Wu Haiquans enterprises are mainly engaged in the production and sales of intelligent earphones, intelligent audio and other products. More than 95% of the products are exported, of which shipping accounts for more than 90% of the product transportation mode. He told reporters that since May this year, shipping prices have been rising all the way, and even the phenomenon of one container is hard to find on many routes has occurred frequently, which has caused great pressure on the logistics cost of enterprises.
As of October 9, the market freight rates of Shanghais exports to the western United States and the eastern United States were US $3848 and US $4622 per container respectively. The freight rates of the US west route have reached a new high since 2009, nearly three times higher than that of US $1361 per container in early March. A person in charge of a logistics enterprise told reporters that in addition to the soaring price of shipping, it is difficult to book containers. In the peak freight season, shipping companies have limited shipping space, and popular routes are prone to burst and dump containers.
Zhang peipeipei, general manager of Shenzhen didadi Logistics Technology Co., Ltd.: for shipping companies, all the shipping spaces are pre-sale, and they may sell more spaces than they can carry. Because shipping companies also want to avoid some temporary cancellation of shipping space, so if the booking and actual loading are not balanced, they will choose to abandon some of the space.
According to the composite freight index of Chinas export containers released by Shanghai Shipping Exchange, since May, the freight index has continued to rise. As of October 9, the Shanghai export container composite freight index reflecting the spot market recorded 1438.22 points, which has reached the highest level since September 2012.
A relevant person in charge of a container manufacturing enterprise told reporters that the shortage of shipping capacity is reflected not only in freight rates, but also in matching containers. From the perspective of container sales of their enterprises, the whole month on month growth rate in July and August was very fast, and the production of containers had been arranged to the end of the year.
Export driven by recovery of foreign trade
Lack of capacity pushes up shipping prices
Lin Qingwen, managing director of Shenzhen Yantian International Container Terminal Co., Ltd.: after the epidemic situation was controlled, the resumption of work and production also led to the growth of foreign trade, mainly for two reasons: first, many foreign trade orders were supplemented; second, cross-border e-commerce brought new types of goods. Yantian Internationals throughput reached 1.42 million TEUs last month, which should be the highest in the world at present Records.
Zhang Kuo, general manager of Alibaba international station, told reporters that as the epidemic situation has not been completely controlled in foreign countries, these countries lag behind China in terms of resuming work and production. After a large number of Chinese goods were exported to the local areas, due to the long time for the other party to unload the ship, they stayed at the port, resulting in the imbalance and obstruction of the whole import and export speed, and even more led to the insufficient transport capacity of the shipping market.
The rise of ocean shipping price and the increase of freight volume have made the consolidation plate of major shipping companies full of profits. Wind data shows that in the second quarter of this year, the net profits of COSCO Haikong, China Merchants shipping, COSCO Haineng, China Merchants Nanyou and COSCO Haifa were 53.79%, 520.93%, 5481.39%, 159.56% and 66.51% respectively.
Cross border e-commerce enters peak season with multi solutions to cope with shipping price rise
Shipping is an important channel for cross-border e-commerce shipping. Now that the U.S. cargo preparation season has arrived, foreign users have begun to purchase electronic consumer goods, Thanksgiving, Christmas and other supplies in advance. What preparations have cross-border e-commerce enterprises made in the current unstable maritime logistics situation?
Yuan Hui, chairman of Shenzhen heboou Technology Co., Ltd., has been engaged in the cross-border e-commerce industry for many years. He told reporters that with the advent of festivals such as Halloween in Europe and the United States, the cross-border e-commerce industry has entered the peak season of the industry.
The import and export volume of cross-border e-commerce increased instead of falling, which played a positive role in coping with the impact of the epidemic and became an important force in stabilizing foreign trade. According to the data of the General Administration of customs, in the first three quarters, Chinas import and export through the customs cross-border e-commerce management platform reached 187.39 billion yuan, an increase of 52.8% year-on-year. As an important way of shipping for cross-border e-commerce enterprises, the price fluctuation also affects the hearts of enterprises.
Zhang Kuo, general manager of Alibaba international station: now we have developed many new products with many shipping companies, including Yantian port, such as Sino US express. It turns out that due to a large number of aircraft out of service, we can now travel from China to the United States within 12 days by express ship. The 12 day time is also very convenient for many overseas small and medium-sized enterprises, and the price is only about one third of that of air transportation.