Annual report of entrepreneurs corruption crimes: 150 people exempt from punishment, no one sentenced to death

category:Global
 Annual report of entrepreneurs corruption crimes: 150 people exempt from punishment, no one sentenced to death


The foregoing report holds that entrepreneurs in China are facing a high risk of criminal risk, and their awareness of prevention and prevention and control need to be improved. Especially under the high pressure of national anti-corruption policy, the scale of criminal risk triggered by entrepreneurs is increasing. Surging news has noticed that over the past four years, crimes committed by state owned entrepreneurs are basically the same with high frequency crimes, mostly related to corruption. In 2017, the top five crimes of corruption in state owned enterprises were bribery, corruption, misappropriation of public funds, crime of privately dividing state assets and bribery. The report points out that, from the perspective of applicable penalty distribution, the majority are fixed-term imprisonment, and the number of capital punishment and life imprisonment is very few. The death penalty was not applied in 2017. The two reports are from the China entrepreneur crime prevention research center, Beijing Normal University (hereinafter referred to as the center). Since 2012, the center has made statistical research on the related data of entrepreneur crime. Since 2014, the center has adjusted the sampling frame to retrieve the case of entrepreneur crime from the criminal judgment case published on the Internet of the Chinese referee. The problem of the authority and reliability of the sample is solved. The proportion of entrepreneurs corruption and bribery has increased, and bribery has become the main form of corruption. Among these entrepreneurs, there are 2292 entrepreneurs involved in crime. Among them, there are 328 state-owned entrepreneurs and 1964 private entrepreneurs. From a gender perspective, the proportion of male crime entrepreneurs is far higher than that of female entrepreneurs, which is close to 4.7:1. In terms of age, the age of 40-49 and 50-59 is the two stage of the high incidence of entrepreneurs crime. The report points out that in 2017, 84 specific charges were involved in the crime of entrepreneurs, of which 29 specific charges were involved in the state-owned entrepreneurs, and the private entrepreneurs involved 75 specific charges. The first ten high frequency charges of entrepreneurs crime are: illegal absorption of public deposits, false invoices of VAT tax, crime of cheating export tax rebates, mortgage tax invoices, crime of bribery in units, crime of duty encroachment, bribery, crime of contract fraud, crime of corruption, the crime of refusing to pay remuneration for labor, the crime of misappropriation of funds, and bribery crime. The crime of offering bribes and offering bribes occupy the overwhelming majority of the crime of corruption and bribery by private entrepreneurs. In 2017, the most common crimes committed by private entrepreneurs were: Crimes of disrupting the socialist market economic order, crimes against property, corruption and bribery. The report points out that the number and proportion of corruption and bribery by private entrepreneurs is increasing rapidly, and the frequency and the proportion of the crime of bribery and bribery are very considerable. The transfer of interests and accepting bribes have become the most important manifestation of the current corruption crime, and it is necessary to compress the living space of the power seeking and the right and money trading. The industry itself should establish a management system suited to its own situation and replace the rule of law with the rule of law. For state-owned entrepreneurs, the three crimes committed most frequently in 2017 are the crime of bribery, corruption and misappropriation of public funds, of which the frequency and proportion of the crime of bribery are far higher than the other crimes. The number of corruption crimes of state-owned entrepreneurs is larger and presents a trend of increasing year by year. Bribery has taken the place of corruption as the most important form of corruption crime of state-owned entrepreneurs. The report suggests that the mechanism for the crime prevention of corruption in state-owned enterprises remains to be perfected. The key to the governance is to prevent and punish the acceptance of bribery. Through the rules and regulations, the authority of the state-owned enterprises managers should be rationally limited, and the openness and transparency of the state-owned enterprises operating activities are improved. It is worth mentioning that compared with 2016, the proportion of entrepreneurs who violate the crime of corruption and bribery has increased significantly. The report believes that this phenomenon may have a certain relationship with the recent iron wrist anti corruption policy of the party and the state. The increase in the number of crimes against corruption and bribery by entrepreneurs reflects objectively the achievements of the fight against corruption in our country. 150 criminal entrepreneurs were exempted from punishment and no one was sentenced to death. On the other hand, 1987 criminal entrepreneurs were sentenced to fixed-term imprisonment (261 state entrepreneurs and 1726 private entrepreneurs), accounting for 86.7% of the total number of criminal entrepreneurs, of which 855 were sentenced to probation (82 state entrepreneurs and 773 private entrepreneurs), and 18 criminal entrepreneurs were sentenced to life imprisonment (2 of state-owned entrepreneurs, 16 private entrepreneurs). In addition to exemption from criminal punishment and application of the principal penalty, 14 other persons were fined for punishment (1 state-owned entrepreneurs and 13 private entrepreneurs). The report also showed that the 2017 year entrepreneur was sentenced to death. It is the general trend to reduce the number of life imprisonment and death penalty for criminal entrepreneurs, reduce or even abolish the application of capital punishment. The report indicates that China has implemented the basic death penalty policy that strictly controls the death penalty in judicial practice. However, it is noteworthy that in 2015 and 2016, entrepreneurs were found guilty of corruption and bribery. Among them, in 2015, entrepreneurs were sentenced to death for accepting bribes. In 2016, entrepreneurs were also sentenced to death for embezzlement. At the same time, the report also analyzes the incubation period of entrepreneurs corruption charges. The latent period of high frequency charges of state owned entrepreneurs is longer. The report points out that, in particular, the crime of bribery, corruption and misappropriation of public funds has appeared over 15 years or more than 20 years of super long incubation period. It shows that the mechanism of the discovery of corruption cases in the anti corruption work still needs to be further established and improved. However, the latent period of high frequency crime of corruption crime of private enterprises is relatively concentrated, the latent period of nearly 1/4 of the crime of bribery and bribery of units has reached more than 10 years. The crime of occupying duty, the crime of misappropriation of funds, and the crime of accepting bribes of non state workers about nine of Chengdu are concentrated for less than 10 years. It is worth mentioning that entrepreneurial crime also shows regional characteristics. Of the previous 2292 entrepreneurs crimes, there are 2260 enterprises where the crime is located, involving 32 provinces in the country (municipalities, autonomous regions or special administrative regions). The top ten crimes were Jiangsu, Guangdong, Henan, Shandong, Shanghai, Anhui, Hebei, Hubei, Hunan and Sichuan. In addition, the report also listed ten major cases of entrepreneur crime in 2017, including Zhao Shaolin, Zhao Jin and son bribe case, Tengxin bribe case, Huang Hongming bribery Wan Qingliang, Zhong Jinsong case, NVC founder Wu Changjiang misappropriation funds, job embezzlement case, Beijing letter company bribery case, e rented treasure illegal fund-raising case, Qu long, Qu long. Job encroachment case, the former deputy secretary of the National Development Bank, the head of Yao Zhongmin, the former chairman of the Shanxi coal import and Export Group, Guo Hai, the sixteen Bureau of China Railway, Xiao Jia Wa coal mine railway special line project manager Liu Mou. The source of this article: surging news editor: Li Tian Yi _NN7528 It is worth mentioning that entrepreneurial crime also shows regional characteristics. Of the previous 2292 entrepreneurs crimes, there are 2260 enterprises where the crime is located, involving 32 provinces in the country (municipalities, autonomous regions or special administrative regions). The top ten crimes were Jiangsu, Guangdong, Henan, Shandong, Shanghai, Anhui, Hebei, Hubei, Hunan and Sichuan. In addition, the report also listed ten major cases of entrepreneur crime in 2017, including Zhao Shaolin, Zhao Jin and son bribe case, Tengxin bribe case, Huang Hongming bribery Wan Qingliang, Zhong Jinsong case, NVC founder Wu Changjiang misappropriation funds, job embezzlement case, Beijing letter company bribery case, e rented treasure illegal fund-raising case, Qu long, Qu long. Job encroachment case, the former deputy secretary of the National Development Bank, the head of Yao Zhongmin, the former chairman of the Shanxi coal import and Export Group, Guo Hai, the sixteen Bureau of China Railway, Xiao Jia Wa coal mine railway special line project manager Liu Mou.