According to the data released by the Ministry of human resources and social security, the number of people needed for recruitment in 100 occupations dropped from 1.489 million in the second quarter to 1.316 million, a decrease of 11.6%. The number of job seekers dropped from 743000 in the second quarter to 492000, down 33.8%. The gap increased by 10.5% from 746000 in the second quarter to 824000. The number of job seekers increased from 2.02% to 32.01% in the quarter. This reflects, from one side, that the rebound demand brought about by the resumption of work and production in the second quarter has dropped, and the overall supply and demand of the market has returned to normal. However, the supply and demand relationship of the 100 occupations with the most shortage of jobs is still tense.
According to the data of the 100 occupations with the most shortage of jobs, salesmen ranked first, and the cities with the most typical demand for salesmen were Shanghai, Guangzhou, Beijing and Chengdu, followed by cleaners and restaurant attendants, and the city most in need of these two jobs was Beijing.
Figure: report of the Ministry of human resources and social security source: Official Website of the Ministry of human resources and social security
Job shortage data also reflects that the manufacturing industry has an obvious recovery and a strong demand for talents. Among the 28 new occupations, 19 are directly related to the manufacturing industry, accounting for 67.9%, such as instrument manufacturer, vacuum electronic device parts manufacturing and assembly adjustment worker, metal material engineering and technical personnel and automobile parts remanufacturing worker; among the 15 occupations with increasing shortage, 5 occupations are directly related to manufacturing industry, accounting for 30%, such as milling worker and assembly clamp Tool fitter, etc.
In addition, it is worth noting that the occupational shortage related to epidemic prevention and control has been significantly reduced. Except for the sewing worker still remained in the ranking (from 19th to 24th), all the other five professions, such as sewing machinery assembly and commissioning workers, medical materials products producers, physicians, pharmaceutical preparation workers and cutting workers, were all out of the ranks, ranking at 100, and the shortage was significantly reduced.
In addition, the top 10 occupations, such as housekeeper, customer service administrator and real estate agent entered the top ten, while welder, marketing professional and packer dropped out of the top ten.
The number of social security card holders reached 1.325 billion
On October 23, Lu Aihong also introduced the employment situation of the first three quarters at the press conference of the Ministry of human resources and social security in the third quarter of 2020.
From January to September, 8.98 million new jobs were added in the town. The unemployment rate of urban survey in September was 5.4%, which was lower than the expected control target. At the end of the third quarter, the registered unemployment rate of cities and towns was 4.19%. In addition, from January to September, a total of 85 billion yuan of unemployment insurance was returned to 56.64 million enterprises, benefiting 145million employees. Lu said that, in terms of social security, by the end of September, the number of people insured for basic pension, unemployment and work-related injury insurance in the country was 987 million, 212million and 263million, all of which had completed the 13th five year plan goals in advance. From January to September, the total income of three social insurance funds was 3.57 trillion yuan, the total expenditure was 4.22 trillion yuan, and the accumulated balance at the end of September was 6.28 trillion yuan, and the fund was running smoothly. By the end of September, the number of social security cards was 1.325 billion, covering 94.6 percent of the population. The number of e-Social security cards was 55million, and 221 regions in 27 provinces had opened mobile payment applications of e-Social security cards. Source: responsible editor of economic report in the 21st century: Yangbin_ NF4368
From January to September, 8.98 million new urban jobs were created. The urban unemployment rate in September was 5.4%, lower than the expected control target. At the end of the third quarter, the registered urban unemployment rate was 4.19%. In addition, from January to September, a total of 5.64 million enterprises were granted unemployment insurance, and 85 billion yuan was returned to stable posts, benefiting 145 million employees.
Lu Aihong mentioned that, in terms of social security, by the end of September, 987 million people, 212 million people and 263 million people had participated in the basic endowment insurance, unemployment insurance and work-related injury insurance, all of which had completed the 13th five year plan ahead of schedule. From January to September, the total income of the three social insurance funds was 3.57 trillion yuan, and the total expenditure was 4.22 trillion yuan. The accumulated balance at the end of September was 6.28 trillion yuan, and the overall operation of the funds was stable.
As of the end of September, the number of social security card holders was 1.325 billion, covering 94.6% of the population. A total of 255 million e-Social security cards were issued, and 221 regions in 27 provinces opened the e-Social security card mobile payment application.