South Koreas Defense Ministry announced on August 1 that it would increase the proportion of women servicemen from 5.5% in 2017 (10,097) to 8.8% in 2022 (17,043). The number of female officers and sergeants in South Korea was only 2,085 in 1999, more than 10,000 in 2016, and is expected to exceed 10,960 by the end of 2018. In order to adapt to the growing trend of the female military force, the Ministry of National Defense revised the Qualification Standards for Company Chiefs, abolished the restrictions on women serving in grass-roots companies, and even female corporals could serve as squad chiefs of the frontline combat forces. Formerly, the Ministry of Defence of South Korea did not allow women to serve in policy organs (Ministry of Defense, Joint Staff Headquarters, Joint Command, Headquarters of all military services) for reasons of inexperience and low reserves of female talent pool. In order to cope with the vacancies of women servicemen on maternity leave and childbirth, the Korean Army has set up a special substitution human resource pool to absorb a large number of women servicemen. At the same time, the number of Korean military kindergartens increased from 125 in 2017 to 164 in 2022.
With the expansion of the female military group, the Korean armys neutrality scandal continued. In July 2018, the South Korean Navy, the Army and the Air Force almost simultaneously sexually assaulted womens subordinates at higher levels, of whom the Army was also a division commander. The Ministry of Defence of the Republic of Korea set up a new Gender Equality Commission and a sexual violence control agency with experts in September 2008, but the effect is not yet known. Public opinion advocates that if we want to eliminate such incidents, it is more necessary for male commanders to have sex education.
Although South Koreas Ministry of Defense has offered courses on sexual attitudes in Sergeant schools and social lecturers have taught them in recruit training, it is not helpful to change the basic knowledge of male commanders about female subordinates, which is the result of thousands of years of cultural inertia. Based on this, some people criticized the policy of gradually blurring the differences between male and female soldiers in the Korean Army. They believed that dispatching female soldiers to the grass-roots level without considering the physiological differences between men and women was the direct cause of the continuous sexual assault.
In the face of an increasingly large group of women servicemen and a series of sexual assault scandals, South Koreas Ministry of Defenses gender equality policy may face a severe test. (author / Li Kekuan)
Information map: Korean female soldiers. The source of this article: Reference News Editor: Zou yuan _NBJS7274