In just two months, 6000 soldiers were killed and wounded on both sides: the origin of the Asian Arab conflict in 30 years

category:Military
 In just two months, 6000 soldiers were killed and wounded on both sides: the origin of the Asian Arab conflict in 30 years


On October 22, 2020 local time, the conflict between agdam, Armenian and Azerbaijani in Naka region is still continuing. Houses in safarli village are damaged and villagers inspect damaged houses. Peoples vision

This is probably the shortest-lived cease-fire agreement in the history of modern warfare. Hearing that the second cease-fire between the two sides of the Naka conflict failed again, the young Azerbaijani ANAR, who was ready to go to the front line at any time, sighed.

Under the global epidemic situation, the conflict in the South Caucasus has no momentum to cool down. Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) attack the ground, rockets thundering together, and ground chariots burning with debris. The continuous flow of battlefield images on the Internet makes people who have long been insensitive to emergencies continue to focus their attention on Caucasus in 2020.

Since late September, Azerbaijani and Armenian forces have continued to exchange fire in the Naka region. At noon on October 10, after 10 hours of difficult talks, the two sides could not wait to accuse the other party of violating the agreement and continuing military operations just minutes after the agreement came into effect.

On October 18, the second cease-fire between the two sides ended in failure again, another one that lasted only a few minutes. If there are a few more such cease-fire , Im afraid its my turn to go to the front line. ANAR, 28, was chuckling at the newsuff08 www.thepaper.cn uff09Pour out. Since the war began on September 28, the Azerbaijani city of zhanja has been attacked by multiple rounds of gunfire. ANARs uncle lives in zhanja. Unfortunately, he was injured in the gunfire and is still receiving treatment.

Armenian soldiers on the front line.

On the other side of the line of fire, a large number of Armenian youths have taken up their guns to join the fighting, and even women and children are ready to join the front-line rescue. My brother was injured in the battle in Naka a a few days ago, and now hes in the hospital, and his family is very upset. There are also some cousins in my family who have become volunteer nurses in Naka Tatvik, a 26 year old Armenian girl, told the surging news. After studying abroad, tatvik stayed in Amazon Germany to work. At present, she actively participates in overseas Armenian lobbying activities, hoping to win international sympathy for her motherland.

As of October 12, both sides claimed to have killed more than 6000 armed personnel. On the 14th, the two sides pointed to each other for launching a new round of offensive. Reuters commented that Russias mediated cease-fire efforts had lost hope. Statistics from some international media show that at least 500 civilians have been killed or injured in the conflict, which may result in the displacement of more than 70000 residents at most.

On October 22, 2020 local time, the conflict in the Naka area continued, and the residents hid in the air raid shelter.

Frozen conflicts and frozen friendships

Several hot spots in Eastern Europe / Caucasus, including Naka - the situation in eastern Ukraine, the situation in Abkhazia and South Ossetia, the left bank of the Dniester River, etc. - are often referred to as frozen conflicts.. The mediation of such conflicts has often made little progress, and it seems that the passage of time does not seem to bring about a good evolution of the situation. In some academic works and media discussions, the dispute over Naka has also been regarded as a typical case, symbolizing the geopolitical wounds in the Caucasus after the collapse of the Soviet Union.

In modern times, the dispute over Naka between the two countries began in 1988. At that time, the Soviet government, which was busy with internal reform, had no time to take into account the discord between the two ethnic minorities in the remote areas. In the following years, the conflict turned into war, and two generations were shrouded in turbulence and hatred.

However, in the gap between each round of conflict in the past 30 years, there is not completely no room for personal reconciliation. ANAR and tatvik studied political science with the European Union country of Lithuania. They met through their good friend Chaco, who came to study in Georgia. Living in a strange foreign country, the communication between the three people is quite a bit like meeting old friends from other countries.

At that time, the conflict in 2016 had just passed, and there were still some disagreements in our hearts. Chaco was the first to break the ice, and we used to go to him for parties First, we had dinner and chatting to discuss our lessons, and Russian was mixed with English, Arner recalled. When we get familiar with it, we begin to realize that we have a lot in common.

