Housing prices have always been the most serious problem in Shenzhen. After controlling investment and speculation in the first half of the year, there was a large amount of residential land supply in Shenzhen at the end of the year.
On November 23, Shenzhen sold 8 residential land intensively, attracting 28 real estate enterprises to participate in the war and held more than 400 rounds of card raising, with a total transaction price of 33.981 billion yuan. This is the largest land transfer in Shenzhen this year, and it is also the largest centralized large-scale land market in Shenzhen in the past five years.
In fact, in the context of the big policy, the land auction feast in Shenzhen is not an accident. Previously, the Housing Department of Shenzhen city has repeatedly said that it will ease the housing problem in Shenzhen by increasing the supply of residential land and suppress the irrational rise of house prices.
According to the data, as of November 23, Shenzhen has transferred 28 residential land in 2020, which is higher than the total of the past three years. For example, from 2015 to 2019, there are only 6, 6, 3, 10 and 12 residential land sold in Shenzhen.
In the future, Shenzhen will increase the supply of residential land on a large scale. However, there is a process of increasing the supply of land. It is still difficult for Shenzhen to expand its space. The first step is to tap the potential and revitalize the stock of land. For example, the pilot project and exploration have begun to be carried out to transfer other industrial land outside the industrial block line to residential land. It is expected that by the end of the 14th five year plan period, the entire industrial land reserve adjustment plan will be completed one after another Yes. For developers, since there are fewer and fewer new plots in the future, they will naturally grab these lands. Li Yujia, chief researcher of Guangdong housing policy research center, told China real estate news reporter.
Almost all the 28 real estate enterprises that participated in the land auction in Shenzhen on November 23 were listed large real estate enterprises with the background of state-owned enterprises and central enterprises. In addition to China Merchants real estate, China Shipping real estate, Yuexiu real estate, China Resources Land and other familiar land auction markets in Shenzhen, Vanke and jiazhaoye, headquartered in Shenzhen, won the first public bidding and auction lot in Shenzhen within the year. Foreign real estate enterprise new town holding and Anhui Expressway also entered Shenzhen for the first time through this land auction feast.
Mainly because the recent Shenzhen new housing market is relatively hot, most of the new housing market is not worried about selling. At the same time, the national market differentiation is more serious, most of the city market depression, leading to other cities into Shenzhen real estate enterprises Zheng shulun, managing director of Zhongyuan in Shenzhen, told reporters of China real estate news.
The eight residential land transferred into the market are located in Guangming District, Baoan District, Longhua District and Pingshan District, with a total area of 732200 square meters, with a total starting price of 29.442 billion yuan and a total transaction price of 33.981 billion yuan. There are 7 land construction types are ordinary commercial housing, all adopt the double limit and double competition method to sell, and set a certain initial area of talent housing only rent but not sell.
Among them, the Xixiang plot of Baoan, located in the luxury residential area of jiangangshan, is the most intense auction land in the morning, attracting 10 real estate enterprises to bid. After more than 130 rounds of bidding, Vanke won the plot with the highest price limit of 5.998 billion yuan, and built 66000 square meters of talent housing, with a premium rate of 45%.
This is the first time that Vanke has won residential land in Shenzhen open market in six years. The last time it took the land was the commercial land obtained in the Shenzhen Bay super headquarters base in 2017 to build the headquarters of Vanke Group.
However, according to the transfer conditions, after the completion of the plot, the average selling price of ordinary commercial housing shall not be higher than 83265 yuan / square meter, which means that there is only a difference of about 18126 yuan / square meter between the surface price and the highest price. Coupled with various raw materials, capital, manpower, construction and installation costs, the profit margin is very small.
The location of this land is good, surrounded by projects such as Taihe courtyard and Heyue house. Recently, Heyue house has entered the market for many times, showing good performance, so it is favored by developers. The purpose of land acquisition is definitely to make money. Although the price is limited, developers can still break through the price limit by charging decoration fees. At the same time, they can reduce costs by shortening the development cycle. If Longguang Qianhai Tianjing takes land in May, it is expected to launch it in December, so the time from taking land to entering the market is significantly shortened. Mr Cheng commented.
Taking land in Shenzhen is not only a matter of money, but also the capital cost and comprehensive strength of developers, because the profit space of fire property is very small. A real estate company in Shenzhen said frankly.
The competition of Pingshan plot is more intense. 12 real estate enterprises, such as Ping An, Lianfa, poly, China Resources and Vanke, compete with jiazhaoye on the same platform. After 26 rounds of bidding, jiazhaoye + Xincheng consortium, the old to Wang jiazhaoye and Xincheng consortium, won the bid with a ceiling price of 2.8 billion yuan, with a floor price of 26000 yuan / m2 and an over price rate of 45%, and a talent house of 50000 square meters.
