Observer: what is the air defense capability of Taiwans army? It was exposed 20 years ago

 Observer: what is the air defense capability of Taiwans army? It was exposed 20 years ago

During the missile crisis in the Taiwan Strait at its peak in March 1996, the flying force of the Taiwan air force was undoubtedly the first-line force in the confrontation between the two sides. During this period, the Taiwan Air Force Combat Command, which was in charge of all the flying units, had the strength of 7 allied units, 1 regional command, 9 brigades, 16 fighter squadrons, 3 air transport squadrons and 5 independent squadrons.

Although in the first half of the 1990s, the Taiwan air force successively acquired 60 mirage 2000, 130 F-CK-1 Jingguo and 150 F-16A / b combat falcons by means of technology introduction and outsourcing. However, during the peak period of the Taiwan Strait missile crisis in 1996, most of these advanced fighters were far from enough: the first group 3 to replace the F-CK-1 Jingguo Only the 8th and 28th squadrons have completed the combat readiness, and the 7th squadron has not received the total number of aircraft in the quota.

In June 1995, the 455th regiment, which was scheduled to replace the F-16A / b battle Falcon, transferred its F-5E / F to the 401 team of Taoyuan in June 1995. At this time, the backbone of the former was still training in the United States, which could not solve the crisis of empty city strategy in Jiayi base. The 11th brigade, which is scheduled to change into mirage 2000, is even slower. At this time, even the first batch of seed instructors have not yet gone to France for training!

F-CK-1 and F-5E / F display in Hanguang 11 exercise

Therefore, at this tense moment, the only third generation fighter force that Taiwan air force can use is the third brigade which is not full. The brigade has 58 F-CK-1 Jingguo fighters. Due to the crash of the prototype IDF 10002 carrying complete avionics equipment in the accident, the test progress of tianjian-2 medium range active radar guided missile was delayed. By March 1996, only 40 missiles of this type which had not completed all the test items were delivered to the third brigade for emergency. The meagre number of Tianjian 2 missiles has undoubtedly greatly weakened one of the most important advantages of F-CK-1 in the face of the PLA Su-27SK, which can only use r-27.

Three IDF prototypes (10002 crashed) in 1994 Hanguang 11 exercise

The 12th squadron using rf-104g was even worse because the two pc-201 Shian cameras previously purchased were difficult to maintain, and they were retired in 1995. Only one rf-104g equipped with the old ks-125 camera reconnaissance system could perform the task. In order to fill in the shortage of reconnaissance aircraft, the 12th Squadron had to replace the r-ch-1 ZTE trainer aircraft with ks-67 camera removed from the retired rf-104g as the replacement before receiving the Singapore aerospace rf-5e tiger eye reconnaissance aircraft, and used to undertake the marine reconnaissance mission. The original rf-104g (4375) will only be activated when absolutely necessary.

F-104 of Hsinchu base, 1991

In contrast, the F-5E / F Zhongzheng fighters of the other four groups are in much better condition. Due to its high attendance rate and the ability to carry all the ground precision guided weapons (maverick missile and pave II laser guided bomb) of Taiwan air force at that time, it became the main force undertaking low altitude interception and ground to sea attack. In order to make up for the shortage of combat readiness aircraft and pilots, the 737th regiment, which was originally only responsible for training tasks, began to undertake combat readiness duty at this time.

Team 5F of Jiayi

In addition, the air force of Taiwan can rest assured of the anti submarine aircraft brigade in Pingtung. At this time, the antisubmarine unit has just completed the replacement task of all 26 s-2t turbine Tracker anti submarine aircraft. The s-2t was equipped with a new anti submarine warfare and sensor system at that time, so it was a major threat to the submarine forces of PLA. However, due to the cancellation of xa-3 thunder attack aircraft project, the Taiwan Air Force has no fighter capable of launching air launched anti-ship missiles at this time, so its anti-ship firepower can only rely on agm-65 maverick missile and gbu-12 pave II guided bomb.

2u3001 The air defense forces that are not connected with each other

Compared with the fighter force in the period of changing equipment, the strength of the air defense force of the Taiwan army in the peak period of the Taiwan Strait crisis is even worse. At this time, the total strength of the air defense missile force under the missile command of the Taiwan army was as follows: three missile groups, six missile battalions, six goddess of victory Hercules air defense missile company, two Tiangong No.1 air defense missile company and 18 second generation Hawke air defense missile companies.

