Fake journalists have been rampaging for more than 10 years.

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 Fake journalists have been rampaging for more than 10 years.


Chen Xiaoyi, who has worked for nearly 20 years, said that in just a few years since 2000, Yulin and Yanan have falsely produced many journalists in all walks of life to solicit sponsorship, a small number of 23,000, more than hundreds of thousands. By 2007 or so, fake journalists have been rampant, and in the eyes of some people, journalists even with theblackmaildesignation. The equal sign.

The person in charge of a coal processing enterprise in Yulin said that he was repeatedly harassed by fake reporters, who pulled sponsorship usually with negative information, in the process ofinterviewsponsorship in the form of newspaper subscription or advertising, but we gave money, basically a newspaper can not be seen.

Peng Mei News learned from local media practitioners that most of the fake journalists active in northern Shaanxi were derived from advertising salesmen when the profit model of the media industry shifted to advertising revenue at the beginning of this century. They hold their own media work cards, where there is negative news to go where themarketing, almost all-pervasive.

One industry insider said that advertising marketing around negative news had been a strange phenomenon from the beginning, and many marketees were willing to pay even if they knew the other person was a fake journalist. This willingness to give and shelter, so that active in northern Shaanxi false reporters gradually formed an Ecosphere in more than ten years, this kind of ecological business activities are suspected of news blackmail.

On September 5, the Yulin Public Security Bureau released a set of data, from August 1, has cracked 142 cases of extortion by true and false journalists, 43 prisoners, involving more than 8.87 million yuan. According to people familiar with the matter, the investigation into the extortion of fake journalists is continuing and the data will be updated.

A villa built by Ma Ma Xiong in the hometown of Ma Jia TA township has not been fully completed, and he was arrested by the police. This picture is a surging news reporter Zhuang Antu.

Fake reporters villa

In a short span of 5 years, Ma has become a social public nuisance from a network of big V.

In August of this year, he was arrested by Yulin police on suspicion of extortion. A local source said that for a long time, Mr. Ma had declared himself a journalist. When news of his falling into the net came out, there was a shout of applause in the area, just like when his original article was published on a public name.

Ma was accused of being very famous in Yulins journalism circles, and his reputation in recent years even surpassed many real journalists.

Liu Bo, a local media practitioner, met him at work and was impressed by him. This guy has a weird personality, few friends, simple clothes and a green military schoolbag with a Red Pentagram on his shoulder.

Liu Bo said that Ma went to university in Chengdu in the early years and worked as an e-commerce provider after graduation. Around 2013, Mr. Ma switched to the media and helped people write articles as gunmen on his microblog to make money. When netizens appealed to find him, they charged about 400 yuan for helping them write articles, and another 2,000 yuan for publishing articles on public names.

Ma has also done some justice things to help vulnerable groups. As he posts more and more negative information on his micro-blog, his influence has gradually expanded. Many enterprises and institutions exposed by him often spend money to delete his posts. Liu Bo said that after tasting the sweetness, Ma began to wear the coat of reporters, with negative information at both ends of the money, the coal mine enterprises to be blackmailed, the specific number of knocks, how much money no one knows, but he has built a villa in his hometown.

In Ma Ma Xiongs hometown, Shenmu City Ma Jia TA Township, a white wall blue top villa looks very dazzling. Villagers said the villa was built by Mr. Ma, but as soon as the building was completed, he was arrested. He has not been in the village for many years. He knows he has made a lot of money outside, but he does not know what to do. Since August, news of his violation of law and discipline has come out of the village.

A person in charge of a mining company in Shenmu city said that Ma Moxiong had appeared in many local coal mines, so long as there was an accident in any mine, he would appear. A month before he was arrested, he came to our mine twice, because I did not give money, he pushed twonegative Reportsabout us on his own nickname. .

Peng Mei News noticed that the last two messages from Mr. Mas circle of friends were directed to the same company, covering safety incidents and environmental pollution.

According to the person in charge of the mining company, safety accidents and environmental pollution are Mas usual tactics against coal mines. Once the charges are verified, the competent authorities will issue fines of tens of thousands of dollars or hundreds of thousands, or even bear criminal responsibility. On this basis, many of the coal mines that he is eyeing will choose to destroy money.

According to a previous report by the Yulin Public Security Bureau, there were 23 cases of extortion involving more than 800,000 yuan. According to people familiar with the matter, Mr. Mas extortion, which he never collects money from himself, is entrusted to an intermediary. But he is only an example. The number of false reporters active in Shenmu these years is very large. Before that, three or five false reporters could be found in any hotel. After Mr. Ma was arrested, these people all ran away.

In the name of earning income

The spread of fake journalists in Northern Shaanxi is no longer a secret.

