The Nobel Prize begins because the epidemic broke the tradition for the first time in more than 60 years and died a hundred years ago

 The Nobel Prize begins because the epidemic broke the tradition for the first time in more than 60 years and died a hundred years ago

Although the Nobel Prize almost died in the field of science a hundred years ago, it was criticized by people.

At the beginning of the publication of Nobels will, Swedish public opinion was denounced. Nobel was labeled as unpatriotic because he did not donate his huge legacy to Sweden.

Fortunately, thanks to the unremitting efforts of the executors of the Nobel will, the Swedish king finally declared the Nobel will into effect in 1898, and the Swedish Parliament later passed the constitution of the Nobel Foundation. On December 10, 1901, the fifth anniversary of Nobels death, the first Nobel Prize was awarded.

Growing up record: Why are the winners more and more accomplished late?

From 1901 to now, the Nobel Prize has a history of nearly 120 years. It has been awarded 597 times. 919 individuals and 24 organizations have won the Nobel Prize and 54 times have been awarded to women.

Among them, the oldest winner is one of the winners of the 2019 chemistry prize, American scientist goodinaf, known as father of lithium battery, at the age of 97. Faced with this late glory, goodinaff said: you can do anything by living to be 97. I feel honored and flattered to win the Nobel Prize.

Gustav karlstrand, senior director of the Nobel Museum, explained that a hundred years ago, there were only about a thousand physicists in the world. Today, the number has risen to about one million.

Scientists may have made important discoveries at a young age. However, there are tens of thousands of scientists who have made outstanding achievements, and the Nobel Prize Committee is increasingly demanding the reliability of scientific achievements, so it may take many years for the Nobel Prize Committee to win the prize.

History of making a fortune: why cant we pay out the huge bonus?

The Nobel Foundations money has been invested in treasury bonds, real estate and the stock market. However, financial management can not always be smooth. In 2011, due to the sluggish global stock market, the Nobel Foundation lost more than 19 million SEK in stock investment.

After getting the huge prize money, many of the winners spent their money on the follow-up research, and others donated the prize money.

Social circle: no more toasting under the epidemic situation

Every December, Nobel laureates gather in Stockholm. They can not only accept certificates, medals and bonus cheques presented by the Swedish king in person, but also attend a dinner party with members of the Swedish Royal family and celebrities. This is one of the most attractive social activities in the world.

However, the winners of 2020 may not be able to express the same sigh.

Affected by the new crown outbreak, the Nobel Prize banquet will be cancelled for the first time since 1956. Previously, the dinner party had been cancelled for reasons such as the two world wars.

The traditional Nobel prize awarding ceremony will no longer be held in December 2020. The award ceremony held in Stockholm and Oslo will be broadcast live through television and the Nobel Prize official website, and the number of live viewers will be reduced. The winners will be awarded Nobel medals and certificates at the Swedish embassies in the relevant countries or their research universities.

Sad thing: 155 runs with someone

Compared with not being able to go to the scene to receive the prize, some scientists regret that they have been lack of predestination with the Nobel Prize. Although they have been running with them for many years, they still cant get them into their pocket.

As the founder of psychoanalysis school, Freud, an Austrian psychologist, has been nominated for 33 Nobel prizes, including 32 Nobel prizes in physiology or medicine. In 1936, Roman Roland, a famous French writer, also nominated Freud as the winner of the Nobel Prize in literature.

I know that at first glance, psychoanalysts are more suitable for the Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine, but his (Freuds) great works have deeply influenced the literary world over the past 30 years, Rowland wrote in the nomination letter

Although Freuds regret did not receive a Nobel Prize, he was not the most injured compared with French biologist Gaston Raymond.

According to the rules of the Nobel Foundation, the information of the nominees and nominees will be kept strictly confidential for 50 years. In recent years, although the list of nominees has not been released, gambling organizations have listed some popular candidates, including the well-known Japanese writer Haruki Murakami.

Timetable: who will win the 2020 awards?

The opening week is about to begin. Lets take a look at the release dates of the 2020 Nobel Prizes (all in Beijing time)

Physiology or Medicine Award: no earlier than 17:30, October 5;

Chemistry Award: no earlier than 17:45, October 7;

Peace Prize: no earlier than 17:00, October 9;

Economics award: no earlier than 17:45, October 12

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