These similarities mainly focus on similar family values and memories of the common past. The three feel that they are also from the Caucasus, and their growth experiences are similar. The previous generation in their family has experienced the baptism of collectivism. In fact, there is little difference in the way they look at the world, regardless of the specific historical conflicts and national confrontation.

We are all majoring in politics. After a period of time together, we are not afraid to talk about history and politics. After several long talks, they found that the history education they received from childhood was almost opposite to each other, and the same conflict event was placed in two opposing national historical narratives. It was the first time they tried to understand the conflict from the other sides perspective, Chaco said. I still remember that when they came across irreconcilable differences, they would come and ask me what I thought, because Georgia was a bystander, and maybe the historical narrative (about the Asian Arab dispute) would be more neutral.

Among the many differences, there seems to be a consensus in the historical narratives of the two sides, that is, the conflict lasts for more than 32 years. Both tatvik and Arner disagree that the conflict began in 1988. According to tatvik, the seeds of the conflict have been buried since the Soviet rulers foolishly attributed Naka to the Azerbaijani Republic. ANAR said that Armenians poured into Naka from the territory of tsarist Russia in the early 19th century and squeezed out Azerbaijanis, which was the historical root of the later two countries hostility for Naka.

Regardless of the origin of the dispute, in 1992, the two sides finally broke out a full-scale war on the land of Naka. By the end of the war in 1994, more than 100000 people were killed and more than 40000 local Azerbaijani residents fled, leaving only Armenians and about 20000 Azerbaijanis fleeing from the country.

According to the New York Times, the number of Azerbaijanis fleeing from the Naka region and the Armenian mainland in the past few decades is even more alarming, or has reached one tenth of the total population of Azerbaijan. Arnel has been haunted by this. Although he admitted that political disputes should not affect personal relations, when the conflict broke out again and relatives and friends of both sides were involved, the friendship in the past had to be shelved for the time being.

The atmosphere of multi-ethnic living in one big family left by the Soviet era completely disappeared with the escape of these Azerbaijanis. He sighs, when you see thousands of compatriots being swept out of the house impolitely, the proportion of emotional thinking in the brain increases.

Its the same with tatwick. After 1994, many rounds of conflicts have left many Armenians in Naga from their homes. The intensity of the conflict and the heavy casualties have been shown to the Armenian public through television and Internet. In addition, almost all members of the family fight in the front line. The so-called peace and mutual understanding issued by bystanders can not help but be regarded as why not eat minced meat by the authorities.

Easy to say, who doesnt want peace? Tatvik asked, however, the war has become like this, and the hatred for so many years is there. Even if the Armenian government immediately gives in and hands over the whole Naka to Azerbaijan, who will guarantee the safety of Armenian residents and prevent the recurrence of the previous massacres?

After the two ceasefires failed, the development of the war has entered a critical stage. Almost all of tatviks and Arners daily free time is spent tracking events and publicizing their positions. There is no personal content on their social media accounts. They are full of news or analytical articles supporting their countrys claims, as well as media materials attacking each others position. Ive blocked her content from the timeline, otherwise it would be embarrassing to see her. I think she will do the same. ANAR said helplessly, I certainly hope to regain friendship one day, but only after the victory of Azerbaijan.

President Aliyev of Azerbaijan. Peoples visual data map

Who is the host and who is the guest

Despite his high education in Europe, anair did not deny that it was emotional rather than rational forces that drove him to support Aliyevs policies. Just a few months ago, he was also supporting the protestors on social media when anti Aliyev government demonstrations broke out in Azerbaijan. But when it comes to the issue of the Asian Arab conflict, he said frankly that the whole Azerbaijani society does have opinions on Armenian affairs. In fact, in the capital Baku and in the towns of Azerbaijan, many Azerbaijanis who left from Armenian and their families and friends constitute a political force that cannot be ignored and firmly support Aliyevs tough stance.

President Aliyevs own family, who once lived in Armenian territory, is closely related to this history. Aliyevs father, former president HAYDAR Aliyev, came from tanahart, a small village in southern Armenian, where many Azerbaijanis once lived with Armenian neighbors. The HAYDAR family later moved to natcheivan, an Azerbaijani enclave sandwiched between Turkey and Armenia.

There are many small villages and towns like tanahart scattered in the mountainous areas of Southern Armenian. Before the conflict in the late 1980s, most of them had a history of harmonious coexistence of Asian and Arab peoples. Anna hith, a 34 year old Armenian, lives in the small town of Sixian, not far from tanahart, only 30 kilometers away from the conflict area of Naka. More than 30 years ago, her parents moved from Naka and settled in Xixian.

At that time, the Soviet Union had not yet disintegrated, but the fight between Asia and Afghanistan over Naka had begun. There were a lot of violent activities there, and the public order was very bad. Everyone felt that the situation might deteriorate. My parents moved in when they happened to have relatives living in southern Armenia Said annahit.

In late February 1988, Armenians in the Naka region launched a street movement to demand secession from Azerbaijan and eventually join the country. A similar rally took place in the country. In some Azerbaijani towns, there were protests against Nakas independence. After the initial peaceful rally, two young Azerbaijani youths died in the bicommunal conflict, sparking the anger of ethnic Albanian protestors. In sumgate, Azerbaijan, the local Armenian community was violently attacked, 26 Armenians were killed, and dozens of others were raped or beaten. The nature of the incident shocked the whole Soviet Union.

Two residents on the street in Naka district on October 22, local time. Peoples vision

For a time, the uneasy mood pervaded the Armenian community in Naka. The international public opinion recalled the Armenian massacre at the beginning of the 20th century and worried about the recurrence of ethnic hatred. In this atmosphere, annahits parents left Naka, where conflict might break out.

Anna hitter was a little girl, and now she cant remember the whole family packing up and leaving from Naka. However, just a few years later, she witnessed a large migration in the opposite direction. In February 1992, a number of radical Armenian armed elements, who were overwhelmed by revenge, committed another appalling atrocity in khojali, killing hundreds of ethnic Armenian civilians who tried to escape.

Under the atmosphere of terror, a group of Azerbaijanis living in Xixian were forced to leave their long-term residence. Like their compatriots in the Naka region, they have become displaced immigrants. It was 1994 when our Azerbaijani neighbors left in the early morning fog. I still vaguely remember that my grandfather and my parents had a low-key farewell party for several neighbors the day before At parting, some Armenians took the initiative to drive their Azerbaijani neighbors to the border, and the Russian soldiers took over to ensure the safety of these people, she recalled

Shortly after the accession of Armenian and Azerbaijani republics to the Soviet Union, Moscow carried out a series of administrative division adjustments. In 1923, Naka region was included in the Azerbaijani Soviet Socialist Republic. However, at that time, the flow of personnel between Asia and Afghanistan was basically smooth, and the residents of Naka region could freely move between Azerbaijan and Armenia.

After the outbreak of World War II, a large number of young people of the two ethnic groups joined the army and resisted the Nazi German invading army under the same Soviet flag. Anna Hites grandfather was one of them. My grandfather can speak Armenian, Azerbaijani and Russian fluently. It was during his service and fighting that he met some Azerbaijani comrades in arms, she said. In 1988, after the two sides broke their faces, my grandfather often expressed his regret and helplessness in private.

In the Soviet era, different ethnic groups fought side by side against foreign enemies, which was the mainstream historical narrative of World War II in the Caucasus. Whether in Azerbaijani or Armenian, the Soviet government has set up many monuments to the Soviet soldiers, including the martyrs of Asian and Armenian nationalities. Annakhit still clearly remembers that, until four or five years ago, Armenian local residents came to the memorial of Azerbaijani martyrs on every anniversary of the victory of the Soviet Patriotic War. However, after the resurgence of the conflict in 2016, similar behaviors gradually disappeared.

After the outbreak of the war in September this year, the local government has spontaneously removed these monuments for Azerbaijanis. According to the New York Times, similar incidents have occurred in many places in southern Armenia. After all, they seem a little out of date. Armenians will remember their heroes in the future. Said annacht.

The fragments of artillery on the battlefield.

Thirty years of conflict, what has changed and what has not changed?

On October 8, Michelle Bachelet, the United Nations High Commissioner for human rights, said on the situation in Naka, it is worrying that densely populated areas have become targets in recent days, and the conflict areas and surrounding areas have been bombed by heavy weapons. Bachelet also expressed concern about reports of the use of cluster munitions by warring parties. This is a cluster of munitions fired from the air or by artillery, many of which cannot explode immediately and pose a long-term threat to civilians. In 2010, the International Convention on the prohibition of cluster bombs has banned the manufacture and use of such bombs by States parties.

Unlike the full-scale conflict of 1992-1994 and the short-term exchange of fire in 2016, the fighting this year is obviously more brutal, with both sides of the war being regular armed forces, using large quantities of imported weapons. Some analysts believe that the high-tech weapons used in the war make the 28 year war more destructive than ever before. The Guardian reported that at least 70000 Armenians had fled Naka in the first two weeks of the conflict, and the flow of refugees had outpaced the 1992-1994 war.

According to Al Jazeera television, Azerbaijan used Turkey made bayraktar TB2 and Israeli made Harop suicide drones. There are also videos showing that Azerbaijan has used Israels latest Lora short-range ballistic missiles. On the Armenian side, although its military resources are limited due to its national strength, it is also equipped with Russian made tornado rockets and Iskander tactical ballistic missiles and other technical equipment.

Video images from several international media showed that Turkish army officers and soldiers appeared on the Azerbaijani side of the Naka war. Moreover, the Turkish air force even directly took over part of the air combat command in Azerbaijan. However, the Azerbaijani government denies that the Turkish army and terrorists from other countries are involved in the war, which Asia has accused. Leader Aliyev made it clear that the strategic goal of Azerbaijan, which has become one of the top 50 global military forces in this conflict, is to recapture the entire Naka region, including several Azerbaijani territories around the Naga area previously controlled by Armenian forces.

Armenians rely more on the support of overseas Armenians, which is very similar to the wars in the 1990s. However, most of the volunteers back then were Russian, Ossetian or other Slavic mercenaries. Today, the planes landing in Yerevan are sending batches of French, Americans or Libyans of Armenian origin.

On the other side of the front line, there was also an international column coming to help. According to the guardian, many Chechen and Afghan mujahideen came to fight in Azerbaijan, but now they are replaced by Turkish soldiers and Syrian army sent by Erdogan.

My family saw the holy warriors of Afghanistan or Chechnya in the conflicts of the 1990s, and my uncle who joined the army fought with them. They often wear fluttering white clothes and always wear headscarves More than 20 years have passed, and now Erdogan has sent Syrians, it seems that some things are very difficult to change, annacht recalled to the surging news

Syrian government officials have confirmed with us that there are indeed a group of anti-government armed elements from idrib and other places who went to the front line of Naka, and Erdogan solemnly transported these religious extremists to and from the east by sea. Alexander, who has been shuttling around Beirut, Damascus and Bagdad for a long time, told surging news that he is the head of an NGO in Syria that helps Christians in the Middle East, and has long been concerned about the situation of Syrian armed elements in the idrib region.

Horwig, an Armenian Syrian living in Naka, told the guardian that he fled to Naka when the Syrian civil war broke out in 2011 and has been running restaurants there since. Now he is actively helping the Armenian army on the front line to plan food supplies.

Its funny and sad. How can war always follow us Syrians? He said.

(function(){( window.slotbydup=window .slotbydup||[]).push({id:u5811557,container:ssp_ 5811557, async:true }Source of this article: surging news editor: Yao Wenguang_ NN1682