Cui Tiankai Harvard speech: trade is a battle for mutual benefit.

category:Global
 Cui Tiankai Harvard speech: trade is a battle for mutual benefit.


It is a great honor to be invited to visit Fei Zhengqing research center of Harvard University in China. The center has been established for more than 60 years, and has not only become the United States, but also has become the most outstanding Chinese Research Center in the world. We are very grateful to our experts and scholars for their active efforts over the years. Many of the key figures in the development of Sino US relations, such as Mr. Fei Zhengqing, Professor Fu Gaoyi present here, and Dr. Kissinger and Dr. Brzezinski, are all closely related to the Harvard University and the Fei Zhengqing center. It is a great honor for me to be here this afternoon. Not long ago, the Fei Zhengqing center published a book on the question of China and put forward 36 important questions about China, which would probably shape the future Chinese view of the United States. I have no ready-made answer to these questions. But I very much agree with Professor Song Yiming in the preface of the book: as the United States trade deficit with China, the United States also has deficits in understanding China. Of course, there is no corresponding surplus for this deficit. Although some people are talking about the US trade deficit with China, I think it is more important and difficult for the us to understand the deficit. If we do not try our best to reduce the understanding deficit, it will have a long-term negative impact on Sino US relations. We must work together to promote a more accurate, deeper and more practical understanding between the two countries, which is not only the interest of the two countries, but also the world. I hope our discussions today will help us to enhance mutual understanding and reduce understanding deficits. Just now, Professor Song Yiming outlined the Sino US relationship in a comprehensive and clear way. I would like to talk about my thoughts on some fundamental issues in China US relations. Then I will talk about several specific issues in the Q & a section. First of all, I want to talk about the goals China set for itself. I would like to recommend to you the two important speech of President Xi Jinping: first, the report of the nineteenth National Congress of the Communist Party of China last October, and the keynote speech delivered last week at the opening ceremony of the 2018 annual meeting of the Boao forum for Asia. In the nineteen major reports, President Xi clarified the development goals of China in the coming decades, that is, to achieve the goal of two one hundred years. 2021 is the 100th anniversary of the founding of the Communist Party of China. We will achieve the first 100 year goal in 2020 and build a well-off society in an all-round way. In 2049, Peoples Republic of China is 100th anniversary. In 2050, we will achieve second Centennial goals and complete the modernization of socialistic countries. This is the blueprint for Chinas dream and modernization of the country in the next few decades. In the keynote speech of the recent Boao Forum on Asia, President Xi summed up the experience and achievements of Chinas 40 years of reform and opening up, pointed out that reform and opening up the past 40 years of Chinas development, and that China will adhere to its own path and adhere to reform and opening up, which will not be affected by any external pressure and influence. Chinas opening door will be bigger and bigger. This is Chinas strategic choice. President Xi also announced a series of important measures to expand the opening. I think what the future direction of China is and what China wants to do is very clear. When it comes to Chinas development goals and strategies, the international community is very concerned about the word new era. What does the new age mean? In my opinion, the new era means that China is entering a new and higher level of development, which means that we should focus on solving the problem of uneven and inadequate development and trying to meet the needs of the peoples growing and better life. Therefore, at present, we pay more attention to the development of quality rather than quantity; it is the peoples sense of gain, not the simple economic growth; it promotes the overall development strategy according to the five in one overall layout of the economic, political, cultural, social and ecological civilizations, and not only the narrow sense of economic growth. Therefore, the main content of the new era is that we will adhere to the development of the people - centered, Chinas domestic development, rather than geopolitical or geopolitical strategy. I think the new age means that the ancient civilization of the Chinese nation will enter a new stage of development, to modernize its own characteristics while maintaining its own characteristics; the new age means that 1/5 of the human population will get rid of poverty and live a better life; the new era means a big country with pride and pride. Back to the center of the world arena, not to challenge or replace anyone, but to embrace the world and make new contributions to all mankind. This leads to the second point I want to talk about: China and the international order. We believe that the world today is undergoing major development, readjustment and great changes. Scientific and technological progress and industrial revolution have brought us unprecedented opportunities and challenges. Mankind has created unprecedented material wealth, but the gap between the rich and the poor in some countries is increasing. The world has generally maintained peace and stability, but some regions and countries are still under the shadow of armed conflict and war. Although no major or direct wars broke out among major powers, mutual trust was seriously inadequate. People are closer together, but the barriers are deepening. The world is facing global challenges such as terrorism, proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, climate change, diseases and natural disasters. The demand for deepening multilateral cooperation and improving international governance is on the rise, but the role of multilateral international organizations is facing the danger of being weakened. No country can deal with these challenges single handedly, nor can any country achieve prosperity in isolation. We have never been in need of international cooperation like this, especially the cooperation between big powers. That is why China put forward the idea of building a new international relationship and building a community of human destiny. China will continue to contribute to world peace, common prosperity and international order. On the issue of international order, it has recently been accused of Chinas intention to subvert the existing international order, the so-called revisionist state. I think this is a complete misunderstanding of China. The so-called international order refers to the international order based on the United Nations system and the Charter of the United Nations after World War II. The purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations established the basic principles of international relations, such as the principle of the sovereign equality of all countries, the principle of peaceful settlement of international disputes, the non use or threat of the principle of