Neither 985 nor 211, second rate universities can also counter attack the first-class.
With the recent double first-class construction self-evaluation reports of colleges and universities have been published, the goal has been directly pointed to the next round of double first-class. Who will get on the bus means who will get off.
The double first-class is dynamically evaluated and adjusted every five years. This year is the end of the first round of double first-class construction. From paying attention to the scale and volume of universities to emphasizing the characteristics and quality of disciplines, the double first-class construction is different from the previous 985 and 211 project standards.
Discipline is king. In the university rankings, many second rate universities have reached the top of the academic rankings in China.
To see whether a university is good or not, the standards are diverse, and the university rankings have become the most intuitive basis in the eyes of the public.
In the past, the rankings used to use quantitative indicators, emphasizing the scale or volume. The merged aircraft carrier universities such as Zhejiang University and Wuhan University are more advantageous. Today, only one third of the 39 985 universities have not been merged.
In recent years, University Rankings such as USNEWS are popular, and some subject ranking indicators such as ESI have also been introduced into China.
ESI, the basic scientific index database, is a yardstick for evaluating the influence and academic level of colleges and universities in the world. It is considered that the disciplines that can enter the top one thousandth of the world have reached the international top level. Chemistry of Nanjing University and engineering of Southeast University were once listed.
On October 20, USNEWS released the 2021 World University list, in which Tsinghua University ranked 28th in the world. Although there is still a gap with Harvard University and other world-class universities, Tsinghua University again ranks first in the engineering sub list.
Among them, a total of 225 disciplines from 79 double first-class universities have been selected. In addition, 11 ordinary universities and top-ranking universities are hard and hard, with one discipline reaching the top of the discipline ranking.
It seems that Guangwai alone can not evoke any impression. What about Beiwai, shangwai and Guangwai together? These three foreign language colleges and universities are the top three in China.
Western construction alone cant recall anything. What about Tsinghua, Southeast, Tongji and Xijian? Xijian is one of the eight old architectural schools in China.
At the same time of the double first-class construction, the relevant provisions and documents of 211 and 985 were abolished, and the two major projects became a thing of the past.
The central finance has provided support for the universities affiliated to the Ministry of finance, while the local colleges and universities are not so lucky. After the Southwest University of political science and law, formerly affiliated to the Ministry of justice, was put under the jurisdiction of Chongqing Municipality, the aura of Huangpu Military Academy in the legal field has gradually disappeared.
In 2020, Southwest University of political science and law ranked fourth in the list of Chinas best soft subjects, ranking the top 2% with China University of political science and law, Renmin University of China and Wuhan University.
In recent years, some CPPCC members have suggested that the first-class discipline of law in Southwest University of political science and law should be listed as the national double first-class construction discipline. Once the proposal was put forward, it was seconded by many members.
Different from 211 and 985, the double first-class emphasizes discipline construction, and the funding is based on discipline departments rather than schools.
This great turn is related to the historical stage of the development of higher education. In 2002, the gross enrollment rate of higher education was 15% in the popularization stage, and now it has entered the popularization stage, and the gross enrollment rate has reached 50%. The pursuit of running a school is different from that in the past.
University funding has a great impact on the ranking. First class universities have first-class funds and first-class disciplines are the same.
Facilities construction, scientific research support, teacher recruitment, without funds, it is difficult to move forward. In particular, outstanding talents, such as outstanding young people and excellent young people, bring the advantages of scientific research projects and discipline construction, and colleges and universities must strive for it.
Jiangsu Province, which has a strong strength in higher education, has the largest number of universities with top disciplines. Jiangsu ranks the second in terms of the number of subjects in the top 10% and the top 50% in China, next only to Beijing.
In 2020, Nanjing Medical University ranks first in public health and preventive medicine in China, surpassing Fudan, Huazhong Science and technology and other top universities in China.
In the late 1990s, the management of colleges and universities was adjusted, and a large number of colleges and Universities under the Ministry were decentralized to local governments. The level of economic and social development determines the amount of funds that local governments can provide for universities. Jiangsu, Guangdong and other local colleges and universities have risen against the trend.
The financial resources of universities in Jiangsu and Guangdong are beyond the reach of many subordinate universities. The funding of Shenzhen University in 2018 is close to 5 billion, while that of 985 University Lanzhou University is only 4 billion.
In addition to financial resources, the geographical advantages of the southeast coastal developed provinces are the capital for the development of local colleges and universities. With the change of the times, the geographical location of the university has become more important than the university itself.
Located in Shaanxi Province, northwest agricultural and Forestry University is dozens of kilometers away from Xian. A 985 university can only compete with 211 universities in enrollment. In 2017, the double first-class was launched, and the northwest agricultural and Forestry University was lowered to the double first-class University category B, which was on the same level as Xinjiang University.
985, who lived in the interior, left one after another. It has been 100 years since the founding of Harbin Institute of Technology (HIT). It has gone south to Shandong and Guangdong, leaving the pattern of one school, three districts in Harbin, Weihai and Shenzhen. Lanzhou University failed to catch up with the train of running schools in other places. This year, it accelerated the establishment of research institutes in Shanghai and Shenzhen.
Can these double non break through double first class with top discipline? October 16, 2020, soft science
Can Tsinghua University afford to be a world-class university? On September 28, 2020, Chen Zhiwen observed