Wang Zengqi, a well-known contemporary writer, once said in The Tall Buildings of Hong Kong and the Big Trees of Beijing that the tall buildings of Hong Kong are suffocating and make him miss the big trees of Beijing immensely.
Later, in The Birds of Hong Kong, he said that Hong Kong is too urbanized. Only the delicate double-decked cage held by the residents, no bird can fly freely in the sky of the city.
These words vividly reflect the sense of oppression given by the city of Hongkong. By the end of 2017, the total population of Hong Kong was 74.098 million. On 1106 square kilometers of land in Hong Kong, the per capita living area was less than 14 square meters.
But it is this city with less than 14 square meters per capita living space that has been selected as the most livable city in China by different organizations.
According to the China Urban Marketing Development Report (2018), released recently by the Institute of Financial Strategies, Academy of Social Sciences, Hong Kong ranks first in the country in terms of livability index, followed by Guangzhou and Shenzhen in the north. Not only that, but Hong Kong is also rated as the most livable city in China in the 2017 Global Livable City Report published by the Economist think tank.
In recent years, Hong Kongs economic growth has slowed down and housing pressure has increased. Why did she win the most livable city in China?
According to public reports, the most important reason why the Economist Think Tank ranks Hong Kong as the most livable city in China is that Hong Kong has a large amount of green space.
Since 1970s, Hongkong has passed legislation to protect the country parks, which represent about 40% of the total area of Hongkong. Under the restriction of law, the development of all properties can only be carried out in a small space. Therefore, to a certain extent, Hong Kong peoples snail dwelling living environment, in exchange for a large area of green and fresh air. Today, despite slowing economic growth and huge housing pressure, Hongkongs country parks continue to grow.
Different organizations have different reference factors for the evaluation of urban livability index, but the basic indicators include climate, environment, social security, health, culture, education, environment and infrastructure. Apart from its strong economic base and climate and environment, Hongkong also has several other indicators. It is worth mentioning that Hongkong ranks second in the worlds most secure cities, second only to Japan.
According to the China Urban Marketing Development Report (2018) of the Academy of Social Sciences, in the past year, Beijing, Shanghai and Guangzhou have a good overall development momentum. They have good performances in culture, tourism, innovation and entrepreneurship, but they have a common shortcoming - livability index is relatively low.
The main reason for the low livability index of Beijing lies in the two aspects of peoples livelihood quality and ecological environment. The high cost of medical treatment and education and the rising housing prices have made the quality of peoples livelihood lack of driving force to improve. On the other hand, although Beijing has made some achievements in controlling pollution enterprises and haze, air quality has not yet entered the ranks of high quality, which leads to the backwardness of the ecological environment and the development needs of Beijing.
Shanghais livability index has declined. The main loss items are the quality of peoples livelihood, traffic congestion, high housing prices, and shortage of public health resources, which make Shanghais livelihood quality rank low. The low livability index in Guangzhou is mainly due to the poor quality of peoples livelihood. Therefore, in 2018, Guangzhou will focus on livability construction in brand building. A total of 56 infrastructure projects covering peoples livelihood, health, transportation and environment will be opened.
Although Shanghais investment development index has declined at the present stage, the accumulation of the past still guarantees her great potential in the future. Shanghais free trade zone, green and coordinated economic structure and open attitude will bring infinite possibilities for its future development.
Overall low investment development index
Apart from Hongkong, another surprising city is Shanghai.
The report shows that Beijing maintains an obvious advantage in investment and its attraction is still strong, but Shanghai is slightly inadequate in attracting investment, with its investment development index ranking falling out of the top three in the country.
The report points out that Beijing has effectively strengthened the dominant position of enterprises in the market by vigorously optimizing the business environment, building a high-end economic structure, and setting up a landing point policy, so as to ease the burden of enterprises to the greatest extent and effectively promote investment to remain strong in adversity.
On the contrary, although Shanghai has made remarkable achievements in economic indicators such as GNP and per capita income, its population restriction policy shackles the structure of human capital and affects the quality of economic development. On the other hand, the relatively inadequate investment in the Internet industry in Shanghai limits investment and marketing. These factors together lead to a slight weakness in attracting investment in Shanghai compared with Beijing.
Data show that the citys investment development index has the highest correlation with innovation and entrepreneurship potential. Shenzhen and Chengdu are good proofs of positive and anti.
The report points out that Shenzhens outstanding performance in investment index is mainly due to Shenzhens innovation and entrepreneurial vitality. The reason why Chengdus investment index is low is that its economic base is relatively weak, and another important reason is that its innovation and entrepreneurship potential is relatively low.
Liu Yanping, deputy director of the Department of Urban and Real Estate Economics, Institute of Financial and Economic Strategies, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, told Xinhua News Agency that in the past year, Chinas urban investment development index is not high as a whole, which is not only related to the internal pressure of Chinese cities in the period of promoting high-quality development, transformation and adjustment, but also related to other countries. International trade disputes and other external factors. With the continuous innovation and entrepreneurship in China