How does blood thicken? The blood of the human body seems to contain a special liquid of many substances. If we take the water solution to explain, perhaps more can explain the problem. For example, if a certain kind of aqueous solution dissolves many substances, the increase of any substance in the solution will increase the concentration of the aqueous solution and become thicker. If the amount of dissolved matter does not change, but there is less water, the concentration will also increase. Therefore, for the blood, not only the blood lipid is high, the blood viscosity will increase, there are more platelets in the blood, blood glucose is high, or other abnormal macromolecular substances appear, the blood viscosity will increase; less water, the blood viscosity will also increase. Therefore, we can not simply equate blood viscosity with hyperlipidemia.
Blood viscosity and plasma, blood cells, blood vessels and other abnormalities, and the occurrence of these abnormalities, and bad habits can not get rid of, such as excessive smoking, drinking can lead to high blood viscosity, so like tobacco and alcohol, after getting up in the morning and before going to bed at night, should drink a large cup of boiled water to reduce blood viscosity, usually can also drink more tea, the best Quit smoking and limit alcohol. Irregular life, long-term mental tension or psychological pressure, also easy to lead to high blood viscosity, so usually should develop good habits of life, to maintain a happy mood. In addition, walking, brisk walking, jogging, Taijiquan and other gentle exercises can help to accelerate lipid metabolism and reduce blood viscosity. Usually meals should be light, eat more coarse grains, green leafy vegetables and fruits, such as soybeans, black beans, corn, oats, ginger, garlic, onion, mushroom, hawthorn, apple, etc. These foods can reduce blood lipid, inhibit platelet aggregation and prevent thrombosis. Animal fat (especially viscera) and sweets can increase blood viscosity, so it is better to eat less.
It should be reminded that the blood viscosity test is affected by many factors, and the inspection results are uncertain. Now clinical for the middle-aged or above the general or blood lipid test as the standard, especially for patients with hypertension, hyperlipidemia, hyperglycemia, which have cardiovascular and cerebrovascular risk factors, it is best to have a complete blood lipid examination once a year.
Lu Zhigang, chief physician of Cardiology Department of Shanghai Sixth Peoples Hospital
Source: Peoples daily.com editor in charge: Geng Yuanyuan_ NJ5571