As early as 2012, the China Youth Daily published a report on the investigation of false reporters in northern Shaanxi, which mentioned another journalist in northern Shaanxi, Bai Yanlin. Reported that Bai Yanlin claimed to be familiar with a well-known CCTV anchor, and claimed that the Mercedes-Benz he was driving was used by an outgoing national leader, his license plate number and mobile phone number of the last five digits are 888888. In Bai Yanlins career experience, his identity changed from the director of the Press Department of All walks of life and All walks of life magazines to the chief reporter of Chinese and foreign news magazines. But in the industry, he is called a fake journalist.

On September 20, the Yulin Municipal Commission for Discipline Inspection released a message that Bai Yanlin was suspected of serious disciplinary violations and was currently subject to disciplinary review. This message points out another important identity of Bai Yan Lin, the government cadre of Gao Jie village in Qingjian county.

As early as before Bai Yanlin, from August this year, Yulin City has launched a campaign against news blackmail, Yulin City Public Security Bureau on September 5 reported that 43 true and false reporters were arrested on suspicion of extortion, involving more than 8.87 million yuan. Yulin Daily subsequently published an article that hovering in Yulin more than 10 years of false reporters group, is suffering from an unprecedented winter.

How did the fake journalist group in Northern Shaanxi come into existence and how to occupy the place for more than 10 years? Chen Xiaoyi, who has worked in the local media for nearly 20 years, said that this is closely related to the lax control of some media. Few people pretend to be journalists in their own names, and almost every fake journalist has a media behind them. Most of these fake reporters were advertising salesmen in the media.

Chen Xiaoyi recalled that at the end of the last century, most newspapers in northern Shaanxi were still in the state of feeding newspapers with factories and profited from the publication of printing factories and newspapers. At that time, the number of reporters was very small, and no news blackmail had ever been heard of.

Chen Xiaoyi said that around 2001, affected by the market, many newspapers were in financial straits. In order to survive, some printing factories even increased the production of cartons. But we finally found that the most effective way to increase revenue is advertising. Subsequently, many newspapers set up an advertising department temporarily. During that period, almost all businesses were built around income generation.

Colleagues began to compare the volume of business, in everyones mind,can pull advertising is a good reporter,the idea has gradually arisen. Chen Xiaoyi said that around 2003, some newspapers began to outsource the whole department or column in order to increase the advertising business. He thought that the reason why so many false reporters appeared in the media circle in northern Shaanxi was that the root of the disaster is here.

Chen Xiaoyi said that a department or column costs hundreds of thousands of yuan a year, the contractor because of business needs, recruited a large number of advertising salesmen, These people hold newspaper homemade work permits, when going out to business, also claimed to be a certain newspaper, others take it for granted that they are reporters. Over time, journalists and advertising salesmen become really hard to distinguish.

Sponsorship fee and amulet

Huang An, a media practitioner in Yanan, agrees with Chen Xiaoyi. He told Peng Mei News that a group of advertising salesmen dressed as reporters had been transported to the market in northern Shaanxi. This was the source of the chaos in the media industry in northern Shaanxi, but there were still newspapers and contractors to regulate the situation, not to the great chaos. By 2004 or so, the media market in northern Shaanxi had changed again. There are oil fields and coal mines, and many people think that the market potential is huge. Many city-level media want to seize the market, but also have no right to set up stations, so they have come up with a substitution station method, appointing one or two people to be stationed in northern Shaanxi for a long time to engage in business.

Huang An said that the emergence of substitutes has enabled many advertising salesmen to blatantly regard themselves as reporters. Because newspapers are not in the local area, they are not strictly controlled. As long as they complete their business tasks on time every year, they can always stay in northern Shaanxi in the name of a newspaper reporter. The real news blackmail began at this time and intensified.

In Huangans memory, with the emergence of the substitution station model, a large number of false reporters have emerged in northern Shaanxi in recent decades. Although some media will assign reporters within the newspaper tostationin northern Shaanxi, there are also some media, more willing to hire local people in northern Shaanxi to engage in business activities. By 2007 or so, the threshold has been fairly low, as long as someone introduces the local network resources, it will be able to smoothly sign an agreement with the newspaper, become a reporter.

They had no wages, and their survival depended entirely on advertising commissions. At that time, the annual task of each person in Yanansubstationwas about 200,000 yuan. Yulin was slightly higher, about 300,000 yuan. If the task is not completed, the newspaper will change. But I have never heard of anyone who has changed his job in Northern Shaanxi for so many years. Huang said that although most of these media are tabloids, some newspapers have never even heard of the name, but for the enterprises targeted by false reporters, enough to play a deterrent role.

Huang Ankou targeted enterprises refers to some illegal operations, or safety incidents of enterprises, these violations are mainly incomplete certificates and environmental pollution.

