A strong provincial capital shines the first growth rate of Xian
In the first three quarters, the GDP of 31 cities exceeded 500 billion yuan, and 11 cities exceeded trillion yuan, including Shanghai, Beijing, Shenzhen, Chongqing, Guangzhou, Suzhou, Chengdu, Hangzhou, Nanjing, Wuhan and Tianjin. Among them, the change of the top ten is of great concern. Except for Chongqing, which surpassed Guangzhou to the fourth place, Tianjin, a municipality directly under the central government, dropped out of the top ten.
According to the data of the first three quarters, it is estimated that the number of cities with GDP over 2 trillion in the whole year of this year may still be maintained at 5; the number of cities with GDP exceeding 1 trillion is expected to reach 22, that is, 5 more cities are expected to increase on the basis of 17 cities last year. Quanzhou, Nantong, Jinan, Hefei and Xian are more likely.
In terms of GDP growth in the first three quarters, 10 of the top 50 cities exceeded 3%, namely, Xian, Nantong, Nanjing, Hangzhou, Changzhou, Changsha, Jinan, Fuzhou, Changchun and Xiamen. These 10 cities are mainly from the strong provincial capitals of East China and central and Western China.
Ding Changfa, associate professor of Economics Department of Xiamen University, analyzed to the first financial reporter that the economic foundation of the central cities in East China is very good, and the investment has been relatively large since this year. In addition, under the influence of the international epidemic situation, many orders are flowing to the eastern coastal areas, and foreign trade is picking up significantly. The economy of these cities will continue to pick up in the fourth quarter.
Many strong provincial capitals, including Xian, Nanjing, Hangzhou, Changsha, Jinan and Fuzhou, also performed well. Niu Fengrui, a researcher at the urban development and environment research center of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, analyzed to the first financial reporter that the hinterland of a strong provincial capital city is relatively broad, the ability to gather elements is the strongest in the province, and its own development trend is relatively good. Now, after a wave of epidemic, it is normal for these cities to rebound first.
According to Zhang Baotong, President of Shaanxi urban economic and Cultural Research Association, at present, it is not difficult for Xian to break through trillion yuan in GDP, because the impact of the epidemic on Xian is small, and the local state-owned enterprises, central enterprises and national defense science and technology have strong anti-risk ability. In addition, Xian will usher in the 14th National Games next year, and this years investment, including venues, is very strong.
In the first three quarters, Nanjings GDP increased by 3.3%, which continued to rank first among the club cities with GDP trillion. In the first three quarters, infrastructure investment increased by 18.5% and industrial investment increased by 6.9%. In addition, with the continuous promotion of the four new plans, investment in new infrastructure projects has accelerated, and the investment in information transmission, software and information technology services has increased by 23.3%. In the first three quarters, the total industrial output value of Nanjings high-tech industry increased by 10.2%.
Niu Fengrui said that Chinas economy is a big countrys economy. At present, the first tier cities have become mega cities, especially Beijing and Shanghai, which have entered the stage of functional relief. In contrast, a strong provincial capital city is far from this stage, and there is a wide space to gather elements, not only from the province, but also from other regions.
Changchun leads the Northeast
Not only are these strong provincial capitals with GDP above trillion level or quasi trillion level, but some provincial capitals with average economic strength are also actively improving the primacy of provincial capitals.
For example, Hebei Province proposed that during the 14th five year plan period, support for the construction of the provincial capital will be increased to create a modern metropolitan area in Shijiazhuang and play a leading role in radiation.
Taiyuan Daily recently published an article entitled enhancing Taiyuans comprehensive carrying capacity and building a national regional central city by Zhang Wenxia, an assistant researcher of Shanxi Academy of social sciences. He said, compared with advanced regions and important cities in China, Taiyuans carrying capacity, radiation capacity and driving force are obviously insufficient, lack of core competitiveness, insufficient development of emerging industries and collaborative effect of innovative resources It is necessary to intensify the efforts to deepen reform and opening up.
During the 14th five year plan period, speeding up the construction of Taiyuan national regional central city is of great significance to promote the high-quality transformation and development of Shanxi Province. Under the new situation, Taiyuan should make up for the development weaknesses of the central city in the economically developed areas, give full play to the regional advantages, enhance the comprehensive carrying capacity and core competitiveness, improve the primacy, and strive to build itself into an international influence The national regional center city of great influence .
Niu Fengrui analyzed that the central city has always been the leader of regional economy, and the size of a province in China is equivalent to that of a big country in Europe. After the development of Chinas industry into the late stage, in some relatively backward areas, the ability of provincial capital cities to attract elements will be highlighted.
Of course, not all the provincial capital cities have maintained rapid growth, and the performance of provincial capital cities and regions is also differentiation. For example, among the four sub provincial cities in Northeast China, Changchuns GDP growth rate reached 3.1% in the first three quarters, ranking among the top; in contrast, the growth rate of the other three sub provincial cities in Northeast China (including Shenyang and Harbin, the two provincial capitals, and Dalian, a single listed city) has not yet turned positive.
Why is Changchun growing faster? An analysis by Xiamen Municipal Bureau of statistics pointed out that although the development of the primary and tertiary industries in Changchun lags behind that of our city, the growth of its secondary industry is much higher than that of our city by 6.0 percentage points. Compared with the negative range of 7.1% of the citys automobile industry, its automobile industry has achieved a rapid development of 16.3%, and the automobile production and sales volume have reached 1.874 million and 1.866 million, respectively, increasing by 7.5% and 5.5% respectively 7%u201du3002
It can be seen that the rapid growth of industry, especially the automobile industry, is the key to the rapid economic growth of Changchun. Yi Baozhong, Professor of Northeast Asia Research Institute of Jilin University, analyzed the first financial reporter that the automobile industry is the leading industry in Changchun, especially this years overall sales situation is relatively good, and the benefits are also relatively good. In addition, the construction of subway and high-speed railway is speeding up, and the situation of Changchun railway passenger car industry is also relatively good.
Yibaozhong said that the situation of some basic and raw material industrial sectors in the other three sub provincial cities in Northeast China is still not very good, and some cities lack new growth points.
Under the differentiation of growth rate, the ranking of cities has also changed. For example, among the 15 sub provincial cities, Changchun, which ranked second from the bottom in terms of GDP last year, surpassed Shenyang and Xiamen in the first three quarters of this year and ranked 12th; in contrast, Shenyang, which ranked 12th in the sub provincial cities last year, was overtaken by Changchun and Xiamen and dropped to 14th place; Harbin, the last sub provincial city last year, was among all the cities in the first three quarters of this year It dropped to 47th, after Taizhou, Luoyang, Linyi and other third tier cities. In addition, among the top 50 cities in the first three quarters of this year, there are 23 ordinary prefecture level cities. Among these 23 cities, 22 are from the eastern coastal areas, and only one is from the central and western regions, namely Luoyang, Henan Province. Xiangyang, another common prefecture level city in central and Western China, which was shortlisted in the top 50 last year, dropped out of the mandatory 50 list this year due to the impact of the epidemic.
Under the differentiation of growth rate, the ranking of cities has also changed. For example, among the 15 sub provincial cities, Changchun, which ranked second from the bottom in terms of GDP last year, surpassed Shenyang and Xiamen in the first three quarters of this year and ranked 12th; in contrast, Shenyang, which ranked 12th in the sub provincial cities last year, was overtaken by Changchun and Xiamen and dropped to 14th place; Harbin, the last sub provincial city last year, was among all the cities in the first three quarters of this year It dropped to 47th, after Taizhou, Luoyang, Linyi and other third tier cities.