The Nobel Prize begins because the epidemic broke the tradition for the first time in more than 60 years and died a hundred years ago

 The Nobel Prize begins because the epidemic broke the tradition for the first time in more than 60 years and died a hundred years ago

Although the Nobel Prize almost died in the field of science a hundred years ago, it was criticized by people.

At the beginning of the publication of Nobels will, Swedish public opinion was denounced. Nobel was labeled as unpatriotic because he did not donate his huge legacy to Sweden.

Fortunately, thanks to the unremitting efforts of the executors of the Nobel will, the Swedish king finally declared the Nobel will into effect in 1898, and the Swedish Parliament later passed the constitution of the Nobel Foundation. On December 10, 1901, the fifth anniversary of Nobels death, the first Nobel Prize was awarded.

Growing up record: Why are the winners more and more accomplished late?

From the 1950s to the present, there is an interesting trend in the field of traditional natural science that Nobel Prize winners are getting older and older.

Gustav karlstrand, senior director of the Nobel Museum, explained that a hundred years ago, there were only about a thousand physicists in the world. Today, the number has risen to about one million.

Scientists may have made important discoveries at a young age. However, there are tens of thousands of scientists who have made outstanding achievements, and the Nobel Prize Committee is increasingly demanding the reliability of scientific achievements, so it may take many years for the Nobel Prize Committee to win the prize.

Initially, Nobels legacy was only SEK 31 million. Since 1901, the total amount of the Nobel Prize has been far more than this number, but there is still money to pay, which is due to investment and financial management.

In 2020, each Nobel Prize will amount to SEK 10 million, an increase of SEK 1 million over 2019.

Social circle: no more toasting under the epidemic situation

Every December, Nobel laureates gather in Stockholm. They can not only accept certificates, medals and bonus cheques presented by the Swedish king in person, but also attend a dinner party with members of the Swedish Royal family and celebrities. This is one of the most attractive social activities in the world.

After enjoying the delicious food feast with Swedish characteristics, guests can also participate in the ball held in the golden hall. Yoshino Chang, one of the winners of the 2019 chemistry prize, said after attending the dinner, I finally have the real feeling of winning the prize..

However, it is hard for the winners of 2020 to make the same sigh.

Affected by the new epidemic, the Nobel Prize banquet will be cancelled for the first time since 1956. Before that, because of the two world wars and other reasons, the dinner had been cancelled.

The traditional Nobel prize awarding ceremony will no longer be held in December 2020. The award ceremony held in Stockholm and Oslo will be broadcast live through television and the Nobel Prize official website, and the number of live viewers will be reduced. The winners will be awarded Nobel medals and certificates at the Swedish embassies in the relevant countries or their research universities.

Compared with not being able to go to the scene to receive the prize, some scientists regret that they have been lack of predestination with the Nobel Prize. Although they have been running with them for many years, they still cant get them into their pocket.

As the founder of psychoanalysis school, Freud, an Austrian psychologist, has been nominated for 33 Nobel prizes, including 32 Nobel prizes in physiology or medicine. In 1936, Roman Roland, a famous French writer, also nominated Freud as the winner of the Nobel Prize in literature.

Although Freuds regret did not receive a Nobel Prize, he was not the most injured compared with French biologist Gaston Raymond.

From 1930 to 1953, Raymond was nominated for the Nobel Prize 155 times. He developed a vaccine against diphtheria in the 1920s, when diphtheria was the main cause of death.

According to the rules of the Nobel Foundation, the information of the nominees and nominees will be kept strictly confidential for 50 years. In recent years, although the list of nominees has not been released, gambling organizations have listed some popular candidates, including the well-known Japanese writer Haruki Murakami.

Timetable: who will win the 2020 awards?

On September 23, the list of citation laureates, known as the barometer of Nobel Prize, was announced, and 24 scientific research elites were selected, including Dai Hongjie, a Chinese scholar and professor of Chemistry Department of Stanford University.

The opening week is about to be opened. Lets look at the announcement date of the 2020 Nobel Prize Awards (all in Beijing time):

Physiology or Medicine Award: no earlier than 17:30, October 5;

Physics prize: no earlier than 17:45, October 6;

Chemistry Award: no earlier than 17:45, October 7;

Literature Award: no earlier than 19:00, October 8;

Peace Prize: no earlier than 17:00, October 9;

Economics award: no earlier than 17:45, October 12