Liu Mao, head of a coal processing enterprise in Fugu County, Yulin City, told Peng Mei News that there are more than 70 coal mines of different sizes in Fugu County, and there are more downstream processing enterprises. For many years, as long as someone has an accident, just two or three days, dozens or even hundreds ofreporterswill flock to them, and what they have come to Neither do they take pictures with their cameras and wait for the person in charge of the company to contact them on their own initiative. After that, they will ask for sponsorship.

Liu Mao said that the so-called sponsorship usually includes newspaper subscription and advertising in two forms, newspaper subscription prices generally do not exceed 10,000 yuan, the amount of advertising is not easy to say. In order to make things easier for enterprises, most of them will agree with their demands, but after giving money, often a newspaper is not seen in the end, sponsorship is only a cover, money is the real purpose.

In Xinmin Township, Fugu County, there are 178 coalmines of all sizes. One of them, a coal mine official, told Peng Mei News that almost every coal mine here has given a reporter sponsorship fee. No, No. Once the violation is exposed, the amount of the fine is much higher than thesponsorship fee,or even bear criminal responsibility. People are willing to take that risk, which is equivalent to buying a talisman.

Willing to suffer losses

In many years of contact with false reporters, many enterprises are also gradually able to distinguish between the true and false reporters, but in the more than ten years of existence in northern Shaanxi mainly for coal mine enterprises in the news blackmail, there are still many sufferers willing to suffer losses. Even if they know they are fake, they still dare not provoke, because there is real behind the fake. There are too many things to see.

The person in charge of a magnesium company in Shenmu said that many extortioned companies initially asked for fake journalistscertificates, but as time went on, the procedure was eventually omitted. Everyone knows they dont have a press card, but they also know they have a way to expose negative information. Some people have suffered in this way, so Later, even their self-made work permits would never be seen again.

In response to this situation, Huang An said, as false reporters continue to breed, the media industry in northern Shaanxi gradually into chaos, industry chaos, can not do business through a formal routine. Some real reporters are dazzled to see fake reporters make money, because the newspaper regulations can not be like fake reporters to carry out the news blackmail, and eventually there is a situation of true and false reporters cooperate with each other. But whether true journalists, fake journalists or blackmailed businesses, they are willing to fight one by one in these matters, and when it is done, everyone will rot it in the stomach, which is why this industry has been in trouble for years but never has been at peace.

As reported by China Youth Daily on Sept. 10, as of Sept. 6, Shaanxi Provinces public security organs had handled more than 60 cases of extortion, rumors and other acts aimed at purifying the public opinion environment. Since then, there have been 14 cases in Xian City, 6 in Yanan City, 2 in Xixian New District, 1 in Baoji City, Xianyang City, Tongchuan City, Hanzhong City, Ankang City and Shangluo City, respectively; 96 people have been involved in the case with a total amount of 9.6816 million yuan; 57 people have been detained and 12 people have been arrested (6 licensed journalists).

Huang An told Peng Mei News that some of the journalists arrested were self-Media practitioners like Mr. Ma. He said that in the past decade, the internal structure of the fake journalists has also changed, from the original advertising salesman to the win-win cooperation between the true and false journalists. In recent years, even from the media practitioners involved in, no matter what kind of fake journalists, they have a public voice channel, which is precisely by. The blackmailing of the blackmailing, they can only break their teeth into their stomachs. The bitter lordswillingness to give and shelter eventually became the greatest support of the news extortion chain of interests. A person familiar with the matter said that the public opinion environmental improvement operation in Yulin is still ongoing and the relevant data will be updated. However, many false reporters were arrested, the cases involved are difficult to obtain evidence, the blackmailed also have ghosts in their hearts, even if the police came to the door, as avictimmany people are still reluctant to admit the fact of being blackmailed. In addition to the interests of driving, this is the northern Shaanxi false reporters over the years have been fighting endlessly the real reason. (All the interviewees are aliased for privacy.) Source: Peng Mei News Responsible Editor: Zhao Yaping_NN9005

Huang An told Peng Mei News that some of the journalists arrested were self-Media practitioners like Mr. Ma. He said that in the past decade, the internal structure of the fake journalists has also changed, from the original advertising salesman to the win-win cooperation between the true and false journalists. In recent years, even from the media practitioners involved in, no matter what kind of fake journalists, they have a public voice channel, which is precisely by. The blackmailing of the blackmailing, they can only break their teeth into their stomachs. The bitter lordswillingness to give and shelter eventually became the greatest support of the news extortion chain of interests.

A person familiar with the matter said that the public opinion environmental improvement operation in Yulin is still ongoing and the relevant data will be updated. However, many false reporters were arrested, the cases involved are difficult to obtain evidence, the blackmailed also have ghosts in their hearts, even if the police came to the door, as avictimmany people are still reluctant to admit the fact of being blackmailed. In addition to the interests of driving, this is the northern Shaanxi false reporters over the years have been fighting endlessly the real reason.

(to protect privacy, the characters in this article are alias).