The total fertility rate broke the warning line, and the population development entered a critical turning point

category:Finance
 The total fertility rate broke the warning line, and the population development entered a critical turning point


Li Jiheng said in the article that the implementation of the national strategy to actively respond to the aging population is related to the overall development of the country and the well-being of the people, and is of great and far-reaching significance to the sustained and healthy development of Chinas economy and society in the 14th five year plan and longer period.

He believes that the proposal adheres to the systematic concept and puts forward the ideas and tasks of implementing the national strategy of actively coping with the population aging in the period of the 14th five year plan period, starting from the issues such as the aging of few children that need to be paid attention to in order to realize the balanced development of Chinas population.

Li Jiheng said that to implement the requirements of the recommendations, we should grasp the major trends and changes in population development, formulate long-term plans, and implement the national strategy of balanced population development; we should guide the improvement and stability of the fertility level in an appropriate range, increase the supply of labor force, and realize the coordination of population, economy, society, resources and environment.

Official data show that the number of births in China has been declining for several years. According to the statistical bulletin of the National Bureau of statistics, in 2019, Chinas birth population was 14.65 million, a decrease of 580000 compared with that in 2018, and the birth rate was 10.48 u2030, 0.46 thousandth point lower than that in 2018.

Source: National Bureau of Statistics

Statistics show that the number of births in China was 17.71 million in 2000, and dropped to 16.47 million in 2002. Since then, from 2003 to 2013, Chinas birth population fluctuated around 16 million.

In October 2015, the communique of the Fifth Plenary Session of the 18th CPC Central Committee pointed out: adhere to the basic national policy of family planning, actively carry out actions to deal with population aging, and implement the comprehensive two child policy.

Affected by this policy, the number of births in China rose to 17.86 million in 2016, the highest number of births since 2000. However, there was a continuous decline in 2017 and 2018, which were 17.23 million and 15.23 million respectively. This trend continues through 2019. Zhang Yi, director of the population and Employment Statistics Department of the National Bureau of statistics, said in January 2020 that since the implementation of the comprehensive two child policy for four years, the cumulative effect of the policy has been released in the first two years, resulting in the phenomenon that the fertility rate first rises and then decreases, and the birth rate drops significantly in 2018. After 2018, fertility entered the stable period after policy adjustment. Affected by the number and structure of women of childbearing age, the number of births in 2019 will slightly decrease. Zhang Yi said that in terms of the number of children born, the proportion of children born with two or more children is significantly higher than that of one child. In 2019, the proportion of children with two or more children will reach 59.5%, an increase of 2.1 percentage points over the previous year. This shows that the comprehensive two child policy continues to play a role. Source of this article: Guo Chenqi, editor in charge of first finance and Economics_ NBJ9931

Affected by this policy, the number of births in China rose to 17.86 million in 2016, the highest number of births since 2000. However, there was a continuous decline in 2017 and 2018, which were 17.23 million and 15.23 million respectively. This trend continues through 2019.

Zhang Yi, director of the population and Employment Statistics Department of the National Bureau of statistics, said in January 2020 that since the implementation of the comprehensive two child policy for four years, the cumulative effect of the policy has been released in the first two years, resulting in the phenomenon that the fertility rate first rises and then decreases, and the birth rate drops significantly in 2018. After 2018, fertility entered the stable period after policy adjustment. Affected by the number and structure of women of childbearing age, the number of births in 2019 will slightly decrease.

Zhang Yi said that in terms of the number of children born, the proportion of children born with two or more children is significantly higher than that of one child. In 2019, the proportion of children with two or more children will reach 59.5%, an increase of 2.1 percentage points over the previous year. This shows that the comprehensive two child policy continues to play a role.