensure that the vehicles at the front end meet the standards and the back-end logistics transfer system is green and orderly. This is a long process, but we must change from now on. Peng Yingdeng stressed. Outside the box International banded city groups: conducive to the diffusion of pollutants Losangeles mayor Beach port: railway lines around the port set up The European part of the river port railway can directly enter the port front. The Long Beach port railway line in Losangeles, USA is set up in the operation area of the port, which really realizes the seamless connection between the port and the railway. Long Beach port is one of the largest container ports in the United States and one of the advocates of green port. In order to make the freight transportation more efficient, Long Beach port is also improving its platforms and track projects, such as investing in double track transportation. Freight industry: adopting the leader idea In view of the small and scattered characteristics of the freight industry, the concept of leader is generally adopted in the international cities, and the main enterprises in the middle layer are guided to the benchmarking enterprises to promote the sustainable and positive cycle of the industry to green. American SMARTWAY, British FORS, European ECOSTAR and so on are the successful practice of leading concept. For example, the SmartWay certification of the United States Environmental Protection Agency is a third party accreditation of an international authority, which specializes in more efficient and energy-saving cars and automobile accessories such as tires. By encouraging consumers to buy certified products, we can achieve the goal of reducing fuel consumption, improving air quality and reducing greenhouse gas emissions. At present, the SmartWay technology team has set up 3 sets of technical validation criteria, including reducing vehicle idling exhaust systems, pneumatic equipment and tires. The source of this article: surging news editor: Zhang Haitong _NN9053 In view of the small and scattered characteristics of the freight industry, the concept of leader is generally adopted in the international cities, and the main enterprises in the middle layer are guided to the benchmarking enterprises to promote the sustainable and positive cycle of the industry to green. American SMARTWAY, British FORS, European ECOSTAR and so on are the successful practice of leading concept. For example, the SmartWay certification of the United States Environmental Protection Agency is a third party accreditation of an international authority, which specializes in more efficient and energy-saving cars and automobile accessories such as tires. By encouraging consumers to buy certified products, we can achieve the goal of reducing fuel consumption, improving air quality and reducing greenhouse gas emissions. At present, the SmartWay technology team has set up 3 sets of technical validation criteria, including reducing vehicle idling exhaust systems, pneumatic equipment and tires.