Why did Shenzhen, which once led the competition for talents, fail to select the best talent introduction city? Why can the new first tier cities rise strongly in attracting talents? What are the characteristics of Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao in attracting talents?
Shenzhen is easy to attract and difficult to keep
As a matter of fact, in April this year, Zhilian recruitment and Evergrande Research Institute jointly released the Chinas City talent attraction ranking 2020 report, which showed that Shenzhen ranked second only to Shanghai. With the rapid development of Shenzhens economy and talent second batch, talent tax reduction and other great efforts to attract talents, the proportion of net talent inflow increased from - 0.2% to 0.2% from 2016 to 2019.
Why did the net inflow of talents still fail in the list of the best talent introduction cities? Guo Sheng, CEO of Zhaopin recruitment, told the 21st century economic report that although Shenzhen has done very well in attracting talents, it has made it particularly difficult for Shenzhen to retain talents.
To be selected as the best talent introduction City, we need to look at several indexes such as attracting talents and retaining talents. The cost of living in Shenzhen is relatively high, so Shenzhens talent introduction index is very bright, developing rapidly, and there are many employment opportunities. However, peoples sense of happiness in Shenzhen may not be very high, including housing prices, education, medical care and other public service infrastructure are weak, which is very worthy of our vigilance. Guo Sheng believes that Shenzhen is a typical fast in and fast out situation. Young people are willing to work in Shenzhen, but after a certain period of time, talent outflow is also very strong.
The reporter of 21st century economic report also found that many foreign high-tech talents face problems such as childrens education and family medical services when they choose to work and start their own businesses in China. A talent introduction agency in Shenzhen said, according to our experience in mining talents from Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Silicon Valley and other places, many of them are willing to come to work in Shenzhen. However, once they consider the problems of childrens education and medical facilities, many people begin to hesitate.
I noticed that the Greater Bay area of Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao attracts more talents from the outside, and a lot of talents flow into the area, but the internal flow of talents is relatively weak.
Spillover effect dividend of new front line
The 21st century economic reporter noted that the new first tier cities, including Hangzhou, Chengdu, Suzhou and Qingdao, have performed well in attracting and retaining talents.
In Guo Shengs view, the new first tier cities are very strong in attracting and retaining talents. Some megacities will have spillover effects when their infrastructure fails to keep up with a certain extent, and most of the spillover talents will choose to go to the new first tier cities. For example, the new first tier cities, represented by Hangzhou and Chengdu, have attracted a lot of talents overflowing from megacities.
According to the recruitment research of Zhaopin, the main body of talent flow is young people with high education background. In 2020, more than 4% of the newly added job seekers across the country will be 21-25 years old, and more than 70% of them have college degree or above. Among these talents, 69% of them pay attention to salary, 43% pay attention to welfare, 32% pay attention to training and development, and about 13% pay attention to whether to solve the household registration.
However, if Guo Sheng becomes a first-line City, it will also be reminded that once it becomes a super city, it will also reduce the capacity of its first-line hospitals, because it will also reduce the capacity of a new super city.
Solving the shortage of labor bonus with high quality employment
The Fifth Plenary Session of the 19th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China put forward more full and higher quality employment and emphasized full and high-quality employment.
In Guo Shengs view, the so-called high-quality employment refers to the improvement of personal labor efficiency. For example, whether their labor efficiency has been fully demonstrated within 8 hours, whether the personal labor efficiency has reached the highest, whether the back is matched with interests and skills, and whether the organizational environment is good. Full employment refers more to whether the person has brought his or her abilities into full play. Even if an individual works for 8 hours and his efficiency is not brought into full play, it is also called underemployment. Why is labor productivity so important? Guo Sheng believes that this is mainly because we have no labor dividend now. Therefore, employment should follow the development of GDP. After the labor population is insufficient and the population is aging, we must solve the problem through the improvement of labor efficiency. Including digitization, flexible employment and so on, are all for the improvement of labor efficiency to solve the above problems, which is an inevitable trend. For more information, please download 21 finance and economics app. Source: 21st century economic report editor in charge: Guo Chenqi_ NBJ9931
In Guo Shengs view, the so-called high-quality employment refers to the improvement of personal labor efficiency. For example, whether their labor efficiency has been fully demonstrated within 8 hours, whether the personal labor efficiency has reached the highest, whether the back is matched with interests and skills, and whether the organizational environment is good. Full employment refers more to whether the person has brought his or her abilities into full play. Even if an individual works for 8 hours and his efficiency is not brought into full play, it is also called underemployment.
For more information, please download the 21 finance and economics app