This sentence has been apologized for more than a hundred years, which has made Vancouver Chinese get wet. Luo Pinxin (middle) and the former Chinese city of Vancouver MP Ye Wu Meggie (right), Yu Hongrong, respectively, in English and Chinese Cantonese dialect, the dialect of four Yi read the apology. (graph self - Vision China) Apology in Chinese Dialect Considering that as an apology, the early overseas Chinese who made a living in Vancouver were mostly from the Guangdong Taishan area. While reading the content of the apology in Luos credit English, Hua Yuan, Meggie and Yu Hongrong, the MP of the city, read the Chinese version of the apology in the Guangfu dialect and the four Yi dialects respectively. Luo Pinxin, mayor of Vancouver, said: I am very supportive of this series of actions by the City Council and apologized for the discrimination against Chinese people who have been in the leadership positions in Vancouver. These acts have had a tragic impact on many people, and some of the effects have still not been completely eliminated and (discriminatory behavior) should be condemned. Chinese and overseas Chinese at home and abroad jointly witness this moment that is enough to go down in the annals of history. Representatives of the three generation of Chinese and youth representatives from Vancouvers China society spoke at the ceremony to respond to the apology of the authorities. Many municipal councillors spoke in praise of the contributions of the Chinese people and the hardships encountered by the Chinese first overseas Chinese. There were Chinese participants and city councillors to tears. The diagram shows the English text of the apology on the scene screen. Lei Jianhua, who was a member of the Vancouver municipal councillor (right), was choked when he spoke. A large number of Chinese workers went to Canada to repair the railway in the late Qing Dynasty In recent years, many countries have apologized to the former anti Chinese behavior, while people have explored the reasons behind them, they also uncovered a history of a hundred years of Chinese laborers bitter and bitter tears. The history of Canadian Chinese workers goes back to the end of the Qing Dynasty. In the late nineteenth Century, the Chinese war continued and the national strength declined. Occasionally, a piece of news about Canadas recruitment of workers to build railways has spread all over the streets and corners of Chinas southeastern coastal provinces. Because incomes are higher than domestic, a large number of civilians sell their land and raise their toll to Canada. In order to reach Canada, these Chinese laborers paid their lives. According to the British colonialists, there was a ship carrying Chinese workers from Hongkong in 1860. The number of ships on board was 280. After more than two months of voyage, only 68 people arrived in the Canadian mean province (British Columbia province). Though the voyage is so difficult, there are still a large number of Chinese laborers going on and on. Their efforts have achieved the integrity of the Canadian territory. The Chinese laborer who participated in the construction of the Canadian Pacific Railway (1909) was a cultural relic of the Guangdong Provincial Museum. (graph self - Vision China) In the late nineteenth Century, a large number of Chinese workers participated in the construction of the Canadian Pacific Railway, which was regarded as one of the most important projects of the country in the early days of the founding of the nation. About 15 thousand Chinese were involved in the construction of the project. About more than 4000 of the Chinese workers were killed in the construction because of the hard working conditions. Some people say that under the sleepers of every kilometre of the Pacific Railway there is a ghost of a Chinese laborer. However, after the completion of the 1885 railway, the government did not let any Chinese workers participate in the celebration of the last nail. Instead, it unveiled the prelude to the exclusion of Chinese. The famous picture the last spike is not allowed to participate in the scene. Canadian history of Chinese Exclusion: unwelcome hard-working In 1885, the Chinese Immigration Ordinance, which had obvious discrimination against the Chinese, was introduced. The bill requires Chinese people to pay extra head tax when they enter the country. Since then, as the bill continues to be revised, the amount of head tax has doubled, the peak of 500 Canadian dollars in 1903, equivalent to a Chinese workers 2 year salary in Canada. During the implementation of the head tax law, Canada had asked more than 80 thousand Chinese to obtain a head tax of about $23 million, a amount comparable to the cost of building a whole Pacific Railway. The immigration certificate obtained by the Chinese after paying the poll tax. (figure from China New Society) In 1923, Canada became more and more serious, replacing the head tax with the exclusion of China. The Chinese workers and their families were isolated from the Canadian layout. Even the Chinese who had British nationality were no exception. The Chinese workers who had been involved in road building were completely unwelcome hard-working. When Vancouver formally established its market in April 6, 1886, anti China exclusion activities began. From 1886 to 1947, Vancouver carried out a number of policies to discriminate against Chinese, such as depriving Chinese of the right to vote and citizen, restricting Chinese immigrants, restricting the opportunity for Chinese to make a living in a number of fields, and implementing a policy of segregation against Chinese in houses and public places. In modern history, Canada has always shown a mild attitude. Why is there such a