Official: the harvest of grain has become a foregone conclusion, and the output is expected to reach the best level in history

category:Finance
 Official: the harvest of grain has become a foregone conclusion, and the output is expected to reach the best level in history


Ministry of agriculture and rural areas: pig production resumed, pork prices fell for 7 consecutive weeks

Wei Baigang, chief economist of the Ministry of agriculture and rural areas: since this year, all localities have conscientiously implemented the supporting policies for the recovery of pig production, accelerated the capacity expansion and breeding of farm households, and paid close attention to the normalized prevention and control of African swine fever, which has effectively promoted the recovery of pig production. In the first three quarters, 12500 large-scale pig farms and 13400 empty pen scale pig farms have been put into operation. By the end of September, the number of live pigs in China had reached 370 million, which was 84% of that at the end of 2017; the number of reproducible sows reached 38.22 million, returning to 86% at the end of 2017. The output of poultry, beef and mutton reached 24.13 million tons, a year-on-year increase of 3.7%. With the rapid recovery of pig production and the increase in the number of pigs sold, the price of pork has fallen for seven consecutive weeks. The market price is 50.56 yuan per kilogram, 9.08 yuan lower than the peak in February this year. The output of vegetables increased steadily, and the prices rose seasonally. In autumn, a large number of fruits came into the market, and the price fell back to the annual level.

Ministry of agriculture and rural areas: rapid recovery of investment in agriculture and rural areas

Wei Baigang, chief economist of the Ministry of agriculture and Rural Affairs: seven ministries and commissions such as the Ministry of agriculture and rural areas printed and distributed policy documents on expanding effective investment in agriculture and rural areas, and identified 11 key areas to supplement weaknesses. We will increase the support of local government bonds in the field of agriculture, rural areas and farmers, with emphasis on supporting high-standard farmland, rural residential environment improvement, modern agricultural industrial parks, and cold chain logistics facilities for agricultural products storage and preservation. From January to August, 108.4 billion yuan was issued. Driven by various policies and major projects, the investment in fixed assets in the first three quarters of the year reached 11653 billion yuan, up 14.5% year on year. For four consecutive months, the growth rate was 16.7% higher than that of the same period last year.

Liu Junyong, deputy director of the general office of the Ministry of agriculture and rural areas

Good morning, ladies and gentlemen, media friends. Welcome to the press conference held by the Information Office of the Ministry of agriculture and rural areas. Today, the theme of the press conference is agricultural and rural economic situation in the first three quarters of 2020. We have invited Mr. Wei Baigang, chief economist of the Ministry of agriculture and rural areas and director of the Department of development and planning, Ms. Liu Lihua, deputy director of the Department of crop management, and Mr. Chen Guanghua, deputy director of the animal husbandry and Veterinary Bureau. They will introduce the relevant information to us and answer questions from reporters. I am Liu Junyong, deputy director of the general office of the Ministry of agriculture and rural areas. Now, first of all, please tell us the relevant situation.

Thank you, host. Good morning, ladies and gentlemen, media friends.

In October, rice fragrance, this years agricultural harvest hard won. Two days ago, the National Bureau of statistics released the operation of the national economy in the first three quarters. Now, I would like to make an introduction.

This year, novel coronavirus pneumonia and the important instructions of Xi Jinping, the agricultural and rural departments at all levels have been carrying out the important instructions and important instructions of the Party Central Committee and the Party committee and the State Council in order to effectively cope with the new crown pneumonia epidemic situation, serious floods, serious diseases and insect pests and other risks and challenges. In order to increase farmers employment and income, and promote the reform and development of agriculture and rural areas as a whole, the agricultural and rural economy has maintained a trend of continuous improvement and steady progress. A bumper harvest of grain has become a foregone conclusion, and the output is expected to reach the best level in history; the recovery of pig production is better than expected; the supply of vegetable basket products is sufficient; the added value of the first industry in the first three quarters is 4812.3 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 2.3%; and the income of farmers is 12297 yuan, a year-on-year increase of 1.6%. The situation of agricultural production is good, which has become the highlight of national economic operation. The ballast role of agriculture, rural areas and farmers is more prominent, which provides a strong support for stabilizing the overall situation of economic and social development.

