Competition of GDP of Brand B cities: the best B city in Guangdong Province

category:Finance
 Competition of GDP of Brand B cities: the best B city in Guangdong Province


The GDP of four cities exceeds one trillion yuan

According to the data, in 2019, among the 26 b-brand cities, the top ten GDP cities are Guangdong B Shenzhen, Zhejiang B Ningbo, Jiangsu B Wuxi, Lu B Qingdao, Liaoning B Dalian, Hebei B Tangshan, Anhui B Wuhu, Gan B Ganzhou, GUI B Liuzhou and Xiang B Zhuzhou. Among them, the GDP of Shenzhen, Ningbo, Wuxi and Qingdao in 2019 exceeds trillion yuan.

In 2019, Shenzhen will realize GDP of 692.709 billion yuan, an increase of 6.7% over the previous year, ranking the third in China after Shanghai and Beijing. At the same time, Shenzhen is also the only b-brand city with a population of more than 10 million and the city with the largest number of cars. By the end of 2019, the number of vehicles in Shenzhen will reach 3.434 million, ranking seventh among cities in China.

From the perspective of the total GDP of b-brand cities, it shows a decreasing pattern from the southeast coast to the northern coastal area and then to the central and western regions. The top six cities are all from the eastern coastal and northeastern coastal provinces. On the one hand, the eastern coastal areas are economically developed, so the economic development of Brand B cities is relatively good; on the other hand, most of these provinces have twin or multi satellite, that is, in addition to the provincial capital, there are other central cities, so the total economic volume of Brand B cities is relatively large.

In contrast, the GDP of six b-brand cities is less than 100 billion yuan. Except Sanya, a province with a small economic aggregate, all the other five cities are from the western region. This is mainly due to the relatively poor objective conditions of economic development in many provinces in the western region, such as less plains, barren land, relatively backward transportation infrastructure, etc., and the gap between non provincial capital cities and provincial capital cities is relatively large.

GDP of 4 cities exceeds provincial capital

Peng Peng, executive chairman of the Guangdong Provincial Institute of restructuring, analyzed to the first finance and economics reporter that the system of separate listing of plans has greatly promoted the development of these cities, and has delegated some autonomy to cities and enterprises, so as to give them more space for development and to mobilize the enthusiasm of local governments. Of course, the economic development foundation of these cities is also relatively good.

Compared with the provincial capital cities of their provinces, the GDP of four brand-b cities exceeds the provincial capitals, namely Guangdong B Shenzhen, Lu B Qingdao, Liao B Dalian and Ji B Tangshan. Among them, Shenzhen, Qingdao and Dalian are cities with separate plans.

According to the statistical yearbook of Guangdong Province, in 2012, the GDP of Shenzhen was 134.9627 billion yuan, while that of Guangzhou, the provincial capital, was 1319.469 billion yuan. It is precisely from 2012 that Shenzhen surpassed Guangzhou and rose to the third place in China. In the next few years, the gap between the two has widened. By 2018, Shenzhens GDP has been 422.356 billion yuan ahead of Guangzhou. Although the gap has narrowed in 2019, it is still 329.9 billion yuan. Shenzhens catching up with Guangzhou mainly relies on modern service industries such as high-tech industries and finance.

Both Qingdao and Dalian are important ports in modern times. After the reform and opening up, they both belong to the ranks of coastal open cities. Driven by the export-oriented economy, they both surpass the provincial capitals located in the relatively inland areas. Tangshan is an old industrial base in China. It has a good development foundation and is located in the core area of Beijing Tianjin Hebei Urban Agglomeration. In contrast, Shijiazhuang, the provincial capital, has a relatively low primacy. In the case of Beijing and Tianjin municipalities, its radiation and leading role in the surrounding areas need to be strengthened.

Niu Fengrui, a researcher at the urban development and environment research center of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, analyzed to the first financial reporter that there are two centers in a province. This tale of two cities is a very important phenomenon in China, but this phenomenon is mainly in the coastal areas. The b-brand cities in the Gemini are developing well, but it is difficult to have Gemini in the inland, because the factor allocation, geographical location and transportation advantages are all concentrated in the provincial capital cities.

