Ex warehouse price of corn in Harbin and other places (unit: yuan / ton)
Corn prices in many places showed a significant upward trend
Ms. Yang, a farmer in Hebei Province, planted several acres of corn at home. She told the daily economic news that the early maturing corn in the village has basically been collected, and some late maturing corn has been confiscated.
Ms. Yang said, after the epidemic was controlled this spring, I sold more than 1000 Jin of corn. At that time, the selling price was 90 cents a catty. I thought it was relatively high. If you know that it can rise to more than 1 yuan now, I might as well keep it to sell now. There was a sense of regret in her words.
The reporter made a simple conversion according to the price of 1.3 yuan / Jin, which is equivalent to 2600 yuan per ton.
But thats the price of old corn last year. Ms. Yang said that the new corn on the market this year is about 0.5 yuan per catty due to its high moisture content.
Northeast China is the largest corn producing area in China. According to the data, the corn planting area in Northeast China accounts for more than 31.6% of the national planting area.
In an interview with the daily economic news, Tang Haibo, deputy director of the Qiqihar agricultural and rural Bureau, said that the local corn purchase price was 2000-2200 yuan per ton, an increase of 400 yuan / ton over the same period of last year.
From the current situation, farmers expect corn prices to continue to rise, which may cause some farmers to be reluctant to sell, Tang said.
The price rise of corn drives up the price of breeding feed
Corn is not only the main food crop in China, but also one of the main raw materials of breeding feed. Therefore, the rise of corn price also led to the rise of feed price.
Henan Xinxin animal husbandry Co., Ltd. is a large-scale breeding company with more than 60000 live pigs on hand. The company has its own feed processing plant. Zhang Xinyu, the companys general manager, told the daily economic news that they not only collected corn directly from farmers, but also purchased corn from purchasing enterprises.
For a large-scale farm, the rising price of corn also means that the cost of feed is greatly increased.
The increase in feed costs will also drive up the price of pork. Zhang Xinyu explained that the raw materials of feed include corn, soybean meal, bran and so on. According to the current feed to meat ratio, the cost of these raw materials increases, which makes the feeding cost of a kilogram of pork increase by about one yuan.
A pig breeding enterprise in Nanping, Fujian Province, also told the daily economic news that corn prices had risen several times in recent months. Six months ago, the price of corn was about 2000 yuan / ton, but now it has risen to 2600 yuan / ton, and it has increased by 600 yuan per ton. If converted into full price, the increase is about 600 yuan A kind of 60% = 360 yuan / ton.
The person in charge of the enterprise explained that this was equivalent to the rise of corn price, which led to the rise of pig feed price by 360 yuan / ton. If the price of soybean meal and other raw materials were added, the price of a ton of feed was estimated to rise by more than 400 yuan.
When asked how to deal with the increase in feed costs caused by the rise in corn prices, the person in charge said frankly, there is no way. Feed must be used.
Corn sown area in China in recent ten years (unit: 1000 HA)
Why does corn price rise obviously?
The grain output of Suihua City in Heilongjiang Province accounts for one seventh of the whole province, and it is also an important corn producing area. A local farmer told the daily economic news that due to three successive typhoons at the end of August and the beginning of September in Northeast China, a lot of corn fell over, and a large amount of water accumulated in some fields, which made the harvesting machine unable to enter, resulting in the harvest cost greatly increased.
In the past years, large-scale harvesters were used to harvest corn, and the normal cost of 15 mu of land was about 500 yuan. This year, cars cant get in. The land with stagnant water and lodging has to rely on manual labor. Each person costs 20 yuan per hour. According to the normal work volume, it will cost about 3000 yuan to collect 15 mu of land. This cost is too high. The farmer said.
However, in Tang Haibos view, the main reason for the rise in corn was the increase of corn processing capacity in the region and the rapid development of animal husbandry, which led to a tight supply. The prices in the main production areas in the Northeast have risen, so have the sales areas in the south.
As far as Qiqihar is concerned, it is because some new corn processing enterprises have been set up. Tang Haibo said. Asked if the corn processing enterprises have not been able to collect corn, he said that at present, it is OK, because the enterprises have not been completed and can not reach the production capacity. In addition, with the increase of corn price, the processing cost will certainly increase, but the enterprise benefit will also be improved. In Zhang Xinyus view, the rise of corn price is related to the decrease of soybean import. Soybean is an important food for feed. The supply of soybean is reduced and corn is needed to replace it, so the demand of corn will increase. In addition, in recent years, Chinas pig stock has been steadily recovering. The person in charge of Nanping breeding enterprise in Fujian said that once the pig stock increases, the demand for feed will increase, and the supply of corn will be tightened. For the future corn price trend, Tang Haibo analysis that the price is difficult to decline in the near future. Source of this article: Yang Bin, editor in charge of daily economic news_ NF4368
In Zhang Xinyus view, the rise of corn price is related to the decrease of soybean import. Soybean is an important food for feed. The supply of soybean is reduced and corn is needed to replace it, so the demand of corn will increase.
In addition, in recent years, Chinas pig stock has been steadily recovering. The person in charge of Nanping breeding enterprise in Fujian said that once the pig stock increases, the demand for feed will increase, and the supply of corn will be tightened.
For the future corn price trend, Tang Haibo analysis that the price is difficult to decline in the near future.