Perhaps readers have a vague impression of the name, but in the memory of the older generation, the name of Wang Guangying and Zhou Enlais red capitalist closely linked to the development of New China history can not be erased a name.
Wang Guangying, Vice-Chairman of the Standing Committee of the Eighth and Ninth National Peoples Congresses, Vice-Chairman of the Sixth and Seventh National Committees of the Chinese Peoples Political Consultative Conference, Member of the Standing Vice-Chairman of the Third Central Committee of the Chinese Democratic Peoples Congress, and Executive Committee of the Fifth and Sixth Sessions of the All-China Federation of Industry and Commerce Vice chairman, honorary chairman of the seventh and eight executive committee. For many people, he is the honorary chairman of the former China Everbright (Group) Corporation.
Liu Shaoji and Hu Yaobang refused to join the party.
Wang Guangying was born in a courtyard on the Old Penalty Street in the western city of Beijing. There were eleven brothers and sisters of the Ying generation. Two of them are well known throughout the country, one is Wang Guangying, the other is his sister, Liu Shaoqis wife Wang Guangmei.
Wang Guangying was born in 1919, when his father was in London, England, to attend the Paris Peace Conference as a member of the Chinese delegation. When he learned that his wife had given birth to a boy, it was the sound of Big Ben bell in London that Wang Guangyings father looked up and saw the Tower of the British Parliament Building, touching the scene and naming his son Wang Guangying.
The Paris Peace Conference later triggered the May 4th Movement, which opened a new page in Chinese history, and Wang Guangyings life has been closely related to the historical process of China since then.
In 1942, he graduated from the Chemistry Department of Fu Jen University and stayed as an assistant. A year later, someone wanted to start a chemical plant and asked Wang Guangying to take a technical stake as a shareholder. In this way, he became a technological capitalist.
During the last two years of the War of Resistance Against Japan, Wang Guangying took the risk of crossing the enemys blockade and transporting batches of military supplies and medical supplies to the Liberated Areas around Pingjin, including those produced by his own chemical plant that could be used to make fuses.
In 1949, the Central Committee of the Communist Party entered Peking, and Liu Shaoji went to see his father-in-law. On that day, Wang Guangying met Liu Shaoji for the first time. He proposed to Liu Shaoqi that he wanted to join the Communist Party of China. After thinking for a while, Liu Shaoqi answered, Workers call capitalists big bellies. Can you dress in big bellies and sit your buttocks on the side of the working class? If you can do this, you will do more to build a new China than to join the Communist Party.
Liu Shaoji and Wang Guangying
Wang Guangying immediately said: I will follow this expectation as my way forward.
Then, can I claim to be a member of the Communist Party after death? Wang Guangying asked.
No, Hu Yaobang answered.
Later, Hu Yaobang wrote a pair of couplets to Wang Guangying: the heart of the people, no matter big or small things; the interests of the world, why much less.
This became Wang Guangyings motto.
Zhou Enlai was called red capitalist.
Although he did not become a member of the Communist Party, it is for this reason that he became an irreplaceable red capitalist.
In 1956, Chinas socialist reform of private industry and Commerce ushered in a climax. On October 29 of that year, Mao Zedong invited all the executive members of the National Federation of Industry and Commerce, who were then meeting, to discuss with Huairentang Hall in Zhongnanhai. Wang Guangying, then secretary-general of the Tianjin Federation of Industry and Commerce, took an active part in the reform. He changed from a capitalist to a public official. The half family of the private partnership.
In 1957, the then Soviet Supreme Soviet President Volochilov visited China. Accompanied by Premier Zhou Enlai, he traveled from northeast to Tianjin for a visit to Shanghai. When the plane stopped at Tianjin Airport, near noon, Premier Zhou Enlai invited Vorosilov and his party to dinner in the VIP lounge of the airport, accompanied by several representatives of the industrial and commercial circles in Tianjin, Wang Guangying was one of them.
