Information map: visitors experience the computer operating system at the Internet light fair. Sheng Jiapeng, a journalist from China China News Agency Gao Bo In computers and mobile phones, the operating system is like a general manager. Every time the power is turned on, the operating system is first installed. It commands all kinds of hardware to work according to the actions of users. The computing requirements of software are issued to all kinds of hardware through operation system translation. But China does not have its own operating system. The lack of self-developed operation system is not only the pain point in China, but also the power system used by Britain, Russia, Japan, Germany and India. The operating system is a natural monopoly, and the winner will eat. The American ancestors took a step to occupy a high point. Its easy to look, and its accumulated for many years. It is not difficult to write an operating system. College students can also develop simple operating systems. Moreover, the Linux systems source code is open and easy to use, and with a slight change, it can develop a set of its own operating system. However, like a car, it is difficult to design a four wheel platform, but the appearance is not difficult to design, but running up shows that a good car can not be built at will. IT critic, Shi Lei, founder of the original technology ecology media, said WPDang. If the cell phones operating system is a novice, Im afraid it will be out of power in an hour. Shi Lei said, we generally use Android and other operating systems, which can be calculated with the least electricity, the most reasonable frequency and the shortest time. A simple behavior of users, such as typing two words into WeChat, can be transformed into a series of instructions, to CPU, etc. If the operating system fails, it will crash. The wisdom of the operating system is hidden in a line of program statements. Code can not see the advantages and disadvantages at first glance, but execution is also ten thousand lines of code, some of which are constantly defective, and some are perfect to avoid all traps. The gap comes from the accumulation of manpower and money. Many patents of Microsoft and apple were trial and error. Later, it will be found that only this road is successful. Shi Lei said. American advantages: 50 post programmers and 70 post companies Shi Lei said that the reason why the United States monopolized the operation system is simple: it started early. The advantage of the mobile phone operating system stems from the personal computer era. The advantages of apple and Microsoft began in 1970s, laying the foundation for todays technology. Shi Lei, for example, is Google based on Linux, which is licensed by Android to all mobile phone factories. But Microsoft has made a big fortune on Andrew, collecting patent fees from many mobile phones and PAD manufacturers, a few dollars to a dozen dollars for a device, and Linux cant be avoided because of the patents it applied for DOS in 1980s. Todays software must also be compatible with the underlying file system developed by Microsoft decades ago. Forty years ago, most excellent programmers were in the US, so all kinds of standards in the personal computer era were founded by the United States. Just like a foreign engine is doing well because there are a group of skilled technicians. Developing the operating system also requires skilled technicians, that is, programmers. Shi Lei said he often went to the United States to participate in the developer conference, and found that the biggest difference between the United States and China is that programmers are familiar with post 50 and post 60. A lot of white haired developers have been exposed to computers since childhood, and there are other programmers whose father is a programmer. Shi Lei said. When Chinese universities came out of the first batch of programmers, the computer department of American universities had trained more than 30 graduates. Shi Lei said that ordinary people see the prosperity of Chinas IT industry, and think that the technology gap is not large, but in fact it is not. The operating system has no market, but self research can be emergency. There are hundreds of big brands in the car industry. The operating system of mobile phones and personal computers is monopolized by three American companies. Market research firm Gartner released data this year, showing that the market share of Android system reached 85.9% in 2017, and apple IOS was 14%. Only 0.1% of the other systems are. That 0.1% is basically from the United States: Microsofts Windows and blackberry. Samsung launched the Tizen system in 2013 to try to break the monopoly, but Samsung mobile is still using Android. Shi Lei said that Androids rise was due to historical opportunities and Googles vision. In 2008, the apple handset was just launched, and Google realized that the big screen era was coming, so the free and open source system was first made to make many cell phone manufacturers taste sweet and expand the market with Android. There is little room in the field of operating systems, because software vendors make money and develop versions only for the most popular operating systems. Without Google paving the way, smart phones will not be so popular, and the price of free use of Android by Chinese mobile phone manufacturers is that they can always be off the grain at any time. In 2012, HUAWEI founder Ren Zhengfei, in response to no ecological space, why do the terminal operating system said, should try to use foreign good things as far as possible, including high-end chips and operating systems, but have a strategic backup, when other people break our food, backup system to be able to use. Source: ScienceDaily daily, editor of China Science and Technology Net: Bai Xin _NT4464 Shi Lei said that Androids rise was due to historical opportunities and Googles vision. In 2008, the apple handset was just launched, and Google realized that the big screen era was coming, so the free and open source system was first made to make many cell phone manufacturers taste sweet and expand the market with Android. There is little room in the field of operating systems, because software vendors make money and develop versions only for the most popular operating systems. In 2012, HUAWEI founder Ren Zhengfei, in response to no ecological space, why do the terminal operating system said, should try to use foreign good things as far as possible, including high-end chips and operating systems, but have a strategic backup, when other people break our food, backup system to be able to use.