Today, we talk about the Chinese aircraft carrier in the form of the aircraft carrier to the bomb: the famous master of the sea, in the form of interviews and dialogues. Mr. Li Jie, a naval military expert, and Mr. Wang Jin, the senior adviser to the China International Strategic society, unscramble the Chinese aircraft carrier. (the first homemade aircraft carrier) The home-made aircraft carrier will be built at least four or five years Moderator: there are media analysis of the whole construction cycle of domestic aircraft carriers may be 36 months, to trial for 12 months. The media also predicted the delivery time of the first aircraft carrier. Is there any reason why the media speculated on the progress gained from the experience gained from our modified Liaoning warship and the mastery of construction technology? Wang Jin: from the perspective of the construction of world aircraft carriers, the construction period of light aircraft carriers should be four to six years, and the construction period of large and medium aircraft carriers will be five to eight years. Aircraft carrier construction is a very complex system engineering, with three main nodes. One is the construction stage in the dock. In the dock, the overall welding and the rudder, shafting and underwater engineering should be completed, and the installation of weapons, equipment, pipelines and living facilities is to be completed in this area. The second stage is the launching of the outfitting stage. When the main ship is completed, it will be discharged from the dock of the shipyard for outfitting, and will continue to complete the installation of weapons, equipment, pipelines and living facilities. After that, subsystem debugging and total system commissioning can be completed. The third stage is the stage of trial delivery. This requires that after the completion of the aircraft carrier voyage tests under different sea conditions and in different conditions, problems can be solved. (Wang Jin and Li Jie) These three links are essential. The first stage will probably account for more than 60% of the total time limit; the second stage will probably account for about 20% of the total time limit; and the third stages account for 20%. Even if the aircraft is built very skillfully and perfectly, the technology is very mature, the pilot stage is also essential, at least a year or so. Li Jie: Mr. Wang said it very well. Even smaller carriers, such as the United Kingdom, France, and other small and medium-sized carriers in other countries, will not be built in a relatively short period of time. We often say, sparrows are small, but they are full of five organs. Although the medium and small type carrier is small, its manufacturing process and construction are basically the same. It is only a small size, and some basic things have to be included, including the power device, the weapon system, the command and control system, the radar communication facilities, and the living facilities, all of which are necessary. And the last two stages are nearly 40%, and they cant be ignored. It is impossible to ignore it or shorten it because of the small. Therefore, judging from this rule, the construction of our domestic aircraft carrier will take at least four or five years. The construction and development of anything must follow certain rules unless war conditions. The ability to take off the aircraft does not represent the ability to combat Moderator: two experts said that the Liaoning ship was a research and training ship adapted from the Varyag. Many people inside and outside the army have also said that the new domestic aircraft carrier will certainly not be training ships. If we consider this way, will the Liaoning warship be changed to combat purpose once there are circumstances in the future? Wang Jin: in July 2011, the spokesman of the Ministry of Defense announced that we were using the abandoned Varyag aircraft carrier to be rebuilt into our aircraft carriers, mainly for scientific research and training. This shows that the Liaoning is mainly responsible for scientific research and training tasks. (Liaoning ship carrier formation) Three points must be emphasized here: first, the service period of the Liaoning carrier has been launched for more than thirty years. According to the regular service law of the general carrier, it is forty to fifty years, and it is close to the retirement period; therefore, it does not adapt to the operational task. Second, from the mission and mission of ships, training ships are essentially different from warships. Mission is different, one is responsible for training, one is responsible for fighting. Third, in addition to different mission tasks, there are great differences in staffing and weaponry, which can not simply say that it can take off several aircraft and have the ability to combat it. As for a specific case, a few bombs can be lifted off the carrier aircraft, which does not mean that it has the real combat capability. Since we had no aircraft carriers in the past, we had been playing for nearly one hundred years as we did in the United States, so we have been trying and groping all the time, but we have not allowed it to perform operational tasks. Generally speaking, all kinds of equipment and facilities, such as weapon system, radar communication facilities, etc., are different from the test and inspection standards of training and scientific research if they are not tested and tested according to the requirements of the combat. For example, Liaoning ship shipboard aircraft, not all of a sudden full of full crew, but step by step up, gradually complete, Liaoning ship is mainly training pilots, commanders and other qualified training, of