Looking back on the 13th five year plan and looking forward to new achievements series 1: from scale speed to quality efficiency, Chinas economy has higher gold content

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 Looking back on the 13th five year plan and looking forward to new achievements series 1: from scale speed to quality efficiency, Chinas economy has higher gold content


In 2019, Chinas GDP will reach 99.1 trillion yuan, accounting for about 30% of the worlds economic growth; per capita GDP will break through the $10000 mark for the first time, making a solid step towards the level of high-income countries; the contribution rate of final consumption expenditure to economic growth will remain at about 60%, the urbanization rate of permanent population will rise to 60.6%, and the energy consumption per unit GDP will decrease by 13.2% compared with 2015 More than 60 million new urban jobs have been created in China

Under the changing situation of the world economy, a series of data reflect that Chinas economic strength has greatly increased, the economic structure has been continuously optimized, the quality and efficiency of economic growth has been improved, the sense of gain, happiness and security of the people have been continuously improved, and the understanding of the law of economic and social development has been further deepened in practice.

Higher gold content

Behind the total economic output of nearly 100 trillion yuan, the quality is improving

On June 1, this year, the CPC Central Committee and the State Council issued the overall plan for the construction of Hainan free trade port. 100 days after the announcement of the plan, more than 89000 new market entities were added in Hainan. In 88 days after the implementation of the new policy of tax-free shopping on outlying islands, the tax-free sales volume of Hainan Island reached 8.3 billion yuan.

The sustained release of the development dividend of Hainan free trade port is a vivid miniature of Chinas vigorous economic development during the 13th Five Year Plan period.

From 2016 to 2019, Chinas total economic output has increased from more than 70 trillion yuan to nearly 100 trillion yuan, and its economic growth rate has always been above 6%, accounting for 16% of the global economy and contributing about 30% to the world economic growth. At the same time, as the first major economy to recover growth since the outbreak of the epidemic, Chinas economic influence in the world is also increasing.

At the same time, Chinas economic structure has been continuously optimized, the quality and efficiency have been steadily improved, and the gold content of economic development has been more sufficient.

In 2019, Chinas total retail sales of consumer goods will reach 41.2 trillion yuan, which has become the largest market in the world, and the contribution rate of final consumption expenditure to economic growth will remain at about 60%. In 2019, the added value of high-tech industries above Designated Size accounted for 14.4%, and the added value of service industry accounted for 53.9% of GDP.

Feng qiaobin, deputy director of the Macroeconomic Research Department of the development research center of the State Council, said in an exclusive interview with the peoples daily.com that among the 25 main indicators determined in the outline of the 13th five year plan, the urbanization rate of the permanent population and the number of invention patents per 10000 people have been achieved ahead of schedule, and most of the other indicators are also nearing completion and steadily advancing.

Pan Helin, executive director and professor of Digital Economy Research Institute of Central South University of Finance and law, also believed that deepening the practice of high-quality development concept, leading the continuous optimization of Chinas economic structure, innovation driven development and the construction of an open economy have become important highlights of Chinas economic development during the 13th Five Year Plan period.

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The per capita GDP has exceeded 10000 US dollars, and there is a great livelihood in the purse

In Yunshan village, Zhutang Township, Lancang Lahu Autonomous County, Puer City, Yunnan Province, along the smooth cement road, brick and concrete tile houses are arranged in order. On both sides of the road, trees and plants are lush and lush, melons and fruits are fragrant in front of and behind the houses. Under the green mountains and green waters, the beautiful countryside is unfolding.

In China, more and more Yunshan villages have gone from poverty and backwardness to beautiful and livable villages, from the mountainous areas where the incidence of poverty is as high as 70% to the new mode of infrastructure + industrial development + quality improvement.

During the 13th Five Year Plan period, decisive achievements have been made in Poverty Alleviation: more than 50 million poor farmers have been lifted out of poverty, and the per capita net income of poverty-stricken households in National Archives and cards has increased from 3416 yuan in 2015 to 9808 yuan in 2019.

In 2019, Chinas per capita GDP exceeded 10000 US dollars, and the per capita disposable income of national residents reached 30733 yuan, an increase of 39.9% over 2015. The scale of middle-income groups continued to expand.

