From October 5 to October 12, the Nobel Committee will announce six major awards, including the Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine, the Nobel Prize in physics, the Nobel Prize in chemistry, the Nobel Prize in literature, the Nobel Peace Prize and the Nobel Prize in economics.
The Nobel Prize in 2020 will be awarded from October 5 to 12. The picture is from the Nobel Prize website
As the new crown epidemic is still raging, this years Nobel Prize is very different: on the one hand, due to the impact of the epidemic, Stockholms traditional award ceremony was cancelled and changed to be held online; on the other hand, some analysts believe that this years Nobel Peace Prize may become the new crown Peace Prize.
Lars heikenstein, executive director of the Nobel Foundation, has previously said that the new epidemic is a crisis for all mankind, and it also proves the importance of science..
With the coming of the Nobel Prize in 2020, what are the concerns?
Highlight 1: the Nobel Prize will be announced one after another tomorrow
According to the official website of the Nobel Prize, the publication date of the 2020 Nobel Prize will last from October 5 to October 12. Netizens can access the official website of the Nobel Prizeuff08 nobelprize.org uff09Watch live. The specific publication time is as follows:
Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine: at 17:30, October 5, Beijing time
Nobel Prize in Physics: as early as 17:45, October 6, Beijing time
Nobel Prize in Chemistry: as early as 17:45, October 7, Beijing time
Nobel Prize in literature: at 19:00, October 8, Beijing time
Nobel Peace Prize: 17:00, October 9, Beijing time
Nobel Prize in Economics: as early as 17:45, October 12, Beijing time
Nobel Prize Announcement arrangement. Screenshot from the Nobel Prize website
Highlight 2: bonus to SEK 10 million
In the past few years, Nobel laureates have been awarded SEK 9 million. But this year, the Nobel Prize winners bonus will be increased by 1 million Swedish kronor to 10 million Swedish kronor (about 7.595 million yuan).
The Nobel Prize official website said on September 24 that the board of directors of the Nobel Foundation recently made a decision to increase the Nobel Prize. Lars heikenstein, executive director of the Nobel Foundation, said on the same day that the decision was made because the financial situation of the foundation was very stable compared with the past.
We believe that this year is particularly important to celebrate what Nobel laureates have achieved in inspiring us and bringing hope to our future. With the announcement of the coming week, we are happy to announce that this years bonus will be increased by 1 million Swedish kroner, hekenstein said.
It is reported that since the Nobel Prize was issued in 1901, the amount of prize money has been changing. From the initial 150000 SEK to one million kronor in 1981. In the 1980s and 1990s, the bonus soared to 10 million kronor. However, the global financial crisis in 2008 affected the funds investment income, and in 2011, the bonus dropped from 10 million kronor to 8 million kronor. In 2017, the bonus was raised again to SEK 9 million.
Highlight 3: different Nobel week in December
Due to the new epidemic, this years Nobel Prize ceremony and other activities are quite different from those in the past.
According to the Nobel Prize website, the Nobel Foundation announced in September that the award ceremony originally scheduled for December 10 in Stockholm, Sweden, would be cancelled and the award ceremony would be held live online at the Stockholm City Hall.
However, the Nobel Peace Prize Presentation Ceremony in Oslo, the capital of Norway, will be held as usual, but the number of participants will be very small, and the winners can participate online or on-site.
The traditional Nobel banquet held in Stockholm and Oslo has been cancelled, and the winners will be invited to the awards ceremony and banquet next year.
This years Nobel Prize Concert will be held on December 8, when famous pianist Igor Levit will perform in Stockholm concert hall. The concert will be broadcast live with limited audience. On December 9, the Nobel week dialogue will be held. At that time, some Nobel laureates will participate in the activity to explore how education can help us create a better future.
Focus 4: whether new crown drug related research will be awarded
With the awarding date approaching, many gaming institutions and pollsters have begun to predict who will win the six awards this year.
However, it is generally believed that it is difficult to predict awards in physiology, medicine, physics, chemistry and economics. These awards are generally awarded to individuals or teams that are prominent in their own fields but are basically unknown to the public. Moreover, the Nobel Prize nominees information is kept secret for 50 years, so it is almost impossible to compare all the nominees in advance.
In the context of this years epidemic, some have suggested that research related to the treatment of new crowns may win this years Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine, CNN reported. However, the Nobel Prize in science is generally awarded to achievements that have withstood the test of time. For example, the Nobel Prize in chemistry was awarded to the research on lithium batteries, which began in the 1980s.
CNN said that based on this, the scientific research on the new crown is very unlikely to win. If there are relevant treatment, drugs or effective vaccine to prevent the spread of the epidemic, it is possible to become the future Nobel Prize winner.
Point 5: will the peace prize be related to the response to the new epidemic
The 2020 Nobel Peace Prize is one of the most watched awards.
Dan Smith, director of the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, told CNN, this is the year in which I am most uncertain who will win the Nobel Peace Prize. Nobel laureates will also be more cautious about the award, because they generally want to use this prize to send some signals This year, they have to send a signal of hope, a belief that everything will be OK.
Screenshot from the Nobel Prize website.
CNN noted that this years Nobel Peace Prize is likely to be a new peace prize, which will be awarded to organizations or individuals with outstanding achievements in fighting the epidemic.
At present, the World Health Organization (who) is considered the most likely organization to win this years Nobel Peace Prize. However, who also faces some controversies, among which criticism comes mainly from US President trump. But most countries recognize whos efforts in response to the epidemic.
New Zealand Prime Minister Aden is also regarded as a strong competitor for the peace prize, because New Zealands epidemic control is more effective. However, some analysts believe that Aden lacks a sense of existence on the international stage, and maybe the international recognition is not so strong.
Greta tongberry, a Swedish green girl, was considered a hot candidate for the Peace Prize last year, but the prize was awarded to ABI Ahmed Ali, Prime Minister of Ethiopia. As the global climate crisis continues to worsen, it is considered that tonberry, as a Youth Climate activist, is more likely to be recognized.
However, some analysts pointed out that this still depends on how the Norwegian Nobel Committee defines peace. According to the Nobel will, the Nobel Peace Prize should be awarded to those who have done their best or made the greatest contribution to promoting national unity and friendship, abolishing or reducing the standing army, and organizing and publicizing the peace conference. Whether climate change can promote peace remains a controversial issue.
Xie Lian, reporter of Beijing News
Source: Zhang Zutao, editor in charge of Beijing News_ NT5054