course, including testing and testing the formation of various types of naval vessels, what to match in the end What kind of frigate is the destroyer with? And how many nuclear submarines or replenishment ships can be effectively protected? The formation of the aircraft carrier fleet in the United States has been reduced from the original ten to five or six, and are we innovating according to the pattern of others? Welcome progress has been made in our countrys electromagnetic ejection Once matured, it will be installed on a follow-up home carrier Host: I just talked about aircraft carrier aircraft. Major general Ma Weiming, a naval power and electrical engineering expert, has made such a statement that Chinas carrier based aircraft catapult technology is no problem at all, or even loses the United States. In that case, consult two experts. Will Chinas first domestic aircraft carrier get on the ejection device? If not, what is the limitation on the use of ejection devices at this stage? Li Jie: just now, Mr. Wang has already talked about the fact that Chinas first domestic aircraft carrier should still adopt the ski jump take-off mode. Why do you use a skid takeoff? After extensive scientific research, Liaoning has basically grasped the technology of landing and landing of large fixed wing aircraft in large and medium sized aircraft carriers, and has gained some experience. Because there are not many countries that can take off fixed wing aircraft and use arresting landings. In fact, aircraft carriers in other countries also adopt the way of aircraft skating jump, but most of them use vertical landing mode. Therefore, the Liaoning aircraft carrier is quite unique. Moreover, if this take-off and landing mode is well used, combat effectiveness is still more practical, it is a more secure way. That is to say, we should master this technology first. As to the electromagnetic ejection technology or the steam ejection technology you have just mentioned, in fact, the Chinese people have a deep understanding and a great grasp of the two kinds of ejection technology after these years of exploring, learning, drawing on, designing, improving and improving. I think it is not difficult for Chinese to master. I have also seen some relevant experimental departments, including test sites. As for the development and application of these technologies, the academicians of Ma Weiming said they were more correct, and they were based on the basis of a large number of studies and experiments based on science. However, as to why the first domestic aircraft carrier is not adopted at present? As I said just now, the aircraft carrier itself is a complex giant system, and the aircraft carrier itself is a skating deck, so it is impossible to break the belly again. First, if steam ejection or electromagnetic ejection are used, the deck is generally straight, while the skating deck is not conducive to steam or electromagnetic ejection. Second, to use this technology must have a lot of financial and technical support, not that you master this technology will be able to apply. Third, it is necessary to have the corresponding carrier aircraft. The most important force of the aircraft carrier is carrier based aircraft. The carrier aircraft must be matched with the ejection mode. In fact, there is a series of system supporting work to be completed, not a very simple project or a single project, which involves the technical problems of all aspects. The first aircraft carrier did not use ejection technology. I think it is logical and logical. Wang Jin: ejection system and arresting system are the two key systems of aircraft carriers. With these two systems, the shipboard machine really has full and long range combat capability. Because the skid takeoff is limited, the load of the takeoff can not be very large, which limits its operational radius and operational function. From the historical point of view, there have been compressed air ejection, hydraulic ejection, steam ejection, and electromagnetic ejection. Steam ejection is the most used now, and the American Nimitz class carrier has been ejected by steam. The French De Gaulle, which uses the improved C13-3 system based on the C13-2 ejection system in the United States, is 15 meters shorter than the Nimitz aircraft carrier, and the takeoff of its carrier is also limited. Therefore, ejection takeoff is a key technology for aircraft carriers. It has been reported that Chinas electromagnetic ejection research and development is not lost to the United States. This is a positive signal, indicating that China has made gratifying progress in electromagnetic ejection. Once mature, it will be installed on our subsequent domestic carriers. To some extent, the arresting device is more complicated. The source of this article is the editor in charge of _NN6027. From the historical point of view, there have been compressed air ejection, hydraulic ejection, steam ejection, and electromagnetic ejection. Steam ejection is the most used now, and the American Nimitz class carrier has been ejected by steam. The French De Gaulle, which uses the improved C13-3 system based on the C13-2 ejection system in the United States, is 15 meters shorter than the Nimitz aircraft carrier, and the takeoff of its carrier is also limited. Therefore, ejection takeoff is a key technology for aircraft carriers. It has been reported that Chinas electromagnetic ejection research and development is not lost to the United States. This is a positive signal, indicating that China has made gratifying progress in electromagnetic ejection. Once mature, it will be installed on our subsequent domestic carriers. To some extent, the arresting device is more complicated.