400 thousand chip talent gap! The current situation of computer education in China: top priority

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 400 thousand chip talent gap! The current situation of computer education in China: top priority


Li Yidong, an associate professor at Beijing Jiaotong University, has been worried recently. He has seen much attention to the technical gap in the discussion of ZTE and the national chip, and is concerned about the lack of talent. In his view, the more fundamental problem of the development and application of domestic chips is the top priority of computer talent training in China. He observes that computer majors and graduate students are generally reluctant to learn more about the structure of computer systems, but are more focused on computer applications. The talent reserve of the Universitys chip industry is worried. Almost everyone is doing things that are computer applications, not basic things. Li Yidong understands the objective difference between the basic and applied fields of computer science, the rate of employment in Colleges and universities, and the expectations of the students, but he believes that both salary and talent are far too different. 400 thousand chip talent gap how to fill up? The answer is not only in the educational link. Chip talent gap 400 thousand head and heavy foot In essence, it is teaching students how to use computers instead of teaching students how to build computers. Its like the automobile profession taught a bunch of drivers. Speaking of chip talent topics, Hu Weiwu, a researcher at the Institute of computing technology and director of the Godson processor of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, has many words. In his view, the talent training of Chinas chip industry is extremely uneven, most of them are focused on the level of technical application, but there are too few talents in the research of the underlying system such as algorithms and chips. He gave a realistic example: most Internet Co are programming with Java, the corresponding talent reserves are hundreds of thousands, even millions, but there are very few people studying the Java virtual machine (the abstract computer that simulates all kinds of computer functions on the actual computer), when I did the business in 2010 There are no more than 10 people waiting for it, and today there may not be more than 100 in the whole country. The white paper pointed out that from 1999 to 2016, Chinas integrated circuit design composite annual growth rate of 44.91%, booming. But Chinas integrated circuit industrys independent innovation ability is weak, the key core technology dependence on foreign countries is high, and talent shortage is still very prominent. According to the outline of the national integrated circuit industry, the scale of the industry will expand more than 5 times by 2030, and the demand for talents will increase exponentially. And the supply of industrial talents is not matched with the growth of industrial development. Relying on Colleges and universities to train IC (integrated circuit integratedcircuit) can not meet the requirements of industrial development. The white paper points out that the annual salary of professionals in research and development of integrated circuit enterprises is nearly 300 thousand yuan, with nearly 200 thousand yuan in manufacturing professionals. The average annual salary of the undergraduate students in the chip design is nearly 150 thousand yuan, and the doctorate degree is nearly 300 thousand yuan. According to the survey, 80% of enterprises pay a yearly salary, and the proportion of salary adjustment is between 5% and 10%. However, this salary level is obviously less than that of the hot posts of Internet companies, especially the salaries of big data and artificial intelligence. The recruitment information of the Internet talent recruitment website, such as La hook net, shows that the computer professional graduate with 4~5 years of work experience can get the maximum salary of 40 thousand yuan a month. Considering that many Internet Co will pay more than 12 months salary, the final annual salary can exceed 500 thousand yuan. The obvious wage differentials have led some chip developers with deep accumulation in the field of infrastructure to transform into the Internet application field. Qin Lin (the pseudonym) is one of them. According to his introduction, the salary of the chip R & D institutions or business in the first line cities, such as North and deep, is often less than the salary provided by the first line of Internet Co, and the Internet giant enterprises such as Ali and Baidu have also begun to invest more in the lower core technology research and development. The talent assessment system in the IT field should be changed The problem of heavy weight worried Li Yidong. He said that if this situation continues to develop, there will be no talent available in the next 3-5 years. To solve this problem, we need systematic construction to cure the root and cure the root. Li Guojie analysis, the reason why the domestic IT talent training has a top priority problem, on the one hand, is because the chip and other low-level technology has a high threshold, only 985 and other top colleges and universities can be trained; on the other hand, there are still some problems in the system mechanism of domestic talent training. He said that at present, most of the assessment of computer talents in universities and scientific research institutions is the main evaluation standard. Compared with large data, artificial intelligence and other applications, the chip research in the field of high trial and error costs, or the difficulty of making the original invention patent is significantly higher, so the selection is selected. There are fewer opportunities for training programs such as the National Outstanding Youth Fund. Zhang Yongfeng, an associate professor of Dalian Neusoft Information Institute, said that the IT assessment system should be changed. We should not take all professions in one size fits all, especially the national title assessment and performance appraisal. He thinks, in the field of chip, our country is behind the European and American countries, it is impossible to produce a lot of achievements and make a lot of money in a short time. If the assessment of the chip talent at this time is the same as in other fields, only the academic papers and the performance theory, there may be a lot of people leaving this field to choose better treatment. He believes that the cultivation of engineer culture should be strengthened in Higher Education in China. In order to create papers, in order to seek new and different ideas, we do not attach much importance to engineering and feel that projects are relatively low-grade. In the field of chip R & D, engineers are the key factors that determine whether chip design innovation can land. Zhang Yongfeng suggested that, referring to the mature experience of Europe and America, establish a national unified learning and practice platform with integrated circuit design and manufacturing as the theme, and provide integrated circuit design EDA tools, process libraries, and even experiment platforms. Students from the National IC related majors can apply for resources on this platform. In this way, we will improve the quality of personnel training and reduce redundant resources among universities. Like some mature integrated circuit technology, it can be shared on the platform to enable students to learn. Source: China Youth Daily editor: Zhu Xiaodong _NBJS6126 He believes that the cultivation of engineer culture should be strengthened in Higher Education in China. In order to create papers, in order to seek new and different ideas, we do not attach much importance to engineering and feel that projects are relatively low-grade. In the field of chip R & D, engineers are the key factors that determine whether chip design innovation can land. Zhang Yongfeng suggested that, referring to the mature experience of Europe and America, establish a national unified learning and practice platform with integrated circuit design and manufacturing as the theme, and provide integrated circuit design EDA tools, process libraries, and even experiment platforms. Students from the National IC related majors can apply for resources on this platform. In this way, we will improve the quality of personnel training and reduce redundant resources among universities. Like some mature integrated circuit technology, it can be shared on the platform to enable students to learn.