At 13 p.m. local time, at 13 p.m. on April 22nd, in the Chinatown, which has a long history and second largest (second only to San Francisco) in North America - the Chinese Cultural Center No. 50 of the Vancouver Chinatown hit East Street, a series of laws, regulations, policies and practices issued by the Vancouver municipal government and the City Council on the citys history have been held. Official apology to the Chinese community, Luo Pinxin (GregorRobertson), mayor of Vancouver (GregorRobertson) read a letter of apology to the Chinese community in the name of the city house and the City Council in English on the basis of an earlier resolution by the City Council and the City Council, and later two Chinese celebrities with both official and Chinese community representation. Former provincial judge Yu Hongrong (BillYee) and former MP Ye Wu Meggie (MaggieIp), respectively, used the two most commonly used Chinese dialect Cantonese and four Yi dialects of Chinese old Chinese to recite the same apology of the same content more than 100 years ago. Canada is the early and denser place of the overseas Chinese in North America. The British Columbia Province, where Vancouver is located, is the only province of the Pacific coast of Canada. It has to be located in the middle of the eighteenth Century, and the Chinese arrived in the latter half of the eighteenth Century, or went inland to rush for gold, or to stay in the new coastal commercial port of that time. Port (todays capital city of Vitoria, British Columbia) and two ports (the former capital of New Westminster City) and other places engaged in catering, laundry and other service industries. Until the end of the nineteenth Century, Vancouver was only a small town on the basis of the aboriginal village and the logging and distribution. The arrival of the Chinese descent made the town come from behind, and gradually became the largest city in the Canadian Pacific coast. A Chinese American worker in the gold field of the base of the mean of 1900. Due to the barrier of the Rocky Mountains, the British Columbia province and the other provinces of Canada, which were founded in 1876, were unable to pass directly, only by way of the sea to bypass the distant South American Cape of Good Hope (at that time the Panama Canal was not repaired) or from the California pass of the United States to the East. Therefore, the prerequisite for the province to join the Canadian Federation is to repair the Pacific Railway which is almost impossible to complete at the time and across the North American continent. In order to repair this railway (in 1885), more than 15 thousand of the Chinese have left their homes and put into hard and dangerous work. Less than 4 people have given their lives for this purpose. SirJohnA.MacDonald, Canadas first prime minister, delivered a parliamentary speech in 1886, saying that without the great efforts of the Chinese workers, the Canadian Pacific Railway could not be completed as planned, and the resources in western Canada would not be developed and praised the contribution of the Chinese workers. HenryJohnCambie, chief engineer of the Pacific Railway, also praised Henry as the best Mason I have ever seen. It is no exaggeration to say that the Chinese have made an indelible contribution to the unification of Canada with their sweat, blood and life. However, this switch has been naked racism and injustice: since 1882, the Canadian federal government has launched a series of Anti China bills for more than half a century, including the restrictions on the immigration of Canadian leaders from a handful of towns, such as Vancouver, Dabu, two port, and other towns in 1882. Since 1885, the mainland has imposed a capitation tax on Chinese immigrants, and has banned the entry of Chinese American women since 1923. Exclusion and racism are not limited to federal levels, and the government and Parliament of British Columbia and Vancouver have played a more radical role in many times. In 1871, the provincial government passed legislation to deprive Chinese Americans of voting rights and banned Chinese Americans from becoming legal, pharmaceutical and dental professionals, which were launched 14 years earlier than the notorious head tax at the federal level. After 1/4 centuries of struggle, the Canadian Federation abolished the platoon law in 1947, and Vancouver did not abolish municipal exclusion until 1949, the last of the Canadian cities. These heinous municipal laws of discharge include school isolation, the prohibition of Chinese access to swimming pools and other public places, and the prohibition of the purchase, rental and use of local homes, hospitals and even cemetery. Because of these unfair policies, some highly intelligent Chinese children can only go to private schools. Some Chinese dead in Vancouver and other places can only be sent back to their homeland for burial. What is more, some racists fear that Chinese Americans will ask for equal rights when they render meritorious service to Canada, and do everything possible to obstruct Chinese overseas Chinese joining the army and becoming police officers. Against these discriminatory measures, generations of Chinese have fought unremittingly. The outbreak of World War II made the Canadian Alliance anti fascist allies. During the war and after the