It is reported that the open sky treaty was signed in 1992 and entered into force in 2002. Participating countries of the Treaty can conduct unarmed aerial reconnaissance of each others territory according to the provisions. 35 countries, including the United States and Russia, have signed the treaty. The treaty is an important confidence building measure after the end of the cold war, which helps to enhance transparency and reduce the risk of conflict.
The United States is back in the pack again!
Trump said in May that Moscow had not complied with the treatys commitments and said it would formally withdraw from the treaty in six months. According to reports, the US State Department said in a statement on Sunday that the withdrawal of the United States will take effect on November 22, and the United States is no longer a party to the open sky treaty. TheUSwithdrawaltookeffectonNovember22,2020,andtheUnitedStatesisnolongeraStatePartytotheTreatyonOpenSkies,theUSStateDepartmentsaidinastatementSunday.
In response, the Russian Foreign Ministry issued a statement on the same day, saying that the withdrawal of the United States from the open sky treaty is not conducive to the security of Europe, nor to the security of the United States itself and its allies. Russia will pay close attention to and analyze the words and deeds of other members of the treaty, and make relevant decisions based on the security interests of Russia and its allies.
Russia: US approach is not conducive to its own and regional security
The statement said the U.S. has previously accused Russia of violating the open sky treaty without any basis. Just as the US side has done in other arms control treaties, it is intentional to destroy the open sky treaty. The choice of the US side has not benefited the security of Europe, the United States and its allies. Russia hopes that the existing members of the open sky treaty will strictly perform their duties, ensure that their territory is subject to reconnaissance and that they do not transfer relevant information on their reconnaissance flights to third-party states that are not members. Russia is observing the consistency of words and deeds of other treaty Member States and will make appropriate decisions based on the security interests of Russia and its allies.
On the same day, Peskov, the press secretary of the Russian President, expressed regret for the formal withdrawal of the United States from the open sky treaty, believing that the withdrawal of the United States made the treaty more infeasible.
Over the past few months, Russia has repeatedly called for equal dialogue on the open sky treaty, but the US side seems to have decided to withdraw and has never responded positively.
The treaty is an important confidence building measure after the cold war
The open sky treaty was signed in 1992 and entered into force in 2002. The main content of the treaty stipulates that States parties may conduct unarmed aerial reconnaissance on each others territory in accordance with the provisions, so as to check their implementation of the international arms control treaty. The treaty is an important confidence building measure after the end of the cold war, which helps to enhance military transparency and reduce the risk of conflict. The United States, Russia and most NATO countries signed the treaty.
On May 22 this year, the US State Department informed other parties to the Treaty of its decision to withdraw from the treaty, saying that the United States would formally withdraw from the treaty in six months unless Russia could re implement the treaty. Russia has repeatedly refuted the US accusation.
Many European countries have expressed regret for the US move
As for the withdrawal of the United States from the open sky treaty, as early as may 22 this year, foreign ministers of France, Germany and other European countries issued a joint statement expressing regret over the intention of the United States to withdraw from the open sky treaty. The statement pointed out that the open sky treaty is an important measure to strengthen the military mutual trust of the parties, aiming at increasing the transparency and security of the euro Atlantic region. The countries that issued the joint declaration will continue to implement the treaty, and the treaty itself will remain in force. The statement also said that for the problems existing in the implementation of the treaty, all countries will continue to engage in dialogue with Russia.
What is the impact of US withdrawal from the open sky treaty
Experts said that the withdrawal of the United States from the open sky treaty is in fact in line with the trump administrations withdrawal from the group. In order to strengthen its eastward expansion of NATO, especially in Eastern Europe, the United States found an excuse to say that it was violated by Russia, so it withdrew. In short, its withdrawal from the treaty is a very bullying way to squeeze Russia.
The impact of its withdrawal from the treaty has brought about very unstable factors in the region. In fact, the tension between the two sides should be said to be very uncertain, whether it is Ukraine or some places where the former three Baltic States have borders with Russia. In this case, if there is still an open sky treaty, it will at least provide a channel for military transparency for both sides. In this way, in some cases, it is also a mechanism to alleviate accidental gunfire or friction between the Eastern European part of NATO and Russia.
Such a confrontation between NATO and Russia is exacerbated by the withdrawal. In fact, Russia is willing to be transparent, but the United States has now withdrawn alone, so it has become a situation in which both sides do not know each others situation, which may increase friction or antagonism between the two sides.
In fact, before withdrawing from the open sky treaty, the United States had already withdrawn from a number of agreements and treaties aimed at maintaining global security and stability. Although it has been widely criticized by the international community, the United States still insists on its own course.
What groups has the United States retreated in recent years?
Lets take a look at the number of groups that Trumps government has retreated from over the years: January 23, 2017, trans Pacific Partnership Agreement, June 1, 2017, Paris climate change agreement, October 12, 2017, UNESCO, Global Compact on migration, May 8, 2018, Iran nuclear agreement, June 19, 2018, United Nations Human Rights Council, and Vienna Convention on diplomatic relations on October 3, 2018 18.10.17 withdrawal from the Universal Postal Union (the organizations international postal tariff regulations hurt American enterprises) on August 2, 2019, Secretary of state pompeio issued a statement saying that the United States officially withdrew from the China Missile Treaty on July 6, 2020, and announced its withdrawal from the World Health Organization (who) on November 22, 2020 The government threatened South Korea to terminate the US ROK free trade agreement; in August 2018, it threatened to withdraw from NAFTA, forcing Canada and Mexico to negotiate with the United States separately; since 2018, it has repeatedly threatened to withdraw from the WTO.
Will Biden join Trumps group back?
Although trump has not admitted that he was defeated in the U.S. general election in 2020, Biden seems to be ready to add back the groups that trump withdrew after taking office.
In addition, Biden announced in his victory speech on the 7th that he would build a new epidemic response team composed of medical experts on the first day of his term to deal with the new epidemic.
Washington Post said that during the campaign, Biden repeatedly promised that he would overturn Trumps retreat decision on his first day in office.
The trump administration plans to blacklist 89 more Chinese enterprises
On November 23, local time, a draft list released by Reuters showed that the trump government was about to announce that it would list 89 enterprises involved in Chinas aerospace and other fields as related to military activities and restrict their purchase of a series of US goods and technologies.
Reuters said the list was compiled by the U.S. Department of Commerce, but a Commerce Department spokesman declined to comment. The report said that once the list is released, it will further aggravate Sino US trade tensions and cause direct damage to American companies that sell civil aviation parts to China.
Response from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs
On November 23, foreign ministry spokesman Zhao Lijian presided over a regular press conference. A reporter asked, according to a US draft list disclosed by the media, the trump government is about to announce that 89 Chinese enterprises are related to the military and will restrict them from purchasing a series of us products and technologies. What is Chinas comment on this? Zhao Lijian said that China firmly opposes the US sides groundless crackdown on Chinese enterprises, and has repeatedly expressed its solemn position on this issue. What the United States has done seriously violates the market competition principles and international economic and trade rules that the United States has always boasted, and will certainly damage the national interests and self-image of the United States. Chinese enterprises always adhere to the legal and compliance operation, and strictly abide by the laws and regulations of various countries, including the United States law, in the international operation. The US side should stop generalizing the concept of national security and crack down on the wrong behavior of foreign enterprises. Source: Zhong Qiming, editor in charge of China fund daily_ NF5619
On November 23, foreign ministry spokesman Zhao Lijian presided over a regular press conference. A reporter asked, according to a US draft list disclosed by the media, the trump government is about to announce that 89 Chinese enterprises are related to the military and will restrict them from purchasing a series of us products and technologies. What is Chinas comment on this?