Q: in April 19th, the new National Peoples Congress of Cuba formally elected a new national leader. Raul Castro was the head of state. The first vice chairman of the former State Council and the first vice chairman of the Council of ministers, Miguel, Diaz Caner, was elected president of the new State Council and Chairman of the Council of ministers. . How do you comment on this? The friendship between the middle and the ancient is profound and the foundation of cooperation is solid. We sincerely hope that the road to the development of socialism in Cuba is wider and wider, and it is believed that Cuba will continue to make a loud voice on the international and regional stage. Q: first, it is reported that earlier this month, 3 Australian warships encountered challenges from Chinese warships crossing the South China Sea. Can China introduce the specific situation? Second, the Australian government said that the Australian side has the right to launch freedom of navigation and will continue to exercise this right in the future. What is the response of the Chinese side to this? A: on the first question, I am not clear about what the Australian side refers to in terms of challenge. Please understand this question to the Ministry of defense. On the second issue, China has always respected and actively protected the freedom of navigation and freedom that all countries enjoy under the international law in the South China Sea. If the Australian side refers to the normal freedom of navigation according to international law, there is no problem. If the Australian side has any other ideas on this issue, we hope that the Australian side should face up to the current momentum of stabilizing the South China Sea and work together with China and other regional countries to maintain peace and stability in the South China Sea region and to inject more positive energy into the region. Q: first, it is reported that India Prime Minister Modi said in London this week that Pakistan is a terrorist export factory. How do you comment on this? Second, will the Shanghai Cooperation Organization foreign ministers meeting discuss the counter-terrorism agenda next Monday in Beijing? Will China support the SCO member states to take measures to crack down on terrorists in their territory? A: on the first issue, terrorism is a public enemy of the international community, and all sides should strengthen cooperation and join hands to deal with it. We hope that the international community will actively support Pakistans counter-terrorism efforts and continue to work effectively with Pakistan in the field of counter-terrorism. With regard to the second issue, safeguarding the security and stability of the region and promoting the common development and prosperity of the member states are the purposes of the SCO. Since its establishment, the SCO has always regarded the security field as a key direction of cooperation. The upcoming foreign ministers meeting of SCO will exchange views on cooperation in various fields and major international and regional issues. We hope and believe that all parties will take this meeting as an opportunity to carry forward the spirit of Shanghai, consolidate good neighborliness, friendship, solidarity and mutual trust, gather more cooperation consensus, and jointly promote the new development of the SCO. Q: the Prime Minister of Singapore, Li Xianlong, on the 18 day in the Washington Post, said that the collection of unilateral tariffs is not the correct way to solve the problem, and it will seriously damage the multilateral system based on the rules. In addition, the president of the International Monetary Fund, Lagarde, at the IMF and the spring annual meeting of the world bank, urged countries to abandon trade protectionism on the 19 day of the annual meeting of the world bank and the world bank. It said that the fact proved that the unilateral trade restriction policy was useless and that countries should work together to resolve the trade differences. How does China respond to the above remarks? Answer: I saw the report. I also note that Prime Minister Li Xianlong also said in this article that the problem of trade deficit is caused by domestic reasons. When domestic consumption is greater than production, it will produce a trade deficit. Trade restrictive measures are neither the cause of the trade deficit nor the solution to the deficit. The Chinese side has always believed that the trade imbalance must be solved, but we can not find the wrong reasons, and we must not prescribe the wrong prescription. History has repeatedly proved that closure can only end up in a blind alley. Only by opening cooperation can the road get wider and wider. With regard to the issue of Sino US trade friction, we have made clear and firm stand for Chinas position many times. This is a struggle between multilateralism and unilateralism, global free trade and protectionism. The international community should work together to maintain a multilateral trading system based on free trade and work together to promote sustained recovery in world economy and international trade. Q: the US - China Economic and Security Review Committee issued a report on the 19 day that the Chinese government may support espionage in some enterprises in order to improve the competitiveness of Chinese enterprises and promote the interests of the government. The report was named HUAWEI, ZTE, Lenovo and three Chinese enterprises. What is the response of the Chinese side to this? A: you mentioned that the US China Economic and Security Review Committee said that the Chinese government may support certain activities. Is it possible?! If the US policy is based on various possible absurdity, it is extremely irresponsible and extremely dangerous. I just saw the speech of Cui Tiankai, a Chinese ambassador to the United States, at Harvard University. He said recently that he was confused and asked himself: is the United States still the open, confident and optimistic America that he used to know? I think a lot of people have the same doubts. The current Sino US relations are at a crossroads. In the future, the relationship between China and the United States depends largely on how the two sides choose to look at themselves, look at the world and see the Sino US relations in the changing world. If we allow the Cold War mentality and the zero sum game to dominate us, then all the targets are traps and conspiracies. If we hold a more positive and cooperative attitude, we can understand the new trends, seize the new opportunities, and turn the challenges into opportunities, and bring real benefits to the people of the two countries. It is hoped that some people in the US will be able to refresh their international relations and concepts and conform to the trend of the times instead of moving against the trend. Q: it is reported that the US Treasury is considering the adoption of the emergency power law and security review reform to restrict Chinas sensitive investment and acquisition in the US. What is the response of the Chinese side to this? A: there are a lot of action in the United States recently. In a few moments, China accuses the Chinese force of forcing American enterprises to transfer technology, and then exclamation the development of Chinas high-tech field to threaten American security. In the end, it exposes the hegemonic mentality of the US side, only I can have it and not allow you to have. It must be pointed out that the United States has frequently set limits on Trade and investment activities in the high-tech field of China and the United States on the grounds of national security. It is clearly the reality of trade protectionism in the name of national security. In China, apple phones and other products can be seen everywhere, and we do not think it is a threat. But in the United States, if someone buys HUAWEI mobile phones, it seems to some people in the United States that it is a serious threat to the safety of the American family. As the worlds largest power and technology powerful country, is it really fragile to such a degree? On the one hand, the US side requires China to open up a greater market, on the other hand, to limit Chinas normal trade and investment activities on the basis of national security. It does not conform to the law of the market, does not conform to the international rules, and does not conform to the principle of fairness, fairness and reciprocity that the US side has been hanging on. We see clearly that the reason why the United States suppressed Chinas technological development and progress on the ground of national security is in essence a very irrational economic and technological hegemony. The US side should be clear that technological progress should serve the well-being of all mankind, rather than be a tool for a country to advance its hegemony. Last year, Chinas scientific and technological progress contributed 57.5% and contributed more than 30% to world economic growth. China is energetically implementing the strategy of innovation driven development. The pace of technological innovation in China will not stagnate because of some noise and interference. The Ministry of defense confirmed that 15 Chinese and Australian naval ships met in the South China Sea. Q: Recently, Australian media reported that the Australian warships encountered challenges from the Chinese military in the South China Sea this month. Please confirm and comment? A: the Australian media report is inconsistent with the facts. In April 15th, Chinese naval ships and Australian warships met in the South China Sea. The Chinese vessels communicate with the Australian side in professional language, and their operations are legal and professional safety.