Museum Tour: Qingzhou Museum, one of the earliest museums in China

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 Museum Tour: Qingzhou Museum, one of the earliest museums in China


Qingzhou Museum (Photo 7), located in the northern foot of Yishan mountain in the central Shandong Province, is the only county-level comprehensive museum among the first batch of 83 first-class museums in China.

Qingzhou Museum has more than 50000 cultural relics in its collection, and more than 3000 national precious cultural relics, with a complete range of categories, including ceramics, bronze, calligraphy and painting, stone carvings, jade ware, etc. The museum has permanent exhibitions on Qingzhous history, fine ceramics, ancient painting and calligraphy art, inscriptions and steles unearthed from Han Tombs in Xiangshan, highlighting the characteristics of Qingzhou.

Zhao Bingzhong hall examination paper

Zhao Bingzhong, born in Zhengmu Town, Qingzhou, Ming Dynasty, was the first scholar in the 26th year of Wanli (1598). In 1983, Zhao huanbin, his 13th grandson, donated this volume (Fig. 6). The paper consists of 19 folded pages, 47.6 cm in height and 35.7 cm in middle. It is mounted on three layers of Xuan paper, and the cover and back cover are all in silk.

Experts at the Palace Museum in Beijing identified that the palace examination paper was the original object of the Ming Dynasty and a national first-class cultural relic. It filled in the blank of the palace archives of the Ming Dynasty in China and became the only copy at home and abroad.

The first part is the resume of the author and his three generations, which is imitated song style, with a total of 4 lines. On the top of the first fold, there is a seal seal seal of the Ministry of Rites, and the seal is covered with a watermark of sealing off the customs. The latter part is the main body, 15 fold album pages, 2460 words in total, written in small cap letters of Guange style. On the top right corner of the front page of the test paper, there are six characters in the top right corner of the test paper. After the text is the official titles and names of nine examiners, such as the grand bachelor, the Minister of rites, the Secretary of the Ministry of war, and the Minister of Hubu.

Zhao Bingzhongs speech in the imperial examination paper was pertinent and criticized the current malpractice. He was awarded the title of the first class and the first place, that is, the number one scholar.

From the middle of Ming Dynasty to the early stage of Qing Dynasty, there were more than 80 Jinshi in Qing Dynasty.

Jade jade of the Eastern Han Dynasty

Han Dynasty jade with characters

Golden ring head

Witness of overseas trade in Qingzhou

Jin huanshou (Photo 8) was unearthed in the tomb of the Warring States period in Xixin village, Donggao Town, Qingzhou in 2004. Pure gold, ring-shaped, 5.6 cm high and 5.4 cm wide.

During the Warring States period, with the great wall of Qi as the boundary, the state of Qi in the north and the state of Lu in the south. The jurisdiction of ancient Qingzhou covered the whole Shandong Peninsula today. Todays Qingzhou City is always located in the hinterland of Qi State, with developed economy and prosperous silk weaving. It is also a place where princes and nobles frequently work.

The golden ring head is a sword handle, and the overall shape is a combination of deer and eagle. During the Warring States period, bronze ware was developed, but gold ware was rare. The objects of this kind have been found in East Asia and West Asia, belonging to the skitai culture.

The appearance of the golden ring head shows that Qingzhou had trade with foreign countries as early as the Warring States period. The silk produced in ancient Qingzhou is likely to be sold by land to the areas where the Scythians lived.

In addition, the painted pottery of Qingzhou museum is also very precious. In 2006, more than 3000 pieces of pottery, pottery figurines, bronzes and ironware of all kinds were unearthed. Most of these pottery and pottery figurines retain colorful paintings on their surfaces, which are well preserved among the same kind of cultural relics of the same period in China at present, and provide precious material materials for the study of the history of the Western Han Dynasty.

Source: Peoples Daily - Peoples Daily: Zhang Zutao_ NT5054