In addition to the news of Li Yongs death, a 92 year old man died today.

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 In addition to the news of Li Yongs death, a 92 year old man died today.


In 1953, after graduating from the Chinese Department of Shandong University, Li Xifan went to the faculty research class of Renmin University of China as a postgraduate student. In early 1955, the Ministry of literature and art was transferred to the peoples daily. In 1986, he was deputy executive director of the Chinese Academy of Arts. He has been engaged in literary criticism and research for many years, including The Collection of Comments on the Dream of Red Mansions, On the Artistic Image of Chinese Classical Novels, On Lu Xuns Five Literary Creations, Li Xifans Selections of Literary Review (Contemporary).

Li Xifan has always been focusing on the hot issues of the study of the Red Mansions, and in his later years he criticized the view that Cao Xueqin was not the author of A Dream of Red Mansions.

In response to some voices questioning whether Cao Xueqin was the author, Li Xifan once said, Now the author of A Dream of Red Mansions has become 65. Last year, I wrote a short essay entitled Cao Xueqins creation of a dream of Red Mansions. On the 300th anniversary of his birth, we have no major action. Maybe next year, Cao Xueqin will not be the author of A Dream of Red Mansions. Maybe there will be 100 creators. This is ridiculous.

Political News noted that in the 1950s, young Li Xifan published a Dream of Red Mansions commentary article, was praised by Mao Zedong.

In 1954, Li Xifan, a postgraduate student at Renmin University of China, read Yu Pingbos Brief Introduction to a Dream of Red Mansions. After reading it, Li Xifan, then 27, and his friend Lan Ling, jointly wrote A Brief Introduction to the Dream of Red Mansions and A Review of the Study of the Dream of Red Mansions, and launched an academic criticism of Yu Pingbo.

In September 1954, the two articles were published in the school magazine of Shandong University, Wenshizhe, and the supplement of Guangming Daily, Literary Heritage.

According to Guangming Daily, after reading the article, Mao Zedong praised the academic opinions of two young literary men and their daring to challenge authority, calling it the first serious open fire in more than 30 years to study the wrong opinions of authoritative writers from the so-calledDream of Red Mansions.

On October 16 of that year, Mao Zedong wrote a letter on the study of A Dream of Red Mansions, enclosing these two articles for circulation by senior Party members and leaders of the literary and artistic circles.

The literary and artistic circles then launched a large-scale ideological criticism movement, from October 31, 1954 to December 8, 1954, the Chinese Federation of Nations and the Chinese Association for Cooperative Presidency of a record joint meeting, intermittently opened for more than a month. Zheng Zhendo, Wu Zhenzheng, Laoshe, Guo Moruo, Mao Dun, Zhou Yang, Ding Ling, Peoples Daily and Literature and Art Daily all participated.

The meeting pointed out that many newspapers and organs, such as the Literature and Art Newspaper, liked great fame, ignored little people and wrongly suppressed little people criticism of academic authority with bourgeois aristocratic patriarchal attitude. The meeting criticized Yu Pingbos academic viewpoints and research methods, and then criticized Hu Shis bourgeois idealism.

After the great criticism, Li Xifan and Lan Ling were transferred to the Ministry of literature and art of the peoples daily.

In the autumn of 1956, Wang Meng published his novel The New Young People in the Organization Department in Peoples Literature. Li Xifan then published a novel Commenting on Wang Mengs New Young People in the Organization Department in Wen Hui Bao, disputing Wang Mengs novel.

For this reason, Chairman Mao criticized me for divorcing myself from the masses, and as soon as I arrived at the newspaper, I became a mother-in-law, suitable to go back to school and teach and study. I hasten to write to Chairman Mao that he is not good at words and does not want to teach. At that time, I was a well-known militant who never hid his views and made a lot of misfortunes for it. Li Xifan later admitted that the criticism of Wang Mengs articles was biased.

According to the Guangming Daily, Li Xifan also refused Jiang Qings request and did not criticize the new historical play Hai Ruis strike politically.

On November 10, 1965, Shanghai Wen Hui Bao published Yao Wenyuans Comment on the New Historical Drama Hai Rui Going Officer Strike. Before that, Jiang Qing had found Li Xifan and hoped that he would finish this article. Because of his political stupidity and his insistence on the conscience and character of scholars, Li Xifan failed to write such a far-fetched essay on class struggle as Yao Wenyuan did.

Years later, Li Xifan commented, The fierce contradictions and conflicts described in Yao Wenyuans essay are neither understood in the play nor felt in the social reality. The historical background he talked about in his essay is something that I, a bookworm, did not realize.

After that, Li Xifan was criticized and two entered the cadre school for labor transformation. During this period, he worked in the daytime and burned the lamp in the cabin at night. He wrote two monographs on Lu Xun, The Thought and Art of Screaming and The Voice of a Great Seeker.

After the Cultural Revolution, in 1986, Li Xifan was transferred to the Chinese Academy of Arts under the Ministry of Culture as executive vice-president and left his 32-year editorial post in the Peoples Daily. During his work, he presided over the compilation of the dictionary of the dream of Red Mansions and the great history of Chinese art. Among them, General History of Chinese Art is a major national subject of art and science, which lasted 10 years, filling the blank of art and science research in China. Looking back on the past, Li Xifan said, Ideological and academic problems are very complex problems belonging to the spiritual world. Academia should pay more attention to discussion, equal consultation, and take a critical movement to solve them. It is easy to become simple and one-sided. No one can erase Chairman Mao Zedongs great historical achievements. Without Mao Zedong Thought, there would be no victory of the Chinese revolution and the birth of the Chinese nation. The source of this article: News editor of political affairs: Ji Xue Ying _NN6784

After the Cultural Revolution, in 1986, Li Xifan was transferred to the Chinese Academy of Arts under the Ministry of Culture as executive vice-president and left his 32-year editorial post in the Peoples Daily. During his work, he presided over the compilation of the dictionary of the dream of Red Mansions and the great history of Chinese art.

Among them, General History of Chinese Art is a major national subject of art and science, which lasted 10 years, filling the blank of art and science research in China.

Looking back on the past, Li Xifan said, Ideological and academic problems are very complex problems belonging to the spiritual world. Academia should pay more attention to discussion, equal consultation, and take a critical movement to solve them. It is easy to become simple and one-sided. No one can erase Chairman Mao Zedongs great historical achievements. Without Mao Zedong Thought, there would be no victory of the Chinese revolution and the birth of the Chinese nation.