Victory time unknown

In 1996, the combat sequence of air defense artillery of Taiwan air force was as follows: Double 35mm erlikon / sky sentry anti-aircraft artillery battalion (301, 302, 303, 304 battalions); Jieling / t-82 anti-aircraft artillery battalion (501, 502 battalions; bofos 40mm antiaircraft artillery / M55 anti-aircraft machine gun mixed Battalion (206, 207, 208, 213, 216 battalions).

Han Guang 11 Er Li Kong 35

In March 1996, the only usable long-range air defense missile unit of the Taiwan Army missile command was Tiangong-1 missile company of Tanshui and Dagangshan, which had not completed all the test projects. The third completed Tiangong-1 missile position was located in Dongyin Island, which was suspended in the open sea. The completion time was August of the year after the crisis was relieved. Compared with the immature Tiangong-1 system, the aging goddess of victory missile is even more difficult to hold on to the wall. In the previous two tests, the missile all failed in the form of miss.

Tiangong-1991 double ten parade

In contrast, Taiwans military relies more on 18 sets of improved Hawke missile systems with mobile deployment capability, and the terminal egg, egg, bubble ice air defense system composed of anti-aircraft artillery units deployed in airports Gun individual weapon multi-level firepower configuration). After upgrading, Hawk missile system has good anti electronic jamming and low altitude target shooting capability. When combined with double 35mm erlikon anti-aircraft guns of 12 companies in four battalions, it can cause considerable threat to PLA attack aircraft. In addition, although a large number of air force and army bofus anti-aircraft guns and anti-aircraft machine guns are of old performance, they can still cause certain problems to PLA fighters and helicopters that lack the ability to attack at night.

Hawke missile at Jiupeng base, April 1998

Strong network system war management center 2001

As an upgrade of the previous Skynet system (a copy of Saga system), the main improvement of strong network system is to add more digital equipment to the command system, reduce the burden of manual operation, improve the communication system, and add optical cable and microwave communication system. The strong network has 4 battle management centers and 10 radar stations, and all the combat sequences are as follows:

Among the 14 radar stations, two ge-592 (made by General Electric Company and labeled as an / tps-59) and two HADR (abbreviation for Hughes air defense radar) fixed radars and four an / tps-43f mobile radars are worth mentioning.

Leshan ge-592 radar time unknown

These radars represent the advanced air defense early warning radar technology of the United States in the 1970s and 1980s. Among them, ge-592 and tps-43f are the most reliable radars, and they are also the radars with the greatest threat to the PLA attack aircraft group lacking electronic warfare capability. Two HADR radars are relatively poor. Although HADR is close to ge-592 in technology, its design focus is to adapt to the hot and dry climate in the Middle East. In the humid climate of Taiwan, HADR radar in Songshan even had a serious fire accident, causing many casualties. Perhaps for this reason, HADR was not purchased by the US military, but was specifically used for external marketing. No wonder there are rumors that these two hadrs belong to the forced sale of the U.S. tied F-16.

HADR radar of Songshan

In addition to several more advanced radars, the Taiwan Air Forces strong network system mainly relies on outdated old radars to fill in the loopholes: fps-110b and mps-11, which were used in the 1960s, only have the height ability to detect targets. Therefore, the former needs the assistance of fps-90 altimetry radar in use, which can not effectively guide the fighter to intercept, and has low anti-jamming ability and poor reliability There are great hidden dangers.

Fps-90 altimetry radar

Because of the weakness of the old radar, the Taiwan Air Force has been actively purchasing four E-2C eagle eye early warning aircraft from the United States since the 1980s. This dream came true in 1993. Since 1995, four e-2ts (Taiwan version E-2C) have successively arrived and formed an army, and have been unified into the air force early warning electronic Fighter Squadron stationed at qingquangang base. The service of e-2t has undoubtedly made a great leap forward in the early warning capability of Taiwan air force. Of course, since the advanced No.16 tactical data link system has not been introduced into the strong network system (the No.16 data link was installed until the Bosheng case in 2005), so it can only voice guide the fighter to intercept, which greatly reduces the command ability of the air defense system of Taiwan air force and can not give full play to the eagle eye detection ability.

Formation ceremony of the 28th squadron and e-2t was taken in November 1995


Other figures:

R-ch-1 reconnaissance aircraft of squadron 12

Hanguang 11c-130h

IDF of squadron 7, taken in March 1993

Team 8 f-5f1999

The AT-3 of Leihu group is subordinate to the flight training headquarters of the Air Force Academy

The xa-3 attack plane, which failed in the project, can carry xiongfeng-2 missile

Bofoss 40

Improved Hawke search radar, taken in April 1998

The radiation radar of Hawke missile was taken in April 1985

Strong network system war management center 2001