First, a bumper harvest of grain was achieved throughout the year, and the variety structure was further optimized. We should conscientiously implement general secretary Xi Jinpings series of important instructions on grain and agricultural production, the spirit of important instructions, strengthen the implementation of responsibilities, and guide the division of seasons and varieties to effectively overcome the disaster effects of the two pests of the grassland, the flood of the south, and the typhoon in the northeast. The yield of summer grain and early rice increased to 340.2 billion jin, an increase of 4.48 billion jin over the previous year. Especially, the area of early rice reversed the downward trend for seven consecutive years. The harvest of autumn grain is close to 80%, and the harvest is a foregone conclusion. It is estimated that the annual grain output will reach a new record high and will remain above 1.3 trillion Jin for six consecutive years. The planting structure was continuously optimized, the area of high-quality special wheat reached 35.8%, the area of high-quality rice was further expanded, and the area of soybean was expected to increase for 5 consecutive years.

Second, the recovery of pig production was better than expected, and the supply of vegetable basket products was sufficient. Since the beginning of this year, all localities have conscientiously implemented the supporting policies for the recovery of pig production, accelerated the capacity expansion and breeding of farm households, and paid close attention to the normalized prevention and control of African swine fever, which effectively promoted the recovery of pig production. In the first three quarters, 12500 scale pig farms and 13400 empty scale pig farms were newly built and put into operation. By the end of September, the number of live pigs in China had reached 370 million, which was 84% of that at the end of 2017; the number of reproducible sows reached 38.22 million, returning to 86% at the end of 2017. The output of poultry, beef and mutton reached 24.13 million tons, a year-on-year increase of 3.7%. With the rapid recovery of pig production and the increase in the number of pigs sold, the price of pork has fallen for seven consecutive weeks. The market price is 50.56 yuan per kilogram, 9.08 yuan lower than the peak in February this year. The output of vegetables increased steadily, and the prices rose seasonally. In autumn, a large number of fruits came into the market, and the price fell back to the annual level.

Third, the ban on and withdrawal of fishing in the Yangtze River has achieved phased results, and the green development of agriculture has been steadily promoted. General secretary Xi Jinping has made important instructions and important instructions on the prohibition of catching and relocating the Yangtze River, and the Ministry of agriculture and the countryside will work hard with the relevant departments to carry out the plan. A total of 84000 fishing boats and 179700 fishermen have been disposed of in the key waters of the Yangtze River Basin, basically completing the task of withdrawing fishing vessels; 168700 people have been provided with social security, accounting for 93.32% of the approved task; 118400 people have been transferred to other industries, accounting for 93.57% of the total; 24500 three noes vessels and 175100 illegal fishing nets have been removed from the Yangtze River as of January 1, next year The implementation of 10-year fishing ban in key water areas of the basin has laid a solid foundation. The green development of agriculture has been steadily promoted, and the utilization rate of livestock and poultry manure as a resource has reached 75%, and the set target has been achieved one year ahead of schedule. The area of black land conservation tillage in Northeast China reached 46 million mu, which exceeded the annual target of 6 million mu. The quality and safety level of agricultural products has been steadily improved, and the supply of green and high-quality agricultural products has increased significantly. The qualified rate of sampling inspection in the first three quarters has remained above 97%, stable at a high level.