Another hot area that was robbed was Guangming district. There were four sales of residential land, with a total starting price of 4.012 billion yuan. The final transaction price was 5.82 billion yuan. The subsidiary enterprises including Jinmao, power construction and CITIC Urban Development Co., Ltd. all had a premium rate of 45%.
In contrast, Baoan Shajing plot and Longhua Dalang plot were both completed at the bottom price, and only one enterprise participated in the bidding for these two plots, which were respectively won by rongchuang + HUAFA consortium with RMB 12.7 billion and Shenzhen Metro Group with RMB 6.65 billion. In terms of the bidding qualification of Longhua Dalang plot, it is clearly required to have experience in construction, operation and property management of mainland metro lines, which is almost internal for Shenzhen railway.
Chen Xiao, an analyst at Zhuge housing data research center, told China real estate news that more than 20 real estate enterprises participated in the land auction, but less than half of them actually participated in the auction. Moreover, some plots in some regions were traded at the bottom price, and the overall bidding heat was lower than last year. This shows that under the pressure of the current tightening of regulatory policies and the new regulation of three red lines for financing, the real estate industry is facing the pressure of tightening regulatory policies and financing three red lines Enterprises are more cautious in taking land.
Shenzhens housing price is stable
Shenzhen, the mega city in China, is actually the smallest in area, with an area of only about 1997 square kilometers. In addition to the insufficient area, it is also due to the structural imbalance of land supply, which is not only limited by 50% ecological red line, but also by 30% industrial block line. The long-term Limited residential land supply is regarded by many people as the main reason for the high housing prices in Shenzhen.
The core effect of regulation is to suppress demand. Shenzhen is still facing greater pressure after the introduction of the new housing policy on July 15.
Now, the painting style of Shenzhens housing policy has changed, and the policy orientation is shifting from suppressing demand as the core to supply side.
During the period of 14 years and five years ago, the Secretary of the Shenzhen Municipal Bureau of construction land has increased from 25% to 25% in the construction land supply of Shenzhen.
According to the 2020 annual implementation plan for housing development issued by Shenzhen Municipal Bureau of housing and urban rural development in April this year, residential land accounts for 22.6% of the citys total construction land, which is lower than the lower limit of 25% - 40% in the relevant national standards.
In the medium and long term, as a benchmark city and a model for the development of modern socialist cities, Shenzhen should keep up with the first tier cities in the world, and will increase land supply on a large scale in the future, which is an inevitable result. However, it is still difficult for Shenzhen to expand its space. It is more important to revitalize the existing land. Li said.
This year, can be said to be the first year of Shenzhens land supply.
According to Meilian property statistics, as of November 23, including the Shenzhen Shantou cooperation zone, 28 residential lands have been sold in Shenzhen this year, covering an area of 1.37 million square meters, with a total transfer amount of 75.8 billion yuan. The three indicators increased by 133% (number of parcels), 206% (land area) and 91% (transaction amount) respectively over the same period of last year. In addition, the amount of non residential land sold in Shenzhen is close to 90 billion yuan this year. In the view of many market participants, the large volume of land auction in Shenzhen will increase market confidence, play a positive complementary role in the future supply of new housing market and ease the contradiction between supply and demand in the market. Under the condition of tightening regulatory policies and increasing residential land supply, Shenzhen property market is expected to gradually stabilize in the future. Chen Xiao said. However, the supply of new housing in Shenzhen is mainly concentrated in the city or the periphery of the region, while the new land in the main urban area is very few. It is expected that the second-hand housing market in Shenzhen will continue to be hot. Li said. As far as Shenzhen is concerned, the land auction feast is not over, and the supply side of Shenzhen is just beginning to realize the stability of the property market. Source: Chen Hequn, editor in charge of China real estate news_ NB12679
According to Meilian property statistics, as of November 23, including the Shenzhen Shantou cooperation zone, 28 residential lands have been sold in Shenzhen this year, covering an area of 1.37 million square meters, with a total transfer amount of 75.8 billion yuan. The three indicators increased by 133% (number of parcels), 206% (land area) and 91% (transaction amount) respectively over the same period of last year. In addition, the amount of non residential land sold in Shenzhen is close to 90 billion yuan this year.
In the view of many market participants, the large volume of land auction in Shenzhen will increase market confidence, play a positive complementary role in the future supply of new housing market and ease the contradiction between supply and demand in the market.
However, the supply of new housing in Shenzhen is mainly concentrated in the city or the periphery of the region, while the new land in the main urban area is very few. It is expected that the second-hand housing market in Shenzhen will continue to be hot. Li said.
As far as Shenzhen is concerned, the land auction feast is not over, and the supply side of Shenzhen is just beginning to realize the stability of the property market.