wave of Chinese exclusion? There are two aspects of the analysis. One is the racial discrimination of the Chinese in the mainstream society. They believe that the Chinese people make money and are uncivilized. The two is the arrival of Chinese laborers, cutting the job opportunities of the white people and affecting their income. The two elements intertwined together to promote the passage of a number of Chinese Exclusion laws. The officials of the Qing government negotiated the weak state without diplomacy Since ancient times, the competition between the state and the state has followed the jungle rule, and the national strength is the foundation to uphold the dignity of a nation. At the end of the Qing Dynasty, the state was poor and weak, and the situation of Chinese in overseas was full of bitterness. In the face of the wave of Canadian exclusion, officials in the Qing Dynasty also rushed to negotiate. Canada also established a non-governmental organization to deal with anti China activities. The Chinese group shouted, though the voice was very weak. In 1876, Qing Dynasty official Guo Songtao sent to Britain, hoping that the British government could improve the situation of overseas Chinese in Canada, and Canada was still a British colony. Subsequently, many Qing diplomats made representations, but in the context of Canadas rising Chinese sentiment, negotiations failed. In 1896, Li Hongzhang, a dignitaries of the Qing Dynasty, visited North America. His main purpose was to help foreigners and their host governments negotiate and improve the treatment of overseas Chinese. In the face of the media interview, Li Hongzhang said, Canada intends to increase the Chinese entry tax, which is not reasonable. The Chinese should enjoy equal status under the Sino British treaty. However, the weak country has no diplomacy, the country is weak and the people are low, and the visit of Li Hongzhang, the government of the Qing government, has received official reception from the Canadian government, but it does not prevent the government from further implementing measures to restrict Chinese immigration. Canadian Chinese held their immigration papers after their father paid the poll tax in 1918. Chinese and Chinese use hard work to scour humiliation From nineteenth Century to twenty-first Century, Chinese people spent hundreds of years to wash away the humiliation of the past. Generations of Chinese have become rich and active in a foreign country, and gradually won the respect of the mainstream society. What is echoed with it is the growing strength of Chinas national strength and the change in the role of global governance - in many fields, the original followers are gradually transformed into leaders. It is precisely because of this change in objective role that the international community has been reflecting from the exclusion of China. In 2006, Canadian Prime Minister Harper apologized to the Chinese people about the poll tax policy. Before Vancouver, Canada, British Columbia and New Westminster all apologized to the Chinese for the history of the dishonorable history of exclusion. Vancouvers road of apology has gone through nearly 4 years since its proposal was put into practice. In May 2014, Lei Jianhua, a member of the Vancouver Municipal Committee, put forward a motion to study Wens past policy of discriminating against the Chinese people, which was unanimously approved by the Municipal Council. In 2016 and 2017, the Vancouver municipal government, the Municipal Council and the Chinese and non Chinese community leaders consulted a number of consultations to discuss how to apologize for the history of Chinas policy on the exclusion of China. It was not until November 2017 that the Vancouver City Council passed the apology report on discrimination against Chinese history. The report suggests that the Vancouver municipal government should make a formal apology to the Chinese community on the history of discrimination and support the 12 proposals of the Vancouver Chinatown to apply for the integration of the world cultural heritage. All countries in the world reflect on past exclusion history in the form of apology, while the Chinese face up to the humiliation history of early immigrants in the way of remembering. According to incomplete statistics, nearly 50 Chinese Chinese Museum of overseas Chinese history, Museum of overseas Chinese and other Chinese Chinese museums, memorial halls and exhibition halls have been found all over the world. The humiliating history of the old times has been discolated and replaced by the image of the new big country, which has been raised to the chest and with a great stride. But the echo of history is still knocking the heart of the Chinese today in another way: to win the international communitys respect and the right to speak at any time and place is still the goal of all the Chinese people. Source: CCTV news editor: Ji Xue Ying _NN6784 All countries in the world reflect on past exclusion history in the form of apology, while the Chinese face up to the humiliation history of early immigrants in the way of remembering. According to incomplete statistics, nearly 50 Chinese Chinese Museum of overseas Chinese history, Museum of overseas Chinese and other Chinese Chinese museums, memorial halls and exhibition halls have been found all over the world. The humiliating history of the old times has been discolated and replaced by the image of the new big country, which has been raised to the chest and with a great stride. But the echo of history is still knocking the heart of the Chinese today in another way: to win the international communitys respect and the right to speak at any time and place is still the goal of all the Chinese people.