According to the current retirement system in China, female cadres can retire only when they are 55 years old and workers are 50 years old.
The reason why we should implement the postponement of retirement lies in the increasingly aging situation in China. According to the National Bureau of statistics, by the end of 2019, there are about 254 million people aged 60 or above in China, accounting for 18.1% of the total population.
In the face of the severe situation of aging population, the proposal of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China on formulating the 14th five year plan for national economic and social development and the long-term goal for the year 2035 (hereinafter referred to as the proposal) authorized by Xinhua News Agency recently pointed out that the legal retirement age should be gradually postponed. In this regard, China Economic Weekly first published the interpretation of the article caused concern.
Economist Ma Guangyuan recently expressed his strong support for delaying retirement, and he was willing to work until he was 80 years old or even work for life.
Some netizens expressed their support for the postponement of retirement, pointing out that we should look at the problems from the overall perspective. The times are advancing and the society is developing. Any new thing must have its advantages and disadvantages. We should seek common ground and keep small differences. Only when there is a country can we have a family, if our country is rich, our people will be strong.
Yang Lixiong, deputy director of China Social Security Research Center of Renmin University of China, told China Economic Weekly that some women would retire at the age of 50, which is too early. Therefore, it is urgent to unify the retirement age of men and women. He believes that the first step is that women can be unified to 55 years old, and then gradually extended to 60 years old; men also start to extend after women are unified to 55 years old. When womens retirement age is delayed to 60 years old, men should be delayed to 62 and 63 years old, and then unified to 65 years old. On the basis of keeping small step and slow step by step, women can be a little faster and men can be slower.
Many netizens agreed with Yang Lixiong. Some netizens said that it is indeed too early for women to retire at 50, which is unfair for men to retire when they are 60 years old. There is a big difference between the two, and women should postpone their retirement to 60 years old.
Some netizens also said that women are 50 years old and very young. In addition, women have a long life span. They can retire at 55 or 60 years old. Most of the people aged 60 in rural areas are engaged in labor.
Ma Guangyuan is even more outspoken. He said that delaying retirement is not really a question of whether to discuss it or not, but that it has been determined to implement it. Faced with the collapse of the global pension system, you have to work more or take less. If you dont extend your retirement, who will support you in the future and where can I afford to support you? Its easy to say that an objection to the extension is to please the people. After you oppose it, you will have no pension and you will keep it?
Can the 35 year old recruitment age limit be lifted first?
What caused netizens to argue is the phenomenon of 35 years old.
The reporter of China Economic Weekly sorted out the age requirements for candidates for the national civil service examination from 2015 to 2020, and found that the regulations in the past six years were very stable. Except that the current graduate students (including masters and non on-the-job doctoral students) must be over 18 years old and under 40 years old, other personnel are required to be over 18 years old and under 35 years old. Only candidates within this age range can apply for the national civil service examination.
Not only the civil servant examination, but also in the recruitment of enterprises, whether state-owned or private, in addition to special positions, most of the recruitment is also limited to the age of 35.
Industry analysis shows that before the implementation of gradual delayed retirement, it is necessary to eliminate the system obstacles of the 35 year old age requirement in real recruitment. From the perspective of employment discrimination, not only civil servants, but also the general posts in society can not be distinguished by age and gender. From a fair point of view, it is unreasonable to limit the age of applicants.
Enforcement or flexibility?
Another issue that has caused netizens debate is whether to adopt mandatory or flexible retirement delay in a gradual way.
In fact, as early as five years ago, the postponement of retirement had been implemented in female cadres and intellectuals. On February 16, 2015, the Organization Department of the CPC Central Committee and the Ministry of human resources and Social Security jointly issued a notice saying that female cadres at the principal and Deputy levels in party and government organs, peoples organizations and public institutions, as well as female professional and technical personnel with senior titles, will retire at the age of 60. The notice said that the retirement age of female cadres at the department level was delayed in order to give full play to the role of female leading cadres and professional and technical personnel.
After the introduction of this policy, it did not adopt a one size fits all approach, but adopted a certain degree of flexibility in promoting. For women cadres and high-level intellectuals who have reached the retirement age of 55, they are allowed to voluntarily choose whether to retire or delay to 60.
With the further promotion of the gradual delayed retirement system, Yang Lixiong predicted that the female cadres and senior intellectuals at the department level who reached the retirement age of 55 were less likely to choose on their own, and they were likely to implement the system uniformly.
This triggered a discussion among netizens. Some netizens think that according to the characteristics of the industry, it is better to adopt flexible retirement. It is up to you to decide whether to retire at a certain point. If you are in good health and are willing to continue to work for a few more years, those who are not in good health or want to retire will retire.
Some netizens also suggested that the difference of occupation should be considered in the delayed retirement, and then the elastic retirement age should be considered on the basis of this.
On the one hand, it is the aging of the social population, on the other hand, it is difficult for young people to find jobs. In view of the structural contradiction of Chinas population age, some netizens suggest that retirement should be postponed for half a year every three years. After all, the retirement at a certain age at one time will exert great pressure on the society. Although the netizens discussed warmly, objectively speaking, with the acceleration of the aging population and the reduction of the birth rate, peoples understanding of delayed retirement has become more tolerant and acceptable. A few days ago, a report completed by Tongfang global life and Tsinghua University School of economics and management showed that the retirement preparation index of Chinese residents in 2020 was 6.23, slightly up from 6.15 in 2019. Industry analysis shows that, to a certain extent, peoples understanding of delayed retirement has become more and more rational, and there is a better foundation for the gradual postponement of retirement policy. Source: Chen Hequn, editor in charge of China Economic Weekly_ NB12679
On the one hand, it is the aging of the social population, on the other hand, it is difficult for young people to find jobs. In view of the structural contradiction of Chinas population age, some netizens suggest that retirement should be postponed for half a year every three years. After all, the retirement at a certain age at one time will exert great pressure on the society.
Although the netizens discussed warmly, objectively speaking, with the acceleration of the aging population and the reduction of the birth rate, peoples understanding of delayed retirement has become more tolerant and acceptable.