A very important reason behind this is that the development of the industry has entered a mature period. Even in the cities with developed Internet industry such as Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Shenzhen and Hangzhou, it is difficult for new migrant workers to quickly accumulate wealth.
Another trend is that the second and third tier cities have an increasing demand for farmers. According to the 2020 talent flow and migration report released by pulse of workplace social networking platform, Chinas it Internet industry is expanding to second tier cities, and the required jobs are inclined from basic technical posts such as testing and operation and maintenance to core posts such as product research and development. In Xiamen, Zhuhai, Nanjing and other cities, the demand of senior java development engineer, front-end development engineer, C + + development engineer and other positions are ranked first.
However, many programmers from the first tier to the second tier and third tier cities admitted to Yi magazine that the reality was not as simple and easy as imagined. Although the material life pressure has become smaller, it is not easy to adapt to the new working environment in the second and third tier cities. They have more or less experienced the acclimatization in skills demand, workplace communication and career planning. In this process, many people also have the idea of returning to the first tier cities again.
Then, when faced with the choice of whether to return to the second or third tier cities, how should programmers choose? The real experience of several past people may provide some reference.
The same position, but the environment may be totally different
As far as motivation is concerned, the reasons why a worker returns from the first tier to the second tier and third tier cities can be summarized as the following key words: cost of living, mental stress, family and love. Programmers are no exception.
Zhao Qijun was one of the early programmers who moved from the first line to the second and third line. After graduating from university in 2004, he went to work in the headquarters of a consumer electronics enterprise in Huizhou City, Guangdong Province. This job lasted for four years. After the advent of the Internet wave, as Huizhou was only 90 kilometers away from Shenzhen by car, Zhao Qijun, like many young people who wanted to fight together, jumped to work in a popular communication technology company in Shenzhen. But the job lasted only two years, and he returned to Huizhou again.
In 2010, the dividend of Chinas Internet industry has just begun. Alibaba has launched Taobao Mall. Baidus Web search market share is about to exceed 80%. Tencent QQ has the highest number of online users at the same time. Huawei has surpassed Nokia Siemens and Alcatel lucent to become the second largest communication equipment manufacturer in the world after Ericsson.
It is not easy for Zhao Qijun to make such a choice. His department is the information management department, which is responsible for the companys information system construction. Two years before he left the company, he was promoting his position in Europe. It was a good opportunity for him to develop the market with wolf.
But its more important to be with your kids. Its not about money. Zhao Qijun said. Fortunately, there are still job vacancies in his old employer in Huizhou, which means he doesnt have to look for a job in a city with insufficient IT jobs, but his salary is reduced by 30%.
Lack of demand, mismatched positions and low income have been the concerns of many programmers considering going to the second and third tier cities. However, in recent years, Internet dividends have sunk to lower tier cities. Many large factories have set up branches in second and third tier cities. It has become much easier to find a suitable position.
Xu Yue stepped on such a dividend. Before 2017, he worked for Huawei in Hangzhou for three years, engaged in software development. Just when he had the license plate and the qualification to purchase house lottery, a headhunter came to him and said that there was a unicorn game company in Jinhua, Zhejiang Province, which was recruiting people. Thinking of the opportunity to be closer to his ailing mother and long-distance girlfriend, he thought of going home for the first time.
Xu Yue is a conservative. He went back to Jinhua to attend an interview without telling his family. Although it was only an interview, he felt reluctant to give up at the moment when he got off the train and got on the bus: after all, I am used to the prosperity of Hangzhou, and I think that the best contacts around me are all in Hangzhou.
In addition to division of labor, collaboration and other working methods, some differences in management rules will make it difficult for programmers who pursue high efficiency to adapt.
After two years of living in a large factory in Shenzhen, Zhao Qijun has a lot of comparative perspectives. He confessed that during his first half of his return to Huizhou, he often felt disgusted with it.