During the 13th Five Year Plan period, China vigorously implemented the employment priority policy. From 2016 to 2019, the number of new urban employment reached 53.78 million. The number of people who participated in endowment insurance, medical insurance, unemployment insurance, industrial injury insurance and maternity insurance continued to increase, and the construction of affordable housing project was accelerated.

In 2019, the proportion of excellent days in 337 prefecture level and above cities in China was 82%. Among the 337 cities monitored, 46.6% of the cities reached the air quality standard, which was 25% higher than that in 2015. By the end of 2019, the 13th five year plan has clearly defined nine binding indicators in the field of ecological and environmental protection, and seven of them have completed the target tasks ahead of schedule.

During the 13th Five Year Plan period, with the implementation of Rural Revitalization Strategy and regional coordinated development strategy, the income level of rural residents and central and western residents in China continued to improve, and the income ratio of urban and rural residents decreased from 2.73 in 2015 to 2.64 in 2019.

Pan Helin believes that in the global environment of more instability and uncertainty, and the international economy is facing downward pressure, China has stabilized the basic situation of peoples livelihood through poverty alleviation and employment stability. At the same time, we have actively promoted the construction of public service systems such as health care and education, which has greatly improved the living standards and well-being of the Chinese people.

The continuous improvement of peoples well-being in the 13th Five-Year period has benefited from the Central Committee of Comrade Xi Jinping as the core of adhering to the people centered approach and promoting the reform and formulation of policies with the peoples sense of happiness and sense of achievement as the criteria. At the same time, it also benefits from the development dividend brought by Chinas economic transformation and upgrading process and the hard-working and practical practice of the Chinese people. Feng qiaobin said.

The concept is further deepened

Respecting the law of factor flow and promoting high quality development

In August 24th this year, general secretary Xi Jinping chaired an Expert Symposium on economic and social fields and delivered an important speech.

Xi Jinping pointed out that theory originates from practice and guides practice. Since the reform and opening up, we have timely summed up new and vivid practices, constantly promoted theoretical innovation, and put forward many important judgments on major issues such as development concept, ownership, distribution system, government functions, market mechanism, macro-control, industrial structure, enterprise governance structure, peoples livelihood security, social governance and other major issues.

Looking back on the 13th Five Year Plan period, the remarkable feature of Chinas economic development is to enter the new normal.

Under the new normal, the main characteristics of Chinas economic development are: the growth rate should be changed from high speed to medium high speed, the development mode should be changed from scale speed type to quality efficiency type, the economic structure adjustment should be changed from incremental capacity expansion to stock adjustment and optimization, and the driving force of development should be changed from mainly relying on resources and low-cost labor to innovation driven.

The course of development in the past five years has witnessed the further deepening of our understanding of the regularity of economic and social development.

Under the guidance of the people-centered development thought, we should adhere to the new development concept and pay more attention to the coordination and sustainability of development: the industrial structure is continuously optimized, the coordinated development strategy of major regions is accelerated, the coordinated development of urban and rural areas and regions presents a new pattern, the pilot free trade zones are expanded to 21, and the pace of reform and opening-up continues to accelerate.

Feng qiaobin believes that during the 13th Five Year Plan period, Chinas economy has changed from high speed to medium high speed. Under the changes of the objective situation, the CPC Central Committee has further deepened its understanding of the law of economic and social development and proposed to promote high-quality development. At the same time, we have taken into account the overall situation at home and abroad, promoted high-level opening-up, and gradually achieved higher quality, more efficient, fairer, more sustainable and safer development.

In April this year, the CPC Central Committee and the State Council issued the opinions on building a more perfect system and mechanism for the market-oriented allocation of factors, which clearly proposed to promote the independent and orderly flow of factors. Feng qiaobin believes that respecting the law of independent flow of factors reflects Chinas firm determination to further stimulate the creativity and economic vitality of the whole society and promote the quality, efficiency and driving force of economic development.

At the same time, throughout the 13th Five Year Plan period, we have a deeper understanding of the relationship between the government and the market. In particular, in the process of resolutely winning the war of epidemic prevention and control, we have once again seen the important role of Chinas effective market and the governments concerted efforts. Feng qiaobin said.