In recent years, with the development of mobile Internet, big data and artificial intelligence, the IT industry has been booming, and programmers have become a highly sought after high paying profession. In social platforms such as Zhihu and tieba, programmers often associate themselves with career topics full of anxiety such as 996, hair loss and 35 year old crisis in addition to high salary.
Nevertheless, there are still more people standing outside trying to grab a ticket. On October 24, when the programmers Day arrived, time financial research interviewed programming training institutions, college students majoring in programming, childrens programming practitioners and parents of registered students to explore the current situation of programming learning and employment behind the programmers career.
Professional choice under the wave of Technology
There are thousands of intersections in everyones life, and the college entrance examination is undoubtedly one of the key ones. Every year, when filling in the application form, it becomes an important homework for countless parents and students to evaluate schools and choose majors.
Of course, we should choose some popular majors in line with the trend of social development, which is conducive to employment. Computer technology industry threshold is relatively high, comprehensive salary prospect is a more ideal choice. A parent of a middle school student in Guangzhou said in an interview with time finance.
Parents judgment is based on career prospects, while students are more inclined to personal preferences. The career preferences of the post-95s and post-00s generation gradually change with the development of social industry.
In July this year, the China employment training technical guidance center of the Ministry of human resources and Social Security jointly released the development report of new vocational online learning platform. It shows that the publics preference for digital skills has become a significant feature of the new career era. Digital manager, UAV driver, artificial intelligence engineering and technical personnel, agricultural managers and Internet of things engineering and technical personnel have become the new occupation that college students want to learn most. The Post-00 generation of network prefer E-sports operators and Internet technical engineers.
When he was under great pressure to enter high school, Liu Teng, who often collected all kinds of interesting software and enjoyed browsing it information websites, filled in all the majors with the word software when filling in the application form. When I chose this major, I learned that the salary of this industry is generally very high. However, after I entered the University and gradually learned about it, I found that there was still a lot to learn.
Liu Teng later took the examination of Hunan Information College, a full-time application technology type two colleges, Wang Pai professional is electronic information. Now he is in sophomore. This year, the epidemic has caused a sharp reduction in school class hours and forced to take nine months off. However, he actively learned the job skills required by the employment market from the already working school leaders, and improved his professional ability by self-study training institutions video and live courses.
Like Liu Teng, Wang Zicheng, who chose software engineering because of his interest, began to worry that the oversupply of the job market would also lower the average professional salary. Wang Zicheng told Shidai finance and economics that he was ready to strive for more competition qualifications, accumulate project experience and improve programming level during school study.
Application technology colleges and universities teach students survival skills to prepare for employment. However, no matter from the perspective of the employment market or the development of industrial technology, the competitiveness lies in the higher level of research talents.
Liu Teng, a student bully in the eyes of teachers and classmates, is ready to take the postgraduate entrance examination. Maybe many people will go all out to fight for competitions and certificates in order to evaluate scholarships, but the increasingly fierce competition may require solid professional ability. Liu Teng told time finance and economics.
With the rapid development of the information age, the market demand of technical practitioners will increase, the career threshold will gradually decrease, but the Matthew effect will also appear. Like the waves and the sand, the last thing left is the best. Zhou Wenbin, a software engineering major at Hunan Information Institute, said.
In the growing employment force, the graduates of popular majors usually have higher employment satisfaction. According to the employment report of Chinese college students in 2020 (employment Blue Book) released by Mycos Research Institute, among the 10 science and engineering majors with large number of graduates in 2019, the comprehensive employment quality of computer specialty is relatively high, with a monthly income of 6858 yuan, employment satisfaction of 71%, and the relationship between work and major of 77%, all of which rank among the top three indicators.
In February, a 28 year old byte skipping programmer posted his own retirement letter on Weibo, causing heated discussion. Among them, the programmer exposed himself to the occupation and self-learning code of politics and administration, and successively experienced the Alipay and byte jump inauguration, which refreshed the cognition of programmers high professional degree.
This experience also reflects the growth opportunities of programming training market in the past decade. Under the wave of mobile Internet, there have been training institutions such as Peking University Bluebird, Danei, Chuanzhi broadcasting course, etc. in the off campus programming training schools of Chinese colleges and universities.
According to the current situation of Chinas IT training industry and development trend of education informatization market in 2018, the compound growth rate of IT training market from 2017 to 2020 is 25% - 30%. However, according to other statistics, in recent years, the demand for talents in IT industry has exceeded 3 million people / year. In the next five years, the total demand for it talents in China will reach 15-20 million.
Under the catalysis of the rapid growth of the employment market, it training institutions began to move towards scale and standardization to some extent.
The staff of black horse programmer, a training institution affiliated to Chuanzhi podcast company, told time finance and economics that the company currently has 19 branch schools across the country, and tens of thousands of students sign up for training courses every year. The main teaching methods are wired online courses and offline courses. The training is divided into basic class and employment class. If there is no foundation, you need to go to the basic class first. After the basic class is finished, the upgrading examination will be carried out, and the examination will pass the employment class.
The salesman also introduced to time finance that at present, the company has a special and independent college Chuanzhi specialized college, which has been invested by Li Kaifu, and has also reached teaching and employment cooperation with 1200 well-known software development enterprises such as Huawei, Baidu and Jingdong.
However, the personnel told Shidai finance and economics that whether they can enter the large factory after the training depends on the trainees educational background and working skills. The training institutions can not guarantee the employment of trainees and meet their wishes. After all, the recruitment of large factories is very strict now, and the probability of entering large factories is very small.
In addition to large factories, can we get a reliable employment ticket through training?
However, doubts about the employment of fast-growing programmers do not hinder the popularity of programming thinking training in the younger market. According to the data of prospective industry research institute, in 2018, the overall corresponding age population of Chinas childrens programming industry is about 236 million, and that in 2019 is about 237 million people. The market size is 24.8 billion yuan and 25.7 billion yuan respectively.
This year, the outbreak of the new crown epidemic has made online education develop unprecedentedly. Public statistics show that since 2020, there have been more than 10 financing events in the field of childrens programming, among which the head office programming cat and little code king have obtained hundreds of millions of financing.
The popularity of programming training market is obvious in the user end. In the past two years, many Chinese parents have flocked to take their children to learn programming.
One parent told time finance that enrolling their children for online programming classes is to cultivate their logical thinking. At present, children are learning to design the trajectory of characters. Then use the building blocks to arrange some new roles. I think this is to train childrens thinking ability.
Other industry insiders believe that childrens programming method of building blocks and dragging graphics on the screen is far from programming in essence. In fact, its a junior Lego, far from programming learning, and even cant reach the level of high-level LEGO courses to cultivate programming thinking. A science and technology engineer who understands the small program said to the times finance and economics.
And behind the fact that high intelligence quotient and high salary have become synonyms for programmers, the industry is also hard to say. In the past few years, the demand of the job market has been expanding, and the flow rate of programmers has also increased.
In the paper Analysis on the influencing factors of programmers active turnover in IT industry published by Zhang Yingkui and Li Yang, teachers of School of economics and management of Beijing University of chemical technology, pointed out that the development of IT industry has the following characteristics: knowledge updating is fast, company training can not meet the needs of employees , fierce competition within the industry , long working hours and great pressure , most of the small and medium-sized companies in IT industry, and employees development The exhibition is limited. All kinds of professional discussions in the domestic programmer industry make Li Liang Ming, a Chinese studying in the United States, feel scared. After graduating in 2017 and studying in the United States, he is currently engaged in platform technology research and development in a cross-border e-commerce company. He told time finance that the professional situation of foreign programmers is not as embarrassing as this. Many big companies abroad do not encourage wolf nature, and the domestic industry is a bit labor-intensive. Mr. Li said that some time ago, Google allowed employees to work from home, which has a reference for the whole industry. Perhaps, the programming training given too much expectation can not meet the original idea. Its just that some people are passively choosing, while others are still willing to take the initiative to try. Source: time finance editor: Wang Xiaowu_ NF
All kinds of professional discussions in the domestic programmer industry make Li Liang Ming, a Chinese studying in the United States, feel scared. After graduating in 2017 and studying in the United States, he is currently engaged in platform technology research and development in a cross-border e-commerce company.
He told time finance that the professional situation of foreign programmers is not as embarrassing as this. Many big companies abroad do not encourage wolf nature, and the domestic industry is a bit labor-intensive. Mr. Li said that some time ago, Google allowed employees to work from home, which has a reference for the whole industry.
Perhaps, the programming training given too much expectation can not meet the original idea. Its just that some people are passively choosing, while others are still willing to take the initiative to try.