During the dinner, Wang Guangying offered a toast to Volochilov at Zhou Enlais beckoning. The other party cheerfully drank a glass and said to him, This is not an ordinary thing. After a long bloody revolution, China has now found an experience of transforming capitalists peacefully without bloodshed. This is of world significance.
After that, Voroshilov hugged Wang Guangying. You embrace a red capitalist. In China, there is no red bourgeoisie, but there are red capitalists, Zhou Enlai said.
Since then, Wang Guangying has the title of red capitalists.
Later, under the influence of Liu Shaoqi, Wang Guangying was detained in Qincheng prison for more than eight years during the Cultural Revolution. The hardest thing to bear in prison is loneliness. Later, Wang Guangying once said with a smile, The only living thing that accompanies me in prison is a spider in the corner of the wall. Probably not many entomologists in the world have observed the birth process of a female spider, but I know that the birth process is 14 days.
Founding China Everbright Group in Hongkong
In 1977, Wang Guangying was rehabilitated and was soon entrusted with heavy responsibility.
In 1979, he served as vice mayor of Tianjin, in charge of Finance and trade. He restored Tianjins old brands and big stores, restored Tianjins unique snacks and cakes, and retained the characteristics of business. He created a commercial street model, in addition to commodity retail stores, but also the development of banks, postal and telecommunications, transportation, restaurants, hotels, repair and other services supporting the industry.
The development of a commercial street has also led to the construction of public security, health, greening and other aspects of Tianjin, Tianjins commerce and trade has been booming. At this time, the central government ordered him to leave Tianjin and go south to the 39th floor of the Far East Financial Building in Hong Kong. He entered a new stage of his life: the founding of China Everbright University (Group) in Hong Kong.
When Everbright opened its business in Hong Kong, newspapers and periodicals at home and abroad used the words Red Capitalist and Red Uncle before Wang Guangyings name.
Later, the Everbright Group is getting better and better. Wang Guangyings popularity in the world is also getting higher and higher. Many international friends became his guests, such as former US President Nixon, former Vice President Mundell, former Secretary of State Kissinger and so on. Takeshita To was the first foreign guest to meet Wang Guangying after he became Prime Minister of Japan. Theres a Wang Guangying from China who asked us Japanese whether we could serve him in any way, Takeshima said to the then Japanese ambassador to China, Nakashima. Later, MITSUBISHI trust and bank invested in China and invested the first in China Everbright company.
It is worth mentioning that in the early 1980s, Deng Xiaoping returned from Japan to talk to Wang Guangying and asked him to build a tall building in Beijing. Deng Xiaopings words were brief, but Wang Guangying immediately understood what he meant and quickly created the famous Beijing-Guangzhou Center. This comprehensive building, 52 floors above ground and 3 floors below ground, is a combination of five-star hotels, high-grade office buildings and luxury apartments. Before 1989, it belonged to the tallest building in China. As soon as the building was on top, Deng Xiaoping came up to inspect it. He looked down at Beijing and said: Development is the hard task. This sentence was later published in public: development is the absolute principle. Wang Guangyings Guangda Company has joined in the construction of five buildings and hotels in China, as well as large-scale construction projects such as reclamation of land from the sea and Jiangmen Bridge Project. The source of this article: editor in charge of political circles: Qiao Jing _NN6607
It is worth mentioning that in the early 1980s, Deng Xiaoping returned from Japan to talk to Wang Guangying and asked him to build a tall building in Beijing. Deng Xiaopings words were brief, but Wang Guangying immediately understood what he meant and quickly created the famous Beijing-Guangzhou Center.
This comprehensive building, 52 floors above ground and 3 floors below ground, is a combination of five-star hotels, high-grade office buildings and luxury apartments. Before 1989, it belonged to the tallest building in China.
As soon as the building was on top, Deng Xiaoping came up to inspect it. He looked down at Beijing and said: Development is the hard task. This sentence was later published in public: development is the absolute principle.
Wang Guangyings Guangda Company has joined in the construction of five buildings and hotels in China, as well as large-scale construction projects such as reclamation of land from the sea and Jiangmen Bridge Project.