In a company in Shenzhen, the technical team of the information management department will be divided into one, two, and three levels. When the business department sends a demand, what the first level team cant solve will be filtered to the second level team. If it cant be solved again, it will be filtered to the third level team, which can improve the accuracy and satisfaction of solving problems. However, in Huizhou company, the grouping of IT department personnel is extensive, because there are less than 50 people in total, and the technical personnel will be interrupted by various problems in the business department at any time.
Some of these problems may be real problems, some may not be problems at all. Zhao Qijun said.
In fact, no matter it posts or other posts, compared with the second and third tier cities, the first tier cities have more sufficient reserves of talents and posts. People have a clear division of labor and perform their own duties, with fierce competition and great mobility, which greatly reduces the mismatch rate of posts. However, in the second and third tier cities, many posts are one radish and one pit. The mobility is small, and even one person is responsible for many jobs, which leads to the lack of professionalism of many posts.
Similar inefficiency is also reflected in the setting of rules. Zhao Qijun recalled that in the process of financial reimbursement, the company in Shenzhen assumed that every employee was honest. Therefore, as long as the reimbursement electronic flow was submitted, the financial department would make a quick payment, and the paper voucher could be supplemented later. If an employee was found cheating, his credit level would be lowered and his qualification for quick reimbursement would be disqualified. However, Huizhous company assumes that every employee is likely to cheat, that they have to submit all vouchers before reimbursement, and the process of financial audit is very lengthy.
Although Zhao Qijun quickly adjusted his mind and accepted this phenomenon, the obvious gap laid the groundwork for his later decision to resign and start a business. When you get here, youll find that its not tiring to write code, but its more tiring to communicate with colleagues and understand technical requirements, a number of manong with similar experience told Yi magazine
Life pressure has been reduced, but workplace anxiety has not disappeared
Although a programmer of the second line of the city is not able to avoid the fierce competition of the citys second line technical personnel, there is no way to avoid the problem. What needs to be vigilant is that the career planning outlined in the first tier cities may not be applicable to the second tier and third tier cities, and the logic of choosing a company can not follow the conventional thinking.
Guo Jianhui has suffered in this respect. His previous work experiences were in big cities such as Hangzhou and Beijing, and all of them were in the development posts of large Internet factories. In Beijing, he also entered an education start-up company. In 2018, in order to reunite with his parents and children, Guo Jianhui plans to return to his hometown of Jinan, but the process of transferring took him three months.
In his words, Jinan is a city lacking the Internet gene. Most of the traditional industries here are. After several companies communicate with each other, he finds that most of the development projects of these companies are in the form of outsourcing, and the bosss description of development needs is not even clear. Therefore, later, Guo Jianhui no longer considered some large-scale enterprises, but wanted to find a start-up company that could grow together.
If I had to do it again now, it would have been quite different. He told Yi magazine. However, unfortunately, he did not find such an ideal small and beautiful company in the end. After weighing various conditions, he chose a start-up company with relatively higher treatment and more recognition of the companys vision as the technical director.
The reason why Guo Jianhui was a little distressed for a time was that, in this kind of second and third tier cities, a technical director wanted to have a good career development, in addition to good skills, he also needed more soft skills. For example, he has to work with marketing personnel to write solutions and get projects, and directly connect with customers at B and g-end. In large companies, this is more about the content that marketing department and product department need to participate in. Guo Jianhui was not good at it before.
People who understand the recruitment market will know that there are a large number of TOC Internet products in the first tier cities, which require people to be good at dealing with high concurrency and other technical problems, and constantly iterate; while the second and third tier cities need more people who do software systems, which are tob. For programmers, these are two different talent models. Said Bauer.
In her opinion, before going to the second and third tier cities to find a job, programmers had better fully understand the current situation of local industries and give priority to local advantageous industries, such as game enterprises in Chengdu, software enterprises in Pearl River Delta, and e-commerce and live broadcasting enterprises in Jiangsu, Zhejiang and Shanghai. In addition, the informatization department of large state-owned enterprises is also a choice with high stability coefficient.
Guos 24-hour working in a small company like jianoncall, however, has not been controlled by the spirit of working in a small company, such as the first-line company.
Technology is a common anxiety of industry practitioners. This is especially true for programmers in second and third tier cities. Internet companies in the first tier cities are usually the gathering places of technological talents. Whether it is internal discussions or private exchange activities, the IT atmosphere is stronger than that in the second and third tier cities. At the same time, the pace of life in the second and third tier cities is more comfortable, so many programmers will lose the motivation to explore new technologies.
However, if the learning of new technologies is relaxed, programmers in second and third tier cities are likely to suffer from the afterwave from first tier cities.
In order to avoid falling behind, many programmers will keep pace with the first tier cities in terms of community and knowledge payment. In fact, learning this matter has nothing to do with the city. Now there are less working hours, but more time to read books and research new technologies. In the first tier cities, you may just be busy writing code and moving bricks. Xu Yue said that at the same time, he is pleased that Jinhua has successively built a number of science and Technology Parks in recent years, including the operation teams of Ali and Baidu, which have improved the IT atmosphere here.
Some returned to the first tier cities, others became slash youth
A necessary psychological preparation is to be prepared to overcome sense of loss when you come to the second and third tier cities - less efficient workflow, less innovative technology, less ambitious corporate vision, working with people who are not big cattle, sharply reduced salaries and benefits, and a less cool life circle.
Especially for programmers, going back to their hometown is not a simple choice of cities, but a series of combination choices. It is necessary to investigate whether there are matching positions. If team cooperation is needed, it also depends on whether there is such an environment in the local area, and life level should also be considered. Although it is said that the second and third tier cities are quiet for years, whether you can really quiet after you go there. Said Bauer.
Being acclimatized to the second and third tier cities, some farmers fled back to the first tier cities.
There are many such cases around Guo Jianhui. A company spent several months digging up directors of a large factory in a first tier city. Only the headhunting fee was as high as tens of thousands of yuan. However, within half a year, these directors left and returned to the first tier cities one after another. They were unable to adapt to the differences in salary, company atmosphere and work style, which was inconsistent with their career planning.
Zhao Qijun also encountered a similar career bottleneck. In 2015, he was already in the middle level of the companys information management department. When you get to the middle level, you will find a lot of structural problems in the company, and some things passed down from top to bottom. You know that it is wrong, but you still have to implement it. It will feel ridiculous.
Buddy city is trying to export the IT knowledge to a official account called little leap programmer. Many of the driving forces come from small partners who are sideline in big cities. For example, he saw a programmer in Hangzhou using the weekend time to be a tour guide in West Lake. Some people do the sideline of short video production in second and third tier cities, or use the technology accumulation of big cities to provide technical consulting services for some small companies. These part-time jobs can not only increase income, but also improve the sense of fullness of life.
However, Xu Yue will still advise programmers who have the idea of returning to second and third tier cities to be cautious and cautious. Wang mani in just 30 is an example. After living in a big city for a long time, many imperceptible habits are unknown to you. He said.
In the first half of this year, Zhao Qijuns company has grown to more than 20 people. He has just bought a school district house of 20000 yuan / m2 in Huizhou. Interestingly, as the R & D and product director of the company, he has resumed the work rhythm of 8 in the morning, 8 in the morning and 8 in the week, and even plans to transfer to the sales post next year to try for a period of time to challenge himself.
Zhao Qijun found that in his circle of friends, there are many over 30-year-old programmers who will think about living in a less stressful city. Some of them will switch to civil servants or do small businesses with the savings saved in first tier cities. However, he would suggest that young IT workers should go to the first tier cities for more years, so that they can have more choices in the second and third tier cities.
Some people may know what they want to do when they are teenagers, and then keep moving towards this goal. They are very firm in every step. However, some people work in the first tier cities and feel that they are under great pressure and cant afford to buy a house. When they return to small cities, they are not willing to accept it. They are afraid that there will be no opportunities, so they make a trade-off between them. If you think that way, it means you are just like me Zhao Qijun said, and what we have the ability to do is not set limits for our own lives.
(Zhao Qijun is not his real name at the request of the interviewee)