war, some federal levels of the anti Chinese law were cancelled, and the veterans of the World War II veterans actively joined the ranks of rights, which made the Chinese American struggle for rights, equality and anti discrimination more sympathy. In recent years, China has increased its international status and a large influx of immigrants from the new generation of mainland, Hongkong and Taiwan, which has injected new blood and new vitality into the rights and struggles of the local Chinese communities, providing a more solid backing. In 1948, Canada formally abolished the Exclusion Act, and in June 22, 2006, the Canadian federal government formally apologized for 38 years of Chinese American head tax in June 22, 2006. The Canadian Federal Chancellor Harper (StephenHarper) was used by the Canadian Federal Chancellor on behalf of the federal government of Canada on behalf of the Canadian federal government in Ottawa. Cantonese loudly called Canada, apology - at this moment, the number of head tax victims of up to 81 thousand of the total number of people living in the world still has only about 30 people. At the provincial and provincial level, it was not until 2010 that the two port made the resolution and measures to apologize to the Chinese communities on the historical listed government, Parliament, policies and measures for a nearly buried Chinese old cemetery, and the two port Chinatown, which was at the time of prosperity, had already been excluded from China. The anti Chinese measures included not allowing the Chinese to rent, enter the civil service, and even some non Chinese private enterprises to employ Chinese employees, and under the pressure of the municipal government and the City Council. In 2016, Toronto City Hall Square held an apology for the 10th anniversary activities of the poll tax and Exclusion Act. In 2015, with great efforts from all walks of life, Jian Huizhi, the former provincial governor, Jian Huizhi (ChristyClark) apologized to the Chinese communities of the provincial government and parliament in the past 100 provinces, and commended Chinese immigrants in the construction of the Pacific Railway linking the Canadian Pacific and the the Atlantic coast. The great contribution made. Vancouver is a city with a long history and a profound historical accumulation of Chinese communities. This day is too late. With the impetus of Chinese and other ethnic minority activists, since 2016, the Vancouver municipal government, the City Council and the local Chinese and non Chinese community leaders consulted several times to discuss how In November 2017, the Vancouver municipal council voted to apologize for a formal apology for the official discriminatory treatment in the history of Vancouver Chinese. In March 28, 2018, according to the vote of the City Council, the municipal and municipal councils issued an apology statement issued by the mayor of Luo pin letter. In the statement, mayor Luo pin letter said that the choice of the day was to make people remember the historical discrimination against Chinese people and choose to apologize in public places instead of municipal buildings. It is intended to convey the sincerity of Vancouver to strive for the support and acceptance of Chinese culture. As the mayor of Luo pin said in the apology, for the common development and future of the city and all the urban residents, the City Council and the City Council of Vancouver must first recognize the mistakes made in history, and realize that these unfortunate chapters in history are to a great extent affecting the lives of the Chinese people of the city today. On behalf of the municipal and municipal councils, he acknowledged that the former Vancouver municipal council had made many mistakes in legislation, regulations and policies, including discrimination against a number of ethnic and foreign ethnic groups, and the historic injustice encountered by ethnic minorities outside the aborigines had not received the necessary attention and substitution for a long time. Todays Canadian Chinese have become one of the most important members of Canadian multicultural society. New and old Chinese and overseas Chinese from all over the world have made a great contribution to the local society. With history as a mirror, multiculture and racial equality have become politically correct today, but there is no denying that racism and disguised racism are still out of sight. The seemingly already new and new ethnic Chinese communities around Vancouver, with all kinds of flags and discriminatory actions against Chinese Americans For the sake of being around us, discrimination against other ethnic minorities and unfair treatment also happen. For today and tomorrow, we must bear in mind the lessons of history, to inherit the glorious tradition of the old Chinese, to pursue ethnic equality and social justice, and to strive for the equality and legitimate rights and interests of each of our compatriots and neighbours in the new era. The source of this article: overseas network Author: Travel plus scholar Tao short house editor: Li Tian Yi _NN7528 Todays Canadian Chinese have become one of the most important members of Canadian multicultural society. New and old Chinese and overseas Chinese from all over the world have made a great contribution to the local society.