Fourth, the ability of industry to bring poverty has been further enhanced, and farmers income in poverty-stricken areas has continued to grow. Focus on 52 undeveloped counties and three districts and three prefectures, and vigorously implement six major actions, including marketing of agricultural and livestock products and training of poverty alleviation leaders. In view of the problem that agricultural and livestock products are difficult to sell in poverty-stricken areas, the public welfare platform of production and marketing docking was established, and the emergency promotion of poverty alleviation agricultural products was carried out. The Ministry of agriculture and rural areas helped complete the task of 12 billion yuan of poverty alleviation agricultural products sales. Set up an industry technical advisory group for each of the 52 counties without taking off the hat to provide accurate guidance services. According to our statistics, there are more than 1 million industrial poverty alleviation projects implemented in 832 poverty-stricken counties, and more than 300000 industrial poverty alleviation bases have been built. Each poverty-stricken county has formed 2-3 poverty-stricken leading industries with distinctive characteristics and strong poverty-stricken ability. 72% of the poor households have established interest linkage relationship with new business entities. Industrial poverty alleviation has become the most extensive coverage, driving the largest number of poverty-stricken people, and attracting more and more poverty-stricken people The most effective poverty alleviation measures have been achieved. In the first three quarters, the growth rate of farmers income in poverty-stricken areas continued to be higher than the average level of rural residents in China.

Fifth, the rural industry has been fully restored, and the employment channels for migrant workers returning home to stay in rural areas have been effectively widened. The agricultural products processing industry has returned to the same period last year. It is estimated that the operating income of agricultural products processing industry above designated scale will exceed 10 trillion yuan in the first three quarters. Leisure agriculture and rural tourism projects such as farmhouse entertainment, food and lodging, and other leisure agriculture and rural tourism projects are fully open. 1000 rural leisure tourism routes jointly recommended by the Ministry of agriculture and rural areas and the Ministry of culture and tourism have become the clocking out places for urban and rural residents to enjoy autumn outings during the Eleventh Five Year Plan. Online sales of agricultural products maintained a double-digit growth, with online retail sales expected to exceed 300 billion yuan in the first three quarters. Affected by the epidemic situation, the number of migrant workers staying or returning home for the second time has increased. The Ministry of agriculture and rural areas, together with relevant departments, has vigorously developed rural industry, implemented the one-time entrepreneurship subsidy policy, carried out vocational skills training, expanded the scale of work relief, added public welfare posts, and strengthened docking services, which effectively widened the employment space of returning migrant workers. At present, migrant workers returning to their hometowns have basically achieved stable employment or flexible employment nearby, and the rural society has maintained harmony and stability.

Sixth, investment in agriculture and rural areas has rebounded rapidly, and infrastructure construction has been accelerated. The central office of the CPC Central Committee and the State Council issued the opinion of adjusting and improving the use scope of land transfer income to give priority to supporting rural revitalization. It requires that by the end of the 14th five year plan period, the proportion of local land transfer income used for agriculture and rural areas should reach more than 50%. This policy contains very high gold content. Seven ministries and commissions, including the Ministry of agriculture and rural areas, issued policy documents on expanding effective investment in agriculture and rural areas, and identified 11 key areas to make up for weaknesses. We will increase the support of local government bonds in the field of agriculture, rural areas and farmers, with emphasis on supporting high-standard farmland, rural residential environment improvement, modern agricultural industrial parks, and cold chain logistics facilities for agricultural products storage and preservation. From January to August, 108.4 billion yuan was issued. Driven by various policies and major projects, the investment in fixed assets in the first three quarters of the year reached 11653 billion yuan, up 14.5% year on year. For four consecutive months, the growth rate was 16.7% higher than that of the same period last year.

On the whole, in this years year of disaster, the grain production has achieved a bumper harvest, the supply of vegetable basket products is sufficient, and the farmers income has achieved positive growth, which has added the foundation and won the strategic initiative to cope with the complex and severe domestic and foreign situation. By the end of the year, there are still nearly 3 months to go. The goal of agriculture, rural areas and farmers in the Central Committee 1 and the government work report will be completed. The Ministry of agriculture and the rural sector will make every effort to do all the work before the end of the year.

I will introduce the situation here first. Thank you. Now, my colleagues and I would like to answer your questions. thank you.