Wu Haiquans enterprises are mainly engaged in the production and sales of intelligent earphones, intelligent audio and other products. More than 95% of the products are exported, of which shipping accounts for more than 90% of the product transportation mode. He told reporters that since May this year, shipping prices have been rising all the way, and even the phenomenon of one container is hard to find on many routes has occurred frequently, which has caused great pressure on the logistics cost of enterprises.
Zhang peipeipei, general manager of Shenzhen didadi Logistics Technology Co., Ltd.: for shipping companies, all the shipping spaces are pre-sale, and they may sell more spaces than they can carry. Because shipping companies also want to avoid some temporary cancellation of shipping space, so if the booking and actual loading are not balanced, they will choose to abandon some of the space.
According to the composite freight index of Chinas export containers released by Shanghai Shipping Exchange, since May, the freight index has continued to rise. As of October 9, the Shanghai export container composite freight index reflecting the spot market recorded 1438.22 points, which has reached the highest level since September 2012.
A relevant person in charge of a container manufacturing enterprise told reporters that the shortage of shipping capacity is reflected not only in freight rates, but also in matching containers. From the perspective of container sales of their enterprises, the whole month on month growth rate in July and August was very fast, and the production of containers had been arranged to the end of the year.
Export driven by recovery of foreign trade
Lack of capacity pushes up shipping prices
In the second quarter, the outbreak of overseas epidemic led to production stagnation, which made Chinas share of global exports rise. The rapid growth of sea freight prices of American routes was mainly due to the gap between supply and demand of shipping. The rise of ocean shipping prices also made the consolidation plate of major shipping companies full of profits.
Industry insiders said that due to the impact of the epidemic this year, most shipping companies had pessimistic expectations on the international shipping situation, so they reduced their transportation capacity. Under the background of the domestic epidemic situation being controlled, Chinas exports showed strong resilience. According to the data of the General Administration of customs, Chinas exports have been increasing for six consecutive months since April. In the first three quarters, the cumulative growth rate was 1.8%, which exceeded the general market expectations. The total export value in September was 1661.97 billion yuan, an increase of 8.7% year-on-year. At present, the high freight rate and the difficulty in booking space are mainly due to the shipping companys capacity, which is difficult to meet the sudden growth of shipping demand.
Zhang Kuo, general manager of Alibaba international station, told reporters that as the epidemic situation has not been completely controlled in foreign countries, these countries lag behind China in terms of resuming work and production. After a large number of Chinese goods were exported to the local areas, due to the long time for the other party to unload the ship, they stayed at the port, resulting in the imbalance and obstruction of the whole import and export speed, and even more led to the insufficient transport capacity of the shipping market.
Industry insiders said that even if China has fully resumed production and Europe and the United States have also restarted economic activities, the epidemic has brought a heavy blow to container shipping companies, and it will take time to restore the normal transportation state in the past. In addition, the peak consumption season in the United States is coming. At present, in the next period of time, shipping prices remain high Probably rate events.
Yuan Hui, chairman of Shenzhen heboou Technology Co., Ltd., has been engaged in the cross-border e-commerce industry for many years. He told reporters that with the advent of festivals such as Halloween in Europe and the United States, the cross-border e-commerce industry has entered the peak season of the industry.
The import and export volume of cross-border e-commerce increased instead of falling, which played a positive role in coping with the impact of the epidemic and became an important force in stabilizing foreign trade. According to the data of the General Administration of customs, in the first three quarters, Chinas import and export through the customs cross-border e-commerce management platform reached 187.39 billion yuan, an increase of 52.8% year-on-year. As an important way of shipping for cross-border e-commerce enterprises, the price fluctuation also affects the hearts of enterprises.
Zhang Kuo, general manager of Alibaba international station: now we have developed many new products with many shipping companies, including Yantian port, such as Sino US express. It turns out that due to a large number of aircraft out of service, we can now travel from China to the United States within 12 days by express ship. The 12 day time is also very convenient for many overseas small and medium-sized enterprises, and the price is only about one third of that of air transportation.
A person in charge of the enterprise told the reporter that, considering the instability of maritime logistics in the peak season this year, he tried to avoid depositing all the goods in a logistics company, and prepared the standby plan of sea, land and air at any time.
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