2u3001 According to the agreement between China and Russia, Premier Li Keqiang of the State Council will hold the 25th regular meeting between Chinese and Russian Prime Ministers in the form of video on December 2 with the Prime Minister of the Russian Federation.
3u3001 Yang Jiechi, member of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee and director of the office of the Central Foreign Affairs Working Committee, will attend the opening ceremony of the 17th China ASEAN Expo and the China ASEAN Business and Investment Summit on November 27.
CCTV reporter: the Ministry of foreign affairs today released President Xi Jinpings video address at the opening ceremony of the seventeenth China ASEAN Expo and the China ASEAN Business and Investment Summit, and the director of Yang Jiechi will attend the opening ceremony. We note that this is the first time that the Chinese president has delivered a speech at the above-mentioned activities. What is Chinas expectation of this Expo and summit?
Zhao Lijian: ASEAN is the priority direction of Chinas Peripheral Diplomacy. In recent years, China ASEAN cooperation in various fields has been continuously deepened and bilateral relations have been strengthened. Novel coronavirus pneumonia has been pull together in times of trouble since the outbreak of the new crown pneumonia. China has been fighting against the epidemic situation and actively promoting economic recovery.
Under the special circumstances of the epidemic, China will host the China ASEAN Expo and the China ASEAN Business and Investment Summit on schedule. President Xi Jinping will deliver a video speech, which fully demonstrates the firm determination of the Chinese side to maintain a higher level of opening to the outside world and to continuously promote the economic and trade cooperation between China and ASEAN.
This year marks the 10th anniversary of the completion of the China ASEAN Free Trade Area. In the past decade, the trade volume between China and ASEAN has doubled, from US $292.8 billion in 2010 to US $641.5 billion in 2019. In the first three quarters of this year, the bilateral trade volume reached US $481.8 billion, an increase of 5% over the same period last year. ASEAN became Chinas largest trading partner for the first time. The economic and trade cooperation between the two sides has greatly promoted each others development and prosperity, which can be called the golden decade of China ASEAN Economic and trade relations.
Yonhap: it is reported that the foreign ministers of China and South Korea held talks today. Can China brief us on the situation?
1u3001 We should continue to strengthen anti epidemic cooperation, strengthen joint prevention and control, and improve and gradually expand the scope of application of fast track. Promote the construction of Northeast Asia health and anti epidemic cooperation mechanism.
4u3001 We will launch the year of cultural exchange between China and South Korea in 2021 and 2022, and prepare to commemorate the 30th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between China and South Korea.
Five, accelerate one belt, one road initiative and the ROKs national development strategy, promote the third party market cooperation, strengthen cooperation in key industries such as emerging industries, and deepen the development of high-quality integration between the two countries.
6u3001 We will reach an agreement on the second phase of the China ROK free trade agreement as soon as possible, and issue the joint plan for China ROK economic and trade cooperation (2021-2025) as soon as possible, so as to create better conditions for bilateral economic and trade cooperation.
7u3001 Support each other in hosting the Beijing Winter Olympic Games and the JiangYuanDao Winter Olympic Games. After the epidemic situation has been effectively controlled, people to people exchanges will be further activated.
8u3001 We will continue to work together to maintain peace and stability on the peninsula and promote the political settlement process of the Peninsula issue. China firmly supports the two sides in improving development relations and promoting reconciliation and cooperation.
9u3001 China supports the ROK in hosting the 9th China Japan ROK leaders meeting. The two sides will work with Japan to actively promote the negotiation process of the China Japan ROK FTA.
10u3001 We should jointly promote the entry into force of the regional comprehensive economic partnership agreement as soon as possible, safeguard multilateralism and free trade, promote the construction of an open world economy, and work together to address global challenges such as climate change.
The foreign ministers of the two countries agreed to follow the strategic guidance of the leaders of the two countries, strengthen communication and exchanges, enhance friendship and mutual trust, deepen practical cooperation, and constantly push the strategic cooperative partnership between China and South Korea to a new level.
China Daily: how does China view the development of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization? What are your expectations for this prime ministers meeting?
Zhao Lijian: since the establishment of SCO for 19 years, it has always maintained the momentum of healthy and stable development, and has successfully explored a new way of cooperation and development of regional organizations. Against the background of the superposition and interweaving of global disasters and the great changes of the century, and the complex and profound evolution of the international and regional situation, the SCO shoulders a more important mission in maintaining regional security and stability and promoting the development and prosperity of all countries. Not long ago, the SCO video summit achieved fruitful results. The leaders of the participating countries drew a blueprint and pointed out the direction for the next stage of SCO development.
The upcoming premier meeting is an important event within the framework of SCO this year. During the meeting, one belt, one road, will be further strengthened by Li Keqiang, who will work with leaders of the participating countries to deepen cooperation in the SCO under the background of the epidemic situation. We should pool more cooperation and consensus and formulate more practical measures to promote the joint development of one belt and one Road cooperation with other countries development strategies and regional cooperation initiatives, and enhance cooperation level in the fields of economy, trade, investment, production, interconnection and humanities. We will help countries recover their economies and improve peoples livelihood, and promote the SCO to develop faster and better.
