At the third plenary meeting of the Seventh Central Committee of the DPRKs Labor Party in April 20th, the DPRKs top leader, Kim Jeong-eun, announced that the DPRK would stop the nuclear test and the intercontinental ballistic missile launch test from April 21, 2018, according to the Third Plenary Session of the Seventh Central Committee of the Korean Labor Party. The report also points out that North Korea will abandon the North nuclear test ground and put into the international goal and effort to discontinue nuclear disarmament in the world, and the conference also decides to mobilize the human resources and material resources of the DPRK to concentrate its efforts on the struggle for the development of socialist economy and the improvement of the living standards of the people. . At the same time, the DPRK will actively engage in close contacts and dialogues with neighboring countries and the international community. For the statement made by the DPRK, China, the United States and Japan all expressed positive responses at the first time. Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Lu genera said that the decision of the DPRK will help to further ease the situation on the peninsula and help promote the process of the denuclearization of the peninsula and the political settlement of the Peninsula issue. Achieving the denuclearization of the peninsula and lasting peace in the region are in line with the common interests of the people in the peninsula and in the region as well as the common expectation of the international community. He also said that China will continue to play an active role in this regard. Why did the DPRK make such a statement before that? Does this mean that North Korea will abandon nuclear weapons altogether? What is the purpose of the DPRK? What kind of positive role will China play in this process? To this end, www.thepaper.cn visited Liu Ming, deputy director of the Institute of international studies, Shanghai Academy of social sciences. Surging news: Why did North Korea choose to stop nuclear test and intercontinental ballistic missile launching test at this time? Whats the consideration? Does this mean that North Korea is willing to abandon its nuclear weapons completely? Liu Ming: North Korea chose to announce the abandonment at this time in order to have more space to negotiate in the future, the United States and the DPRK, and to promote other countries to recognize themselves as nuclear countries in another way. One important thing to note is that the position of the DPRK also plays a very important role in mobilizing the country. Since North Korea has been developing nuclear weapons and announcing itself as a nuclear country, North Koreans are now very puzzled about why North Korea is suddenly going to negotiate with the United States, and it will help Kim Jeong-eun to further mobilize its nationals at home. Hold his diplomatic action. But this does not mean that the DPRK will give up its nuclear weapons immediately, although the US hopes to push North Korea to abandon its nuclear weapons in a short time. The DPRK will not abandon its nuclear power after a series of appeals can be guaranteed, including the establishment of diplomatic relations with the United States before, making it a normal country, the international community easing sanctions on the DPRK, helping the DPRK to further develop its own economy, and so on. It takes years or even longer during this period. Surging news: does North Korea make such statements and economic sanctions? Liu Ming: North Koreas stance is not only because of diplomatic considerations, but also one of the sanctions. DPRK knows that in the eve of negotiations, it is better to define itself in accordance with other countries. On the other hand, the DPRK is also very aware that the role of the international community in sanctions on the DPRK will be gradually exerted. Once it does not abandon its nuclear and sanctions, then the DPRKs economy will be in a very difficult position. Surging news: what role will China play in future negotiations? Liu Ming: from the previous to the present situation, we can see that the United States and North Korea are constantly interacting and playing games, and China has also put forward a temporary arrangement of double pause to ease the situation in a very tense situation. The core of this problem is that the DPRK hopes to satisfy a series of negotiations through a series of negotiations, so China will play a more important role in the negotiation process of the US and the DPRK for some time in the future. At present, the United States, the DPRK, and the South Korea are keeping close ties with China, especially the DPRK clearly knows that if they are to be able to recognize their own ideas in the process of negotiating with the United States, there must be Chinas support, and the DPRK must negotiate with China. Without the support of China, there is no discussion with China in advance. In the process of negotiating with the United States, the North Korean claims will be greatly reduced, which is determined by the geographical location and international situation of the DPRK. Surging news: the DPRK points out that the future should focus on the strategic line of all forces for socialist economic construction. Does this mean that the DPRK hopes to open further in the future? Liu Ming: in the future, how to open the DPRK will need further study and judgement in the light of the development of the peninsula situation. However, it seems that even if the reform and opening up will take place in the future, the reform may be very limited. North Korea may further develop its domestic economy after the abandonment of its nuclear power. Future reforms will continue, for example, by further setting up special economic zones to reform the domestic economy and improving the livelihood of the people, but in general, the reform will be limited, and the opening is limited, and it will take longer. The source of this article: surging news editor: Yang Qiang _NN6027 Surging news: the DPRK points out that the future should focus on the strategic line of all forces for socialist economic construction. Does this mean that the DPRK hopes to open further in the future? Liu Ming: in the future, how to open the DPRK will need further study and judgement in the light of the development of the peninsula situation. However, it seems that even if the reform and opening up will take place in the future, the reform may be very limited. North Korea may further develop its domestic economy after the abandonment of its nuclear power. Future reforms will continue, for example, by further setting up special economic zones to reform the domestic economy and improving the livelihood of the people, but in general, the reform will be limited, and the opening is limited, and it will take longer.