In October 22nd, President Trump interviewed reporters before leaving the White House. (Xinhua news agency, Shen Ting photo)
Trumps statement immediately aroused concern and controversy in Washington and the American society. Analysts believe Trump dropped the bomb a week before the mid-term elections to cater to conservative voters who are gravely concerned about illegal immigration, but it will be more strongly opposed and harder to achieve than his previous forceful immigration policy because it touches on the Constitution and challenges mainstream perceptions in U.S. political and legal circles.
In an excerpt from the video interview, Trump said, The United States is the only country in the world where people come to have children and they become citizens of the United States and enjoy benefits. This is ridiculous, and it must be stopped.
He said he knew it could be done by legislative means, but he would choose to sign an executive order, which he had consulted with legal advisers, and the plan was in progress.
Axios video clip for Trumps exclusive interview.
The Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution passed by the United States Congress in 1868 stipulated that all persons born or naturalized in the United States and subject to its jurisdiction are citizens of the United States and of the states in which they live.
Supporters, including some Republican politicians and conservative academics, argue that the constitutional amendment has been misread and should not apply to illegal immigrants or foreign citizens holding legal visas.
Critics argue that Trump has no right to reinterpret or amend constitutional provisions by executive order, including Republicans.
The United States civil rights alliance issued a statement saying that Trumps move was unconstitutional and the executive order was not covered by the constitution.
Paul Ryan, the Republican Speaker of the House of Representatives, said it was clear that Trump could not abolish birth citizenship by executive decree, and that the Fourteenth Amendment was clear.
In addition, a test-tube baby technician at Californias RSMC Hospital told reporters that although the target is mainly illegal immigrants, tightening U.S. immigration policies, especially those that jeopardize the right to citizenship at birth, could also have an impact on expatriates with cross-border birth needs, including in vitro babies, surrogate mothers and months. Sub centers and other agencies are likely to pay close attention and assess the impact to decide whether to adjust the focus of the market.
U.S. Supreme Court attorney Zhang Jun said that according to the Constitution, to amend the Constitution, two-thirds of the members of the Senate or two-thirds of the state legislature must agree to propose amendments, and finally three-quarters of the state legislature must be approved, normal legislative process is not easy, there have been Republican attempts before. Trumps attempt to forcibly change the interpretation of the Fourteenth Amendment to an executive order is more controversial and will face strong challenges from all sides.
Darrell West, a senior fellow at the Brookings Institution, a think-tank, said Trump was still playing the immigration card to stir up conservative voters and canvass Republican candidates.
With the help of the Immigration Card, Trumps tough immigration policies, such as the entry restriction order, the U.S. -Mexico border barrier plan, and the separation of flesh and bones against illegal immigrants, have aroused great controversy and protests in the United States and many criticisms in the international community over the past year.
If the immigration card is broken and the executive order is used as the law, the immigrant society in the United States will be more fractured and less attractive.
On February 4, thousands of people demonstrated near the White House in Washington, D.C., to protest the entry restriction order signed by U.S. President Trump. (Xinhua News Agency / Agence France-Presse)
Background Link The 14th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution was introduced shortly after the end of the Civil War. Its original intention was to grant liberated slaves and their children American citizenship. Since then, other races have been fighting for equal rights through litigation. For example, in the American v. Golden Virtue case of 1898, Golden Virtue, whose parents were Chinese but born in the United States, was finally convicted as an American citizen. Source: Xinhua news agency editor in charge: Li Cong _B11284
The 14th Amendment to the Constitution of the United States was introduced shortly after the end of the Civil War. Its original intention was to grant liberated slaves and their children American citizenship. Since then, other races have been fighting for equal rights through litigation.
For example, in the American v. Golden Virtue case of 1898, Golden Virtue, whose parents were Chinese but born in the United States, was finally convicted as an American citizen.