In addition, although GDP of some b-brand cities is lower than that of provincial capitals, they have been higher than provincial capitals for a long time. For example, after the reform and opening up, South Jiangsu, close to Shanghai, has developed its economy at a high speed with the development of export-oriented industries. For many years, the GDP of Suzhou and Wuxi ranked first and second respectively in Jiangsu, while Nanjing, the capital city of Jiangsu, could only rank third, which was nicknamed Su Xiaosan. However, in 2014, Nanjing surpassed Wuxi at one stroke, ranking second in the province, and Wuxi retreated to the third place in Jiangsu Province.

For another example, Baotou is an important heavy industry base in China and an important economic center of Inner Mongolia. For a long time before, Baotous GDP exceeded that of Hohhot, the capital of the autonomous region. In recent years, with the rapid development of Hohhot, Baotou has been surpassed by it. However, at present, the largest economic city in Inner Mongolia is still not Hohhot, but Ordos, which is rapidly rising due to coal resources in the new century.

Some cities are developing slowly

Generally speaking, a considerable number of B brand cities are still the second largest cities in their provinces.

However, due to the current license plate sequence was formulated in the early 1990s, many b-brand cities can only be said to be the second largest city in the province at that time, and mainly benefited from the precipitation of the planned economy era or the development of the mining industry. Since then, with the continuous development of the market economy after the reform and opening up, due to the inflexible system and mechanism of some cities, under the impact of marketization, the transformation is very difficult and the development is relatively slow.

There are also Huangshi in Hubei Province and Datong in Shanxi Province. Huangshi is a typical resource-based city. Before the 1990s, Huangshi city scale and industrial and agricultural output value had been ranked second in Hubei Province. However, since then, Huangshi has gradually become a resource exhausted city. Last year, Huangshis GDP ranked only tenth in Hubei Province. At present, the two provincial sub central cities built by Hubei are Xiangyang and Yichang.

In the early 1990s, both Jilin and Hei B Qiqihar were big cities with more than one million urban population. At that time, the urban population of Xiamen, Ningbo and other cities in the South were only a few hundred thousand. But now, the total GDP of Jilin and Qiqihar are only more than 100 billion yuan, which is only equivalent to the level of some developed counties along the southeast coast.

Ding Changfa, associate professor of Economics Department of Xiamen University, analyzed the first financial reporter that urban expansion and contraction are normal phenomena in the process of urban development. Including Jilin, Qiqihar and other heavy and chemical industrial cities, in the planned economy era, because of the large-scale heavy industry, urban development is very prominent. But under the market economy system, the system and mechanism of these cities are backward. At present, the full competition between cities, including talents, enterprises, funds and other elements can be freely selected, which will flow to cities with higher efficiency of resource allocation. On the other hand, brand B cities are not immutable. For example, in Sichuan, before Chongqing was directly under the central government, the license plate number was Chuan B. After Chongqing was directly under the central government in 1997, the original Sichuan Gs Mianyang obtained the Sichuan B license. Mianyang is not only the second largest economic city in Sichuan, but also an important science and technology city. In Yunnan, Cloud B originally belonged to Dongchuan. However, at the end of 1998, Dongchuan, a prefecture level city, was abolished and merged into Kunming to become Dongchuan District of Kunming city. Since then, the license of Cloud B has disappeared. Source: Chen Hequn, editor in charge of Finance and Economics_ NB12679

Ding Changfa, associate professor of Economics Department of Xiamen University, analyzed the first financial reporter that urban expansion and contraction are normal phenomena in the process of urban development. Including Jilin, Qiqihar and other heavy and chemical industrial cities, in the planned economy era, because of the large-scale heavy industry, urban development is very prominent. But under the market economy system, the system and mechanism of these cities are backward. At present, the full competition between cities, including talents, enterprises, funds and other elements can be freely selected, which will flow to cities with higher efficiency of resource allocation.

On the other hand, brand B cities are not immutable. For example, in Sichuan, before Chongqing was directly under the central government, the license plate number was Chuan B. After Chongqing was directly under the central government in 1997, the original Sichuan Gs Mianyang obtained the Sichuan B license. Mianyang is not only the second largest economic city in Sichuan, but also an important science and technology city.

In Yunnan, Cloud B originally belonged to Dongchuan. However, at the end of 1998, Dongchuan, a prefecture level city, was abolished and merged into Kunming to become Dongchuan District of Kunming city. Since then, the license of Cloud B has disappeared.