A 3 year old girl in Guangdong went into a bathtub and scalded her skin. The scalded area was about 47percent.

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 A 3 year old girl in Guangdong went into a bathtub and scalded her skin. The scalded area was about 47percent.


After lifting the towel quilt, the scene in front of the medical staff to breathe in a breath of air - the childs chest and abdomen, back, left upper limb, buttocks and thighs were scalded off a layer of skin! Heart pain! Whats going on here?

The bathing water is not cool.

The panic-stricken parents immediately stripped the child and smeared the whole body with tea oil in an attempt to relieve the pain and protect the skin. Then they wrapped her in a towel and brought her to the hospital and went straight to the burn surgery ward. Its been 2 hours since the tragedy happened.

Once severe shock

But doctors say that because of the severity of the scald, there may be a risk of infection in the follow-up, which requires close observation and further treatment. It is expected that the scar will affect the appearance and limb movements of the child.

The doctor reminding

Autumn and winter are high incidence of burns and scalds.

Every autumn and winter is a period of high incidence of burns and scalds in children. Since the beginning of autumn this year, 34 cases have been treated in the department. Yang Zuxian said that hot water, hot soup, hot water bags and heating appliances could be the source of burns as the frequency of using boiled water, water heaters, heating stoves and electric irons increased after the weather became cold.

In the past year, we have also received some very serious cases of scald, mostly because of the accident of boiling bath water in the process of cooling, and also because the solar water heater burst and injured the children playing side by mistake. They are also scalded by kettle, warm water bag and electric blanket. Yang Zuxian reminded: Parents should be more wary of such accidents, such as pouring cold water before mixing hot water when preparing bath water for their babies; using hot water bags, warm babies, electric blankets, pay attention to skin can not keep in touch with 60 degrees Celsius, more than 5 minutes will cause burns; kitchen is also a risk zone, adults should close at will. Door to the kitchen or a child safety barrier at the door.

It should be done if there is a burn.

The doctor said that burns were divided into three degrees. Grade I burns are epidermic scalds, and the skin is red and painful. If the flush is cooled for at least 20 minutes, improvements can be made in about 2~3 days. The second degree scald is that the epidermis has been scalded to ulcerate and produces blisters. The scald will be deep into the dermis below the epidermis and recover in about 2 to 4 weeks. The third degree scald goes directly to the subcutaneous tissue, and the skin will become stiff, white or black. Although the pain is not obvious, it is a very serious scald. It must be sent to hospital immediately for treatment.

Yang Zuxian said that once burns and scalds occur, they should be washed with cold water at the first time. It is not important to wear clothes. First, they should be washed with cold water. The parts such as head and face can not be used to flush water. Of course, if the scald is as severe as this case and shock occurs, flushing is not recommended and should be rushed to the hospital immediately! uuuuuuuuuu

Remember, while cooling the water, remove the clothing that covers the wound. If the clothes are thick or sticky, scissors can be used to cut around the wound in order to avoid aggravating the injury. Then the burn wound is covered with colorless and soft cloth, and the child is immediately sent to the hospital for further treatment by a professional doctor. Yang Zuxian particularly stressed that if it is scalded blisters, do not privately pick it up, because it will not be better faster, but also easy to infection, scarring; and do not apply soy sauce, salt, toothpaste, alcohol and other so-called partial prescriptions on scalded wounds. They not only delay the time of medical treatment, but also increase the chance of wound infection, and soy sauce will lead to wound dyeing, affecting the doctors observation and judgment. In addition, some toothpaste may contain borneol, menthol and other ingredients, may have a cool feeling after smearing, but it does not help the wound. As for spraying salt on scalded wounds, it not only aggravates the pain of children, but also involves osmotic pressure, which will cause a large amount of water seepage from the wounds, making the body more water-deficient and the wound more serious.

Yang Zuxian particularly stressed that if it is scalded blisters, do not privately pick it up, because it will not be better faster, but also easy to infection, scarring; and do not apply soy sauce, salt, toothpaste, alcohol and other so-called partial prescriptions on scalded wounds. They not only delay the time of medical treatment, but also increase the chance of wound infection, and soy sauce will lead to wound dyeing, affecting the doctors observation and judgment. In addition, some toothpaste may contain borneol, menthol and other ingredients, may have a cool feeling after smearing, but it does not help the wound. As for spraying salt on scalded wounds, it not only aggravates the pain of children, but also involves osmotic pressure, which will cause a large amount of water seepage from the wounds, making the body more water-deficient and the wound more serious.