Balance between urban development and ancient city protection
In the process of urbanization and modernization with the rapid development of civil engineering and the rise of high-rise buildings, the transformation, demolition and falling of high-rise buildings attract peoples attention. In fact, in the balance between urban development and ancient city protection, Shaoxing has been thinking, planning and practicing.
Didang new town, Shaoxing
In May this year, Ma Weiguang, Secretary of the Shaoxing Municipal Party committee, once again stressed that it is necessary to sing the two city plan, not only to develop the new city, but also to protect the ancient city, and to adhere to the idea of integrated development of culture, commerce and tourism, so as to make the ancient city the most dazzling pearl in Shaoxings urban cultural system.
Xu Juemin told the first finance and economics reporter that 1000 square meters in remote mountainous areas may not be as valuable as 1 square meters in big cities. By protecting the ancient city, the quality and value of the whole city have been improved, that is, the reduction of the number of units and the increase of unit value are the longer-term interests.
With the concept of protection, we should keep up with the thinking of rational utilization. This is also the unique feature of the Shaoxing model - on January 1, 2019, the regulations on the protection and utilization of the ancient city of Shaoxing (hereinafter referred to as the Regulations) was officially implemented. Different from the focus on protection in most ancient cities, Shaoxing has added the word utilization.
In Ma Weiguangs words, the ancient city is the essence of Shaoxings Millennium culture. Strengthening the protection and utilization of the ancient city is a major task to build a modern urban system and restructure the urban cultural system.
As a legal guarantee for the protection and utilization of the ancient city of Shaoxing, the regulations stipulate that the existing buildings (structures) within the scope of the ancient city that do not meet the requirements of the urban skyline, traditional pattern and historical features should be gradually implemented according to the relevant planning for the protection of the ancient city. These policies and regulations have become the implementation basis of a series of projects, such as Reconstruction, demolition and floor lowering.
In order to better protect and utilize Shaoxing, in addition to the implementation of the regulations last year, the Protection Office of Shaoxing historical and cultural city, which is specially responsible for the protection, utilization, supervision and management of the ancient city, and promotes the integrated development of culture, commerce and tourism of the ancient City, emerges as the times require. This has also become an innovative move in the protection of the ancient city by establishing a special department to coordinate the relevant departments and break through the institutional barriers u3002
In addition, Shaoxing has set up an expert advisory committee on the protection and utilization of the ancient city to provide directional and professional suggestions for the protection and utilization of the ancient city. This is equivalent to the government purchasing services, allowing professional teams to participate in the protection and utilization of the ancient city, so as to provide cultural basis for the integrated development of culture, commerce and tourism.
How to relieve the financial pressure
In an exclusive interview with first finance and economics, Ma Weiguang pointed out that as a famous historical and cultural city and ancient city, while carrying forward the historical and cultural traditions, it should also embody the spirit of inclusiveness, openness and innovation, which is a challenge for Shaoxing.
The investment in the protection of the ancient city is very large, and the funding gap is not small. Xu Juemin said frankly that in terms of the protection of the ancient city, the state level expenditure subsidies are less, and the financial pressure mainly falls on the shoulders of local governments. Every year, Shaoxing will draw a certain proportion from the urban land transfer fees as a special fund for the protection of the ancient city, but this fund is far from enough.
In addition to multi-channel financing, Xu Juemin summed up several models adopted by Shaoxing in order to ease the pressure of funds. For example, it is invested by the government platform, which is later handed over to the society for market-oriented operation.
Another example is to package the whole transformation of a region to the industrial operation company to sell the land to the enterprise. At the same time, the enterprise is also required to simultaneously operate the protection and utilization projects of the ancient city, which piece of cultural transformation and which industrial heritage should be preserved should be done well at the same time..
In the view of Shaoxing people, the protection and utilization of the ancient city is a long process. We need to dig out the cultural heritage, then use culture to promote the rise of tourism, and then use tourism to drive local consumption and commercial development. The economic benefits brought by these industries are used to support the cultural affairs of the ancient city. This is the concept of integration of culture, commerce and tourism.
Shaoxing West path and West River
Xu Juemin thinks that the quality of the city has been improved, and the overall social benefits have been improved, so that local residents and foreign tourists can get more happiness and satisfaction, instead of just looking at the benefits of individual projects. After all, many big IPS like Lu Xuns hometown not only consider the profit angle, but also embody the value in the protection of ancient city and cultural heritage. With the introduction of cultural elements and business innovation model, the ancient city with perfect public facilities is attracting more and more young people and investors. Before, an Internet company came to visit us and saw the old houses in the ancient city, so he proposed to set up the office here in the future. This group of young people only need network and equipment for office work, and the rest rely on wisdom to start a business. For young people and technology entrepreneurs, he said, memories of childhood can be found here, and a comfortable environment can better stimulate their creativity. Source of this article: Guo Chenqi, editor in charge of first finance and Economics_ NBJ9931
Before, an Internet company came to visit us and saw the old houses in the ancient city, so he proposed to set up the office here in the future. This group of young people only need network and equipment for office work, and the rest rely on wisdom to start a business. For young people and technology entrepreneurs, he said, memories of childhood can be found here, and a comfortable environment can better stimulate their creativity.