To oil Russia, to fix the worlds northernmost railway in the Arctic.

 To oil Russia, to fix the worlds northernmost railway in the Arctic.

According to Russia today, Russias energy giant Gazprom will join the Russian Railway Group to build a railway that will lead to Sabeta, a new Arctic port on the West Bank of the Obi River estuary on the Yamal Peninsula.

According to reports, the new railway will be built on the basis of the existing 1097 km railway line, the existing railway links the small towns of northern Russia, Oscar, Bowanenkovo and Calskaya, and the port of Sabeta.

According to the Business Daily, the total cost of the expansion project is estimated to be 115 billion rubles (about 12.2 billion yuan). The new railway will send goods, oil and natural gas to Beihai route from the northern rail line.

Marching into the North Pole

According to the BBC, the Arctic Ocean contains billions of barrels of oil and trillions of cubic feet of natural gas, and neighboring countries are eager to beat other competitors for a share.

In 1996, eight Arctic countries, namely the United States, Canada, Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, Russia and Sweden, established the Arctic Council to promote cooperation and coordination in the region. But at the same time, the tension between competitors has become increasingly apparent.

Decades after the collapse of the Soviet Union, Russia, with the longest Arctic coastline, launched a drilling mission on the Arctic Ocean floor and sent underwater vehicles and unmanned submarines into the worst-off areas of the planet.

After several years of drilling, Russia produces more than 500 tons of oil a year from the fields it operates in the Arctic Ocean. But because most of the resources are under thick ice, the exploitation of surface vessels is frequently blocked.

In 2013, Russia launched a project called the Iceberg Project, which uses extreme technologies to extract oil and gas in extreme environments, including the use of robotic oil exploration submarines and nuclear submarines.

One of the most notable plans is to build the worlds first underwater nuclear power plants to replenish the Arctic submarine fleet.

In recent years, as the melting of the Arctic ice sheet has accelerated, Russias North Sea routes, Canadas and northwest Alaskas routes have become smoother and more convenient, and countries such as Russia have more access to large quantities of oil and gas.

Disappearing tundra

According to the New York Times, Russia is further opening the Arctic and making LNG exports to Asia a priority. Compared with conventional routes, its new routes from Norway to South Korea greatly shorten the sailing time.

The shortening of the route from the Atlantic to the Pacific means that ships carrying natural gas will burn less fuel and that natural gas itself is cleaner and more environmentally friendly than most other fuels. But many countries are entering the Arctic, but they pose a new threat to the Arctic sensitive environment.

There is a vast area of tundra in the Arctic, where mosses, sand grasses and shrubs grow beneath the permafrost and are also thought to hold vast oil and gas reserves.

In the 80s of last century, a few years after the shutdown of some Arctic oil wells, a large area of vegetation died. Infrared photographs show that the tundra is yellow, in sharp contrast to the surrounding pink tundra.

Its easy to do something on tundra, but its very difficult to recover, said Francis Moore, a biologist with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Administration.

KIC-1 is a $40 million Arctic drilling project between Chevron and BP in the 1980s, but how much oil has been drilled has not been disclosed.

Arctic sentinel life

As governments move towards the Arctic, social groups and teams of scientists have come to the ice.

In July 2018, a team of researchers from the German Alfred Wegener Institute arrived at a Danish scientific and military outpost about 575 miles from the Arctic and conducted scientific research activities there.

Six soldiers were stationed at the outpost, and from October to March of each year, they had to depend on two dogs, once members of a sled patrol.

During the Spring and Summer Festival, teams of scientists and meteorologists arrived. This summer, the Wegener team brought in two pilots, an engineer, a mechanic, a scientist and a meteorologist.

In order to measure more accurate sea ice data, researchers must find ways to achieve low-altitude flight, so that the detector can cover a wide enough range of measurements.

Like other remote outposts, the station has some weird and fastidious ways, such as the annual roast pig * and the Arctic version of medieval games. In addition, everyone must wear a suit, tie and dinner on Saturday evening.

Although these recreational activities are very simple, they can also add some color to the long and gray winter life of the stationed personnel. The source of this article: editor of foreign affairs responsibilities: Gu Ying _NN6577

Although these recreational activities are very simple, they can also add some color to the long and gray winter life of the stationed personnel.