Zhao Lijian: since the novel coronavirus pneumonia outbreak, China and Russia have been helping each other and working together to fight the epidemic, adding a new connotation to the comprehensive strategic cooperative partnership between China and Russia in the new era. The two sides overcame the impact of the epidemic and promoted the steady development of cooperation in various fields. In the first 10 months of this year, the bilateral trade volume reached 88 billion US dollars, and the decline rate gradually narrowed. Agriculture, energy, cross-border e-commerce and other fields grew against the trend. The year of scientific and technological innovation was successfully launched, and the positive aspects of Sino Russian cooperation continued to accumulate.
As an important platform for overall planning and guidance and promoting pragmatic cooperation and people to people exchanges between the two sides, the regular meetings of Chinese and Russian prime ministers have been held 24 times in a row. The upcoming 25th regular meeting between Chinese and Russian Prime Ministers is an important high-level exchange activity between China and Russia at a special time when the epidemic is spreading globally and the world economy is in recession. It is of great significance to the coordinated promotion of epidemic prevention and control and cooperation in various fields. It will inject stronger impetus into China Russia relations and the common development and revitalization of the two countries, and contribute to the global victory over the epidemic situation and the recovery of economic growth To offer the wisdom and strength of China and Russia.
Beijing Youth Daily: the China Africa Environmental Cooperation Center was launched in Beijing recently. Can you give us more information? How does China evaluate the progress and prospects of China Africa cooperation in the field of environment?
Zhao Lijian: we have released information on the launch of the China Africa Environmental Cooperation Center. I want to emphasize that the launch of the centre is another important progress in the implementation of the Beijing summit of the China Africa Cooperation Forum in 2018. It will build a new platform for the two sides to strengthen exchanges and dialogue on environmental policies, promote exchanges and cooperation in environmental industry and technological information, and conduct joint research on environmental issues. China expects the center to give full play to its platform advantages, enhance the level of exchanges and cooperation between the two sides, and inject new energy into the construction of a community of common destiny for China and Africa.
The earth is the only home for mankind. The people of China and Africa share a common aspiration for a beautiful environment and a better life. Since the establishment of the Forum on China Africa Cooperation (FOCAC), China and Africa have been deepening cooperation in environmental protection, addressing climate change and green development within the framework of the forum. Cooperation plans and action measures in relevant fields have been issued at all previous forum meetings. In 2018, the Beijing summit of China Africa Cooperation Forum decided to implement eight initiatives including green development. Over the past two years, China and Africa have jointly implemented a number of green environmental protection, disaster prevention and mitigation and clean energy cooperation projects, and the implementation of the summit results has achieved positive results.
China Africa cooperation in the field of ecological environment protection and green development has great potential and broad prospects. China is willing to continue to work with Africa to advocate a green, low-carbon, circular and sustainable development mode, jointly protect green mountains, green waters and all living things, so as to make China and Africa become beautiful homes where people and nature live in harmony.
Reuters: the U.S. special representative for Iran affairs, Abrams, said on Wednesday that the United States would impose sanctions on four entities, including Chinese companies, for supporting Irans missile program. What is Chinas comment on this?
Zhao Lijian: China has made solemn representations to the United States on this matter. China has always firmly opposed unilateral sanctions and long arm jurisdiction imposed by the United States on other countries. We urge the US side to immediately correct its wrong practices and lift these illegal sanctions. China will continue to work to safeguard the international non-proliferation system, strictly fulfill its international non-proliferation obligations, and firmly safeguard its own legitimate rights and interests.
South China Morning Post reporter: 25, President Xi Jinping called Biden to congratulate him on his election as president of the United States. Does China have any contact with Biden team? Or is there any plan to establish contact and communication channels with Biden team in the near future and negotiate on the development of Sino US relations?
South Koreas CNN reporter: will President Xi Jinping visit South Korea in the near future?
Zhao Lijian: as the most important form of high-level exchanges, head of state diplomacy plays an irreplaceable role in the development of bilateral relations. China and South Korea have always maintained close communication on exchanges and cooperation in various fields, including high-level exchanges.
Reuters: it is reported that India has tightened the quality licensing of electronic products from China, which has slowed down the customs clearance of Apples new mobile phones and affected the entry of other products such as Xiaomi mobile phones into the Indian market. Industry insiders say this is related to the recent tension between China and India. What is Chinas comment on this?
Zhao Lijian: I made clear Chinas position on Indias relevant practices yesterday.
The relevant practices of India obviously violate the market principles and WTO rules, seriously damage the legitimate rights and interests of Chinese enterprises, and are not conducive to Indias domestic investment and the development of relevant industries in India. The essence of China India Economic and trade cooperation is mutual benefit and win-win. We have always urged the Indian side to immediately correct the discriminatory practices and avoid causing greater harm to the cooperation between the two sides. India should provide a non discriminatory and fair competition environment for all foreign enterprises, including Chinese enterprises.