the use of force, respect for the principles of political independence and territorial integrity of all countries, and the principle of non-interference in the internal affairs of other countries. China maintains a good track record in adhering to these principles. China has always opposed the use or threat of use of force in international relations unless it is authorized by the United Nations Security Council under the Charter of the United Nations. China has always advocated the settlement of international disputes through dialogue and negotiations. In dealing with many international and regional problems, including the DPRK nuclear issue, we have consistently adhered to the above principles and made unremitting efforts to this end. We will continue to call for respect for the sovereignty, territorial integrity and independence of all the members of the United Nations, and speak for the weak and the poor. In sharp contrast with Chinese practices, some countries have repeatedly violated the above principles and frequently used or threatened the use of force and violated the sovereignty of other United Nations Member States. In the absence of the authorization of the UN Security Council, even in disregard of the clear opposition of the members of the Security Council, they are committed to launching a war, with the banner of humanitarian intervention and the responsibility of protection, to make some areas into chaos and to get a good fortune. The Charter of the United Nations has stated in a clear way: I am determined that the people of the United Nations should be free from the misfortune of later generations. Have we really done it over the past 70 years? Can we save our generation and future generations from the scourge of war? It is still an unknown number. It is regrettable that those who repeatedly violate the rules instead of accusing other countries of trying to label them as revisionist states. Frankly speaking, these people should have a sense of shame. It is time to review and reiterate these basic principles again. Only in this way can we ensure that the international order is more reasonable and effective. Stable relations between major powers, especially Sino US relations, are crucial to the maintenance and strengthening of the international order. At the beginning of next year, we will usher in 40th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between China and the United States. Confucius said, forty no confusion. But in fact, people are often confused about many problems. To deal with the important bilateral relationship between China and the US, we need to dispel some confusion. First, the 40 years development of Sino US relations has brought tangible benefits to both countries, and has also made important contributions to the stability and prosperity of the Asia Pacific region and the world. During the cold war, the two largest hot war took place in Asia, but today the Asia Pacific region remains generally peaceful and stable, and even the North Korean nuclear issue is generally controllable. In addition, China and the United States jointly promoted the Asia Pacific region to become one of the most important engines of world economic growth. We also jointly overcome the Asian financial crisis at the end of the 90s of last century and the international financial crisis that took place about 10 years ago. The International Monetary Fund (IMF) data show that Asias contribution to global economic growth has reached 2/3 in the past two years. I believe that China and the United States have made great contributions in this process. Of course, the purpose of the US policy of contacting China is to serve its own interests. When President Nixon visited China for the first time, he said to President Mao Zedong and Prime Minister Zhou Enlai, I came for the sake of the interests of the United States. A good Sino US relationship is beneficial to the two peoples. With the development of bilateral relations, the common needs and common interests of both sides are expanding day by day. China and the United States are the permanent members of the United Nations Security Council, or the two largest economies in the world. There are many international and regional issues and global challenges that we need to face and promote. Maintaining world peace and stability, promoting global economic growth and prosperity is in the common interests of our two countries, and is also the common responsibility of our two countries to the international community. At the same time, China and the United States both have important domestic agenda to complete. A stable and stable Sino US relationship is conducive to better achieving our respective domestic development goals. Of course, there is a certain degree of competition between China and the United States, which is inevitable. As long as our competition follows the basic international standards, such competition will be in the long-term interests of the two countries as long as this competition is carried out in a fair, constructive and mutually promoting manner. For a big country like China, our competition is actually not mainly about international issues, but in governing the country. If we can govern our respective countries, no one can threaten or change us, but no one can help us if we do not manage our own country well. China and the United States are two very different countries. There are differences in history, culture, political system and development stage. There are some differences and problems between the two countries. But we should distinguish between these differences. On the issue of sovereignty and territorial integrity and national unity, China has no room for compromise and concessions. This is a red line. In terms of economic and trade issues, we should properly and balance our concerns and achieve mutual benefit through dialogue and consultation on the basis of mutual respect. Recently there have been many discussions about possible trade wars between China and the United States. I want to emphasize that trade is for mutual benefit, and war will lead to two wars. Trade wars can not solve any problems, but will destroy trade. Not long ago, I read Microsofts chief executive, Satya NADELLA, to write Refresh. In his book, he argues that it is very important to have a positive attitude and a culture of learning. The open, positive and forward-looking attitude advocated by the book inspires me. Perhaps in the theory of international relations, we should also click on the Refresh key to better understand the new world situation and new trends of the world in twenty-first Century, so as to jointly promote the construction of a new international relations and the community of human destiny. Otherwise, maybe one day we may be replaced by artificial intelligence. Since 1981, when I first set foot on the land of the United States, I have been living in the United States for 11 years as an international student, a member of the United Nations and a diplomat. What I learned in the United States changed my life, work and my view of world affairs to a great extent. It had a positive impact on me. Recently, however, I began to feel confused. I asked myself, is the United States still the open, confident and optimistic America I used to know? I couldnt find the answer in Washington, so today I came to Harvard University, and I believe you will give me an answer. Thank you