Minmin, from Yunnan, has been working in the service industry in Beijing for three years. She told reporters that many of the villagers who worked together last year have not returned to their posts this year. The person in charge of the restaurant told reporters that at present, the restaurant has many stores in Beijing, and the most lacking is front office service personnel like Minmin. In order to make up for the employment gap, the restaurant manager racked his brains to open the fancy Recruitment mode.
Sun Yulan, HR Director of a restaurant in Beijing: internal employees can recommend talents. If they introduce their relatives and friends to our company, we will reward them. This years pay rise is between 10% and 15%.
The data shows that this year, the number of job seekers in China dropped from 743000 in the second quarter to 492000 in the third quarter, and the employment gap also increased from 746000 in the second quarter to 824000. The top three of the top 100 jobs that lack jobs come from the service industry: marketers, cleaners and restaurant attendants.
High demand for blue collar workers in manufacturing industry
It is not only the service industry, but also the demand for blue collar workers is rising rapidly with the increase of manufacturing orders in the second half of the year. In recent years, due to the popularity of technical jobs, the salary standard of some blue collar workers has already exceeded that of ordinary white-collar workers. This year, the gap is even greater.
Fan Danliang is the workshop director of a kitchen utensils manufacturing enterprise in Cixi, Ningbo. He told reporters that in recent years, the factory has carried out intelligent transformation of production lines, greatly easing the pressure of recruiting general workers. But the new problem comes, the wages of the workers who can operate the intelligent production line are really high.
Fan Danliang, director of Technology Department of a kitchen utensils manufacturing factory in Zhejiang Province: when we recruit, we will provide more than the average salary of the market, and the salary of some positions is about twice that of ordinary white-collar workers. At the same time, we will provide professional skills training to give them more promotion opportunities.
In Beijing, reporters have seen the same situation. Zong Quanli is the leader of a printing and processing enterprise. He told reporters that at present, the most lacking in the industry is the workers who can skillfully use the imported printing machines. However, due to the fact that black-and-white printing has to be studied for about half a year and color printing for about a year, many young people cant bear to be lonely and unwilling to be apprentices in factories.
A printing enterprise in Beijing is working hard: the salary is quite good, which is one grade higher than the office staff, and the technical posts are relatively short of staff.
According to the data, in the third quarter of this year, 19 of the top 100 occupations with the most serious job shortage in China were directly related to the manufacturing industry, such as instrument manufacturer and auto parts remanufacturing worker; however, the shortage of assembly fitter and tool fitter is still increasing. In recent years, the wages of blue collar workers, especially skilled workers, have risen rapidly, and the monthly wages of a large number of jobs have already exceeded 10000 yuan. Meanwhile, the average starting salary for the first job of 2020 college graduates is 5290 yuan.
The structural contradiction of employment difficulty in manufacturing industry has not been fundamentally alleviated
In fact, the labor shortage of service industry and manufacturing industry is not a new topic. In the investigation, the reporter found that, with the renewal and iteration of migrant workers, the structural contradiction of labor shortage has not been fundamentally alleviated, and it is still necessary to make joint efforts to change the concept of employment.
A study on the employment of college students shows that the concept of choosing a job has also changed. In the past five years, about 40% of the students majoring in manufacturing are not willing to engage in manufacturing.
Experts believe that in the short term, labor enterprises should adjust the working environment according to the needs of workers; in the long run, only when the whole society gradually improves the understanding of blue collar workers, can the structural labor shortage in manufacturing and service industries be fundamentally alleviated.
Zeng Xiangquan, director of China Employment Research Institute, Renmin University of China: there may be some dislocation between market demand and talent supply. Structural problems are more prominent, which leads to the employment problems faced by many industries in the labor market. In terms of Chinas development, it still depends on talents. The concept of talents is not talents who have attended university, masters degree or doctors degree, but talents who can create value.