The mayor of Venice said that the result of the delayed completion of Moses water conservancy project was the result.
The Moses project was launched in 2003 and was originally scheduled to be put into operation in 2011. However, the project continued to experience cost overruns and corruption. The scheduled completion date of the project has been delayed to 2022.
The symbol of Venice, Plazza San Marco has become a lake (photo source: visual China).
Probably the biggest flooding in fifty years.
The World Heritage Site, the Italian city of Venice, is famous for its canals and Gondola water buses, as well as its magnificent palaces and churches. The city is often flooded from October to December of each year, but Mondays flooding was particularly severe.
The highest water level of 1.6 meters on Monday was the highest since December 2008, according to city statistics quoted by the Washington Post. Venice has suffered the biggest flooding since its data statistics, which is 1.94 meters in November 1966.
Shops were soaked when the water level rose, and shopkeepers drained them (ANSA: photo).
Mondays flooding was caused by a low-pressure weather in northern Italy, which caused strong winds to sweep across Italy from south to north, while flooding the Venice lagoon with tides.
According to the Guardian, heavy rains are now occurring in most parts of Italy, exacerbated by the lack of maintenance of many riverbeds. At present, important tourist attractions such as Coliseum and plaza have been closed in Rome. The Washington Post says 6 people are dead because of floods and storms.
At present, tourists and residents in Venice can only wade through waist-high waters, because the doorway barrier can not contain flooding, shops and restaurants have been flooded. The famous Plazza San Marco has become a lake.
According to todays Russia (RT), the Governors Palace and other parts of the city have laid elevated sidewalks, but the water level has exceeded the elevated sidewalks. The CNN said the floods might ease by Tuesday, but they are still 1.1 meters and could be higher if the storm continues, meaning 12 percent of the cities will remain underwater.
At present, the water bus gondola has been suspended (photo source: ANSA).
The Mose plan to save Venice
The mayor of Venice, Luigi Brugnaro, said Monday that Moses, a water conservancy project in the Venice lagoon, could prevent flooding, but the plan, codenamed Moses, was delayed by cost overruns and corruption, the Washington Post reported. Brunello said he had asked for talks with Italian Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte to stress the urgency of the project. It is said that Mose can block more than 1.1 meters of flood, which will occur four times a year.
Venice City is built on more than 100 islands in the Venice Lagoon, but because of long-term development, Venice City has sunk about 28 cm in the past century. Coupled with global warming and rising sea levels caused by the melting of polar glaciers, Venice may face extinction in decades and will no longer be habitable by 2050.
The plan is to set up a water diversion gate at the three entrance of the lagoon in Venice (source: MOSE official website).
In 1987, the Venice Water Authority (Consorzio Venezia Nuova) began a comprehensive intervention program to protect Venice City and the lagoon. From 1988 to 1992, before the Moses Project was named, a gate was placed at the entrance to the Bay of Lido for testing.
In January 2003, in order to protect the World Heritage site of Venice, Italian Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi launched the Moses program (to save the Jewish people by opening the sea with the classic Moses), which aims to build movable sluices to block the tide and protect Venice.
According to Wikipedia, the three entrances to the Venetian lagoon, Lido, Malamocco and Chioggia, will be built with four gates of 78 active modules. Each concrete module has a length of 18.5-29 meters, with a width of 20 meters and a weight of about 300 tons.
Under normal tidal conditions, the gate module will be filled with water and sinks below the surface. When the tide is higher than 1.1 meters, the gate module will be filled with compressed air, emptying the sea water, rising in succession to prevent the tide from entering the lagoon.
Project sketch, gate module will be placed on the cement base, usually income base, need to be lifted (photo source: YouTube)
When the gate module is lifted, the Venice Lagoon will form a water level drop with the Adriatic Sea (source: MOSE official website)
After 11 years of delay, corruption and overspending continue.
According to relevant information, Moses plans to lay the foundation officially on April 29, 2003, initially estimated to cost 4.2 billion euros, but today the project budget has risen to 5.5 billion euros, 1.3 billion more than the original overrun. The completion time was also delayed from 2011 to 2022.
According to China Daily in December 2008, Venice was hit by the largest flood in 20 years, when the water level in the city reached 1.56 meters. As this year, a Venetian government spokesman said that there are almost no streets that will not be flooded, water buses are nothing, because the ships platform has been flooded , and the citys lowest St. Marks Square, as this year, is naturally completely flooded. It was reported at the time that the Moses Project was expected to be completed in 2011, and the Venetian government had painfully auctioned 13 Renaissance palaces to raise money.
The flood revived discussions about the Moses plan, the ruling centre-left government was blamed, conservatives criticized the city of Venice for failing to prepare for the flood, and citizens complained that the authorities had not predicted it in time. At that time, Casey Yari, mayor of Venice, said that the government supported plan would be completed on time.
In 2008, Plazza San Marco did not seem to be any different from 2018.
By June 2012, 75% of the projects had been completed and were expected to be completed in 2014, according to the Water-Technology website.
Prosecutors say after three years of investigation, $25 million of Mosesmoney was transferred to overseas accounts to bribe officials. Thirty-five people were eventually arrested, including the mayor of Orson, and the project is not expected to be operational until 2016, with a revised cost of 5.5 billion.
The project budget has been revised to 5 billion 500 million euros (source: MOSE official website).
Between 2013 and 2014, the Venetian Water Authority and its corporate management underwent legal proceedings, and the Italian government intervened in the Moses plan to reappoint three special chief executives at the Venice Water Authority. According to the BBCs report that year, the task of the special administrator was to ensure that Moses planned to be completed by 2018.
According to Wikipedia, as early as June 2013, Moses project has been completed 85%, but the completion of the project has been postponed to 2022. In December 2017, the Italian media LASTAMPA published an article Venice and Moses: the story of failure. The article mentions that after three and a half years of immersion, many gate modules are eroded by marine organisms (such as barnacles), module hinges have the risk of cracking, unable to rise the gate module. And there are many gate modules because of the sediment in the base, can not be recovered, at the same time, there are some problems in the pipeline system. The article concludes that public works designed to protect our land, especially the risks of climate change, are fundamental, but the Moses plan has become a symbol of what is wrong. Source: observer Web Editor: Qiao Jing _NN6607
According to Wikipedia, as early as June 2013, Moses project has been completed 85%, but the completion of the project has been postponed to 2022.
In December 2017, the Italian media LASTAMPA published an article Venice and Moses: the story of failure. The article mentions that after three and a half years of immersion, many gate modules are eroded by marine organisms (such as barnacles), module hinges have the risk of cracking, unable to rise the gate module. And there are many gate modules because of the sediment in the base, can not be recovered, at the same time, there are some problems in the pipeline system.
The article concludes that public works designed to protect our land, especially the risks of climate change, are fundamental, but the Moses plan has become a symbol of what is wrong.