However, a problem that can not be ignored is that many of these cities are also facing the pressure of industrial transformation and population growth. In terms of population, in addition to Zhuhais permanent population growth of more than 7% and Karamays total population (excluding the population of XPCC within the jurisdiction) by more than 2%, the growth rate of permanent population in other cities will not exceed 0.65%, and even negative growth of urban population will occur.
Zhuhai is a special special economic zone in China, which has a lot of policy support. On the other hand, Zhuhai has a very good port - Gaolan Port. In addition, with good climate conditions, it has also attracted many foreigners to provide for the aged. Hu Gang, President of the South China Urban Research Association and professor of Jinan University, analyzed the 21st century economic reporter. Moreover, Zhuhai is located in the Dawan District, and benefited from the favorable conditions of the whole Dawan District, the population and economy have developed well.
However, those affluent small cities far away from the core metropolitan area and constantly consuming resource reserves need to constantly explore the path of transformation.
However, these cities are not dazzling in terms of population. There are also some cities with per capita GDP of more than 100000 yuan, including Longyan, Sanming, Jiayuguan, Dongying, Ordos, Zhoushan, Weihai, Zhuhai, Ezhou, Alxa League, Haixi Mongolian and Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture and Karamay. Why can they stand out in small and medium-sized cities?
The 21st century economic reporter has noticed that the most typical of these small and medium-sized cities is the resource-based cities with mines at home, including Ordos, Longyan, Sanming, Dongying, Jiayuguan, etc.
A lot of industries here are related to coal mines, and our economy also depends on coal resources to develop. Cao Jun, one of his relatives working in the coal industry in Ordos, told a lot of people working in the local coal industry.
Another typical representative of resource-based cities is Dongying City in Shandong Province, which has rich crude oil reserves. Shengli Oilfield is located here. In 2019, the crude oil production of the city will reach 22.2598 million tons. Longyan City in Fujian Province is famous for Zijinshan gold and copper, and the listed company Zijin Mining is located here. Sanming City in Fujian Province is known as the treasure pot of mineral resources in Fujian Province.
It is worth mentioning that Jiayuguan City, a small city with a permanent resident population of only 253100, has a per capita GDP of 12200 yuan, ranking first in Gansu Province. In 2019, the industrial production value of Jiayuguan City will reach 17.117 billion yuan, accounting for 60.4% of the GDP.
In addition to resource-based cities, small coastal cities also occupy a number of positions of wealthy small and medium-sized cities, including Zhuhai, Zhoushan, Weihai, etc.
Zhuhai has a superior geographical location and is close to the Macao Special Administrative Region, and its foreign trade import and export volume will reach 290.889 billion yuan in 2019. Zhoushan is also vigorously developing its foreign trade industry. In 2019, the total import and export volume of foreign trade goods reached 137.11 billion yuan, an increase of 20.7% over the previous year. In that year, the import and export freight volume of Zhoushan port was 152.28 million tons, an increase of 9.2% over the previous year.
Weihai City is surrounded by the sea on three sides. Local resident Zheng Ming (pseudonym) told reporters that the local leading industries in Weihai include seafood, electronic technology and tourism, and the seafood industry has developed relying on the advantages of coastal location. Weihai is full of wharves, and there are a lot of fresh seafood.
In addition, Ezhou City in Hubei Province also benefited from its superior geographical location and rapid industrial development. Ezhou is an important transportation hub connecting cities along the Yangtze River from the south to the north. There are four well shaped expressways in the region: Shanghai Chengdu expressway, Beijing Zhuhai Expressway, Daguang Expressway, hane expressway, and 11 channels connecting with Wuhan. The increasingly perfect transportation system has brought convenience for Ezhous industry to attract investment.
With the exploitation and consumption of local resources in these small cities and the increasingly strong siphon effect of surrounding big cities, the transformation pressure of some small cities is increasing. Longyan City, for example, produced 9.2698 million tons of raw coal in 2015, only 5.8 million tons in 2019, a decrease of more than 37% in four years.
The transformation pressure of these cities can be seen from the population growth. According to the 21st century economic reporters statistics, the local resident population growth in 2019 is lower than 0.65% except for Zhuhai and Karamay. Ezhou city also has a negative growth.
Taking Longyan City as an example, the permanent population of Longyan city at the end of 2018 and 2019 were 2.64 million, but the local natural growth rate in 2019 was 6.1 u2030, which was negative after deducting the natural growth rate. Sanming City has a permanent resident population of 2.59 million in 2019, an increase of 10000 over the end of last year. The number of people born in the city increased by about 31000.
In some places, the aging is serious and the natural growth rate is negative. Taking Weihai, Shandong Province as an example, by the end of 2019, the aging proportion of Weihai City is 29.39%. In 2019, the natural population growth rate of Weihai will be - 0.50 u2030. The situation in Zhoushan is similar. By the end of 2019, the elderly population in the city reached 279 thousand and 600, accounting for 28.95% of the total registered residence population in the city. The natural growth rate of Zhoushan in 2019 is - 1.47 u2030.
These small and medium-sized cities are lack of advantages in the population basic plate, coupled with the pressure of weak population growth and aging, if the local economic development can not have a better performance, the future development will face no small test. In 2019, the GDP growth rate of Ordos, Weihai, Dongying and other cities will not exceed 4.5%.
Hu Gang pointed out that the sustainable development of the private economy and the creation of enough jobs are the key to a local population absorption.
A small city needs to develop. For example, Zhoushan has developed rapidly in recent years. The background is the improvement of transportation infrastructure and the deepening cooperation with big cities. Zhoushan was originally surrounded by the sea on all sides and the traffic was not convenient. However, with the opening of expressways and sea crossing bridges, the local traffic has been improved Hu Gang pointed out that in addition to cooperating with Ningbo to build Zhoushan port, Ningbo has become a super port with an annual cargo throughput of more than 1.1 billion tons, ranking the first in the world for 11 consecutive years, which has gained new impetus for economic development.
Under the pressure of transformation, some resource-based cities have taken the lead. Taking Ordos as an example, overgrazing and large-scale development of coal resources have brought serious problems of grassland desertification and air pollution. Resources are becoming less and less, and air and water pollution are also serious in some areas. Cao Jun said.
Under the dual problems of resource depletion and environmental pollution, Ordos focuses on tourism and high-tech industries. Cao Jun told the 21st century economic report that the local tourism industry has begun to develop in recent years, and several 4A scenic spots have been built. In terms of high and new technology, a high-tech park has just been developed in recent years, and chip development and other industries are in the initial stage. In the statistical bulletin of Ordos after 2018, optoelectronic devices, polycrystalline silicon, liquid crystal display and other high-tech products have appeared, and the industry is gradually transforming to high-quality production. Weihai is also in the period of transformation. In recent years, the electronic technology industry and tourism industry have begun to improve. In 2019, Weihai will achieve a total tourism revenue of 69.260 billion yuan, an increase of 12.2%. However, the competition pressure of small cities is relatively small, which makes it difficult to achieve the transformation overnight. Weihai is very comfortable here. Its a livable city. Its impossible to get rich here. Zheng Ming believes that local industries are less attractive to young people, and college students can choose their own professional counterparts after graduation. Source: editor in charge of economic report in the 21st century: Zhong Qiming_ NF5619
Under the dual problems of resource depletion and environmental pollution, Ordos focuses on tourism and high-tech industries. Cao Jun told the 21st century economic report that the local tourism industry has begun to develop in recent years, and several 4A scenic spots have been built. In terms of high and new technology, a high-tech park has just been developed in recent years, and chip development and other industries are in the initial stage. In the statistical bulletin of Ordos after 2018, optoelectronic devices, polycrystalline silicon, liquid crystal display and other high-tech products have appeared, and the industry is gradually transforming to high-quality production.
However, the competition pressure of small cities is relatively small, which makes it difficult to achieve the transformation overnight. Weihai is very comfortable here. Its a livable city. Its impossible to get rich here. Zheng Ming believes that local industries are less attractive to young people, and college students can choose their own professional counterparts after graduation.