Xinhua news agency, Beijing, April, 19, news analysis: how can China break through the shortage of core dilemma? Xinhua News Agency reporter Peng Qian The U. S. Department of Commerce recently announced a 7 - year ban on exports to the Zte Corp, raising concerns about the core competitiveness of Chinas semiconductor chip industry. How can China break through the dilemma of lack of core and embark on a road of domestic independent controllable substitution? Lack of core The China integrated circuit industry analysis report in 2017 shows that the current Chinese core IC IC chip share is low, and the domestic share of the chips in the fields of computer and mobile communication terminals is almost zero. Dr. Li Xuwu, senior consultant of Zhejiang Zhijiang lab chip center, said that the perspective of Chinas chip industry can be analyzed from two aspects of design and manufacture. Over the past few years, Chinas chip design has made rapid progress, and design companies have doubled. However, the technology and experience of chip design are far from enough, especially in advanced signal converter, such as changing from analog continuous signal to digital signal and converse conversion, greatly lagging behind abroad. Li Xuwu has been the executive vice president of the technology research and development of medium core international integrated circuit manufacturing Co., Ltd., and won the highest honor of Intel academician in the companys technical field during the work of the Intel company in the United States. It has a deep feeling of differences in the development of the semiconductor field in China and the United States. In the field of chip manufacturing, he said, there is still a lot of gap between China and the worlds most advanced technology. In peacetime, Chinese companies can buy systems needed for chip assembly from foreign manufacturers, but when foreign governments take restrictive measures, the weaknesses are exposed. For example, in the core business of ZTE, the base station chip has the lowest self-supporting capability. The base station chip itself has higher requirements for maturity and high reliability than consumer chips. Some experts believe that after the United States announced the control measures, China began to test the domestic replacement chips to mass use for at least two years. In the case of Ding Xianfeng, a scientist and chip policy leader of Ali cloud intelligent network, the current situation of Chinese chip research and development is scattered and small. Semiconductor chip is an industry with high investment and scale effect. Its investment cycle is long and risky. Many people do not want to set foot in it. Since 2013, the Chinese government has increased financial support for the semiconductor industry from chip development to manufacturing. But experts believe that the current investment is too dispersed, some investment ineffective projects are divided into funds. Luo Jianjun, general manager of Hangzhou Hua Lan microelectronics Limited by Share Ltd, a practitioner of semiconductor industry, said: the lack of China is not the semiconductor production line, but the design company. Without chip design, it is impossible for the production line to have the self controlled chip for the rice pot, and finally return to the old road to others. The way to fill the core So, how should China fill the core? Experts say we must not achieve overnight success, but we must seize the existing opportunities. The chip industry has long followed Moores law that the number of components that can be accommodated in the integrated circuit will double every 18 to 24 months, and the performance will double when the price is constant. But Li Xuwu said that as semiconductor photolithography and other bottlenecks, plus semiconductors getting closer to the physical limit, the speed of renewal is slowing down, which is a chance for China. The front is slow, and the back is easy. With foreign companies in advance, later can also take a lot of detours, Li Xuwu said, of course, the road buried a lot of landmines, that is, all kinds of patents, it is very challenging to get around all. The real development of Chinese semiconductors began in 2000, when the largest semiconductor manufacturer in China was founded in the core international integrated circuit manufacturing Co., Ltd., but at the beginning of its founding, it was faced with the powerful generation of IBM, Intel and other technology giants, as well as the Taiwan integrated circuit manufacturing Limited by Share Ltd. The fierce competition in the factory is accompanied by a huge gap of talent in the industry. Luo Jianjun said that the government should be guided in the professional setting and employment of colleges and universities, especially to strengthen the training of interdisciplinary ability, and it often takes more than ten years to train the leader of an integrated circuit design. Ding Xianfeng also believes that the countrys current policy on entrepreneurial talent is good, but it needs to be slant to the talent that can be long fought in big companies. Chips need large-scale operations, the ability to command thousands of troops, not the ability to publish articles. Investment in the chip industry also needs people with more industry vision. In addition to national financial support, active participation in market and social capital is also needed. Some experts suggest that the China Securities Regulatory Commission (China Securities Regulatory Commission) can provide some convenient access for chip companies, such as accelerated approval, so that enterprises have the opportunity to raise more research and development funds from the market. Ding Xianfeng believes that the digital age needs trillions of chips and sensors, which almost entirely belong to China. Because China can master such chips and sensors, from modules, Internet of things terminals, edge services to cloud computing, China can do it. How do Chinas related enterprises draw lessons from the front car? The consensus of the experts is that they should be low-key in their work, abide by the law and abide by the law, and accumulate their core technology. Source: Xinhua news agency editor: Hou Wei Cheng _NT4124 Ding Xianfeng believes that the digital age needs trillions of chips and sensors, which almost entirely belong to China. Because China can master such chips and sensors, from modules, Internet of things terminals, edge services to cloud computing, China can do it. How to draw a lesson China related businesses? The consensus of the experts is that they should be low-key in their work, abide by the law and abide